Battle: Los Angeles

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Battle: Los Angeles
Battle Los Angeles Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Jonathan Liebesman
Produced by Jeffrey Chernov
David Greenblatt
Written by Chris Bertolini
Starring Aaron Eckhart
Michelle Rodriguez
Ramon Rodriguez
Bridget Moynahan
Ne-Yo
Michael Peña
Music by Brian Tyler
Cinematography Lukas Ettlin
Edited by Christian Wagner
Production
company
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release dates
  • March 8, 2011 (2011-03-08) (Westwood premiere)
  • March 11, 2011 (2011-03-11)
Running time 116 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $70 million[2]
Box office $211,819,354[3]

Battle: Los Angeles (also known as Battle: LA and internationally as World Invasion: Battle Los Angeles) is a 2011 American military science fiction war film directed by Jonathan Liebesman. The storyline was conceived from a screenplay written by Chris Bertolini, based in part on a wartime incident dubbed the "Battle of Los Angeles".[4] The film is set in modern day Los Angeles and follows a retiring Marine Staff Sergeant played by Aaron Eckhart who must go back into the line of duty to lead a platoon of U.S. Marines, a Hospital corpsman, isolated U.S. Army soldiers and a U.S. Air Force sergeant during a global alien invasion. The ensemble cast also features Michelle Rodriguez, Ramon Rodriguez, Bridget Moynahan, Ne-Yo, and Michael Peña.

The film was a co-production between the motion picture studios of Columbia Pictures, Relativity Media, and Original Film. Theatrically, it was commercially distributed by Columbia, while the Sony Pictures Home Entertainment division released the film in the video rental market. Battle: Los Angeles explores extraterrestrial life, violence and military warfare.[5] Following its wide release in theaters, the film won the BMI TV Music Award for composer Brian Tyler. The film score was orchestrated by Tyler in conjunction with the Hollywood Studio Symphony. The soundtrack was released by the Varèse Sarabande music label on March 8, 2011.

Principal photography began during the second week of September in 2009. Battle: Los Angeles premiered in theaters nationwide in the United States on March 11, 2011 grossing $83,552,429 in domestic ticket receipts. The film was screened at 3,417 theaters during its widest release in cinemas. It earned an additional $128,266,925 in business through international release to top out at a combined $211,819,354 in gross revenue. Taking into account its $70 million budget costs, the film was considered a major box office success. However, preceding its initial screening to the public, the film was generally met with negative critical reviews. With its initial foray into the home media marketplace; the widescreen DVD and Blu-ray editions of the film featuring the theatrical trailer, scene selections, and special features among other highlights was released in the United States on June 14, 2011.

Plot[edit]

On August 12, 2011, large masses thought to be meteors land in the oceans near almost every major coastal city on Earth. The objects are discovered to be spacecraft containing hostile extraterrestrial soldiers, who immediately begin killing all humans they encounter. Marines from Camp Pendleton arrive in Los Angeles, including Staff Sgt. Michael Nantz, a 20-year veteran who had lost his squad during his most recent tour in Iraq. Nantz was officially to begin his retirement; but because of the alien invasion, is instead made the acting platoon sergeant for a Marine infantry platoon.[5]

Under the command of 2nd Lt. William Martinez, the platoon arrives at Santa Monica Airport, now a Forward Operating Base. As the alien ground forces have no apparent air support, the Air Force prepares to carpet bomb the Santa Monica area. The platoon is tasked with rescuing civilians from an LAPD police station in West Los Angeles before the bombing. As they advance through the city, they are ambushed and suffer casualties. A group of Army National Guard soldiers from the 40th Infantry Division, and an Air Force intelligence TSgt., Elena Santos, having escaped hostile action that killed their comrades, team up with the platoon. At the police station, the platoon finds five civilians: veterinarian Michele, children Hector Rincon, Kirsten, Amy, and Hector's father Joe. A helicopter arrives to evacuate the wounded Marines, but cannot rescue the civilians due to weight restrictions. As the helicopter takes off, it is destroyed by collision with an alien aircraft.[5]

The Marines commandeer a city bus for evacuation. They also examine a wounded alien in order to find a vulnerable spot, and discover a vital heart-like organ that they can use as a target. After Nantz manages to bring down one of the alien aircraft, they quickly realize the ships are remote-controlled drones that track human radio transmissions. Santos reveals that her original mission was to locate the aliens' central command center, believing that its destruction would deactivate the drones. On the I-10 freeway, the bus comes under attack. Because the off-ramp is destroyed, the Marines rappel the civilians off the freeway. Marines Stavrou and Mottola and the National Guard personnel are killed, while Rincon and Lt. Martinez are wounded. Martinez sacrifices himself to destroy an advancing enemy unit by detonating explosives inside the bus, leaving Nantz in command. The surviving Marines and civilians escape the bombing zone with six minutes to go. A news report speculates that the aliens are seeking Earth's water for fuel while attempting to colonize the planet and eradicate humans; ocean levels have already dropped several feet. The team waits for the bombing, but to their dismay nothing happens, and they depart. Arriving at the airport, the Marines discover that the aliens have utterly destroyed the F.O.B. and the military is retreating from Los Angeles. Echo Company plans to escort the civilians to an alternative extraction point with a surviving LAV and an M1151 Humvee. Before they leave, Joe Rincon dies from his wounds, but the company later reaches the evacuation spot.[5]

In midair, their chopper experiences a brief loss of power, possibly from concentrated multiple RF transmissions. Nantz theorizes that they were flying near a location occupied by the alien command center as it relays radio energy to its drones. He decides to recon the area alone, but his team insists on accompanying him. Underground, the Marines confirm the presence of a large alien vessel and return to the surface. Kerns radios in to request missiles, but is killed after sending the transmission. Nantz pinpoints the fired missiles via a laser designator towards the drone-protected command module, which finally crashes from a direct hit. The alien ground forces retreat, as their now uncontrolled drones fall to the ground helpless. At a Marine base, Nantz's team is greeted as heroes for their bravery and success. Going against orders to rest and recuperate, Nantz and his team re-arm themselves and rejoin the rest of the military forces heading in for the retaking of Los Angeles as other countries wage similar military operations against the hostile species.[5]

Cast[edit]

Actor Aaron Eckhart who portrayed Sgt. Michael Nantz.

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Jonathan Liebesman intended the film to be a realistic depiction of an alien invasion in the style of a war film, taking inspiration from the films Black Hawk Down, Saving Private Ryan, and United 93 for his documentary style of filming.[6][7][8] Liebesman also drew inspiration from YouTube videos of Marines fighting in Fallujah for the look of the film.[9][10] As a result, the film was not shot in 3D as the director felt that combined with the handheld camera style of shooting would make the audience "throw up in two minutes."[7] Instead, standard film was used, intercutting footage from three different cameras.[6] The filmmakers tested shooting the film digitally on a Red camera, but found the camera could not capture the same quality image as standard film.[6] The film was shot for a PG-13 rating, as the director felt making the film overly gory did not suit the more suspenseful tone they were trying to achieve.[6] Screenwriter Chris Bertolini tried to include humour and suspense as well as action, which he felt were important elements to help draw the audience into the drama.[6] In an interview with IGN, Liebesman described the interaction between actors, as well as the natural development of the film during pre-production exclaiming, "What comes out of that is a lot of tiny little details and tiny things that these guys bring out,". He also noted, "Whether it's, just off the top of my head, Ne-Yo, who plays Harris, and Gino [Pesi], who plays Stavrou, have a great relationship, a lot of which they made up behind the scenes. Just little things, characters that you thought, 'Ah, s--t this wasn't really in the script.' These guys, like Guerrero (Neil Brown, Jr.). He's one of the guys way back there but he's got a personality and he brought it and it was just stuff you don't expect."[11][12]

Themes and analysis[edit]

The film's story was partly inspired by the Battle of Los Angeles, a rumored enemy attack and subsequent anti-aircraft artillery barrage that took place in Los Angeles during World War II, on the night of February 24, 1942; this real incident was used as the main focus of an early teaser trailer to promote the film, in which it is strongly implied the alien invaders spent decades planning their attack and invasion.[4] The filmmakers drew upon this historical event in an attempt to help ground the film in reality.[13] Aaron Eckhart said that the objective of the film was to make as realistic an alien invasion movie as possible; "The goal was: this is a war movie, a documentary style war movie—with aliens in it."[14] The film however, was not the first motion picture to touch upon the events surrounding the tale of the Pacific air raids. In 1979, the comedy drama film 1941 directed by Steven Spielberg, alluded to the 1942 shelling as well as other surprise military engagements.[15] On March 12, 2011, a day after the official release for Battle: Los Angeles, a mockbuster produced by the independent film company The Asylum, entitled Battle of Los Angeles, premiered on the Syfy cable TV channel in the United States.

Michelle Rodriguez (left) and Aaron Eckhart (right), along with director Jonathan Liebesman at the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con International.

Filming[edit]

Filming took place from September 2009 through December 2009 in Shreveport and Baton Rouge, Louisiana[16] (with some scenes filmed at Camp Pendleton in San Diego, CA). Louisiana was chosen instead of Los Angeles mainly due to financial advantages.[17] Principal photography began in the second week of September in Shreveport with scenes depicting a destroyed interstate filled with cars, an overturned tanker truck, and a crashed helicopter. Post-production lasted throughout 2010 and into 2011. Special effects used in the principal photography included pyrotechnics. The most climactic of all was a large fireball-producing explosion which was said to have alarmed some residents and passers-by. Film crews implemented use of a large "green-screen" billboard at the base (end) of the "destroyed" interstate to use later for inserting CGI images of Los Angeles.[18] The actors went through three weeks of boot camp, in order to learn how to realistically operate as a Marine platoon.[6] In addition, Eckhart had done training with the Marines for a few months beforehand in weapons training and drills.[17] On set, military technical advisors worked with the actors to ensure they gave a realistic performance.[19] Eckhart broke his upper arm when he fell off a ledge during an action sequence, but continued to work for the remainder of the film without having it put in a cast.[17]

There was military support for filming. Numerous Marine units assisted in filming, including infantry from 2nd Battalion 1st Marines, MV-22 Ospreys from VMMT-204 (based at Marine Corps Air Station New River in North Carolina), CH-46 Sea Knights from HMM-268 and HMM-774 (based in Camp Pendleton and Naval Station Norfolk, respectively), and reservists from 3rd Battalion 23rd Marines based in Belle Chasse, Louisiana.[20]

Visual effects[edit]

While Liebesman tried to use practical effects whenever possible (although green screen and CGI were used), such as for explosions, 90% of the aliens are computer generated, as the director felt they would be too difficult to achieve any other way.[6][7] The invaders were designed by Paul Gerrard,[8] who made them to appear "very alien", neither arthropod nor vertebrate, while Liebesman described them as "genocidal Nazis... They look at us like we look at ants."[7] Liebesman wanted the aliens to appear to function as a real army, complete with medics and different ranking officers, and using tactics such as taking cover to protect themselves.[7][9] Liebesman also confirmed that the aliens are invading for the Earth's natural resources, specifically because the Earth is 70% covered with water.[9]

Controversy[edit]

Sony investigated the possibility of legal action against the filmmakers Greg and Colin Strause, who were hired to do visual effects work on Battle: Los Angeles through their special effects company Hydraulx. Sony suspected the Strause brothers had created their own Los Angeles-based alien invasion film Skyline, which would compete with the Battle: Los Angeles release, by using resources they had gained while working on the film without the consent of Sony Pictures.[21] A spokesman for the Strauses responded by saying, "Any claims of impropriety are completely baseless. This is a blatant attempt by Sony to force these independent filmmakers to move a release date that has long been set by Universal and Relativity and is outside the filmmakers' control."[22] Sony initiated arbitration against Hydraulx and the Strause brothers, but later dismissed the arbitration.[23]

Music[edit]

The score was composed by Brian Tyler and performed by the Hollywood Studio Symphony. The soundtrack for the film released on March 8, 2011.[24] A song used in the trailer is "The Sun's Gone Dim and the Sky's Turned Black" by Jóhann Jóhannsson.[25] Songs used in the film were "California Love" by 2Pac featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman but not included on the soundtrack album.

Marketing[edit]

Video game[edit]

A first-person shooter video game developed by Live Action Studios and published by Konami was released on Xbox Live Arcade on March 11, 2011. The OnLive game service (as part of its Playpack subscription service) was made available to subscribers on March 15, and on the PlayStation Network on March 22.[26] Eckhart reprised his role for the game.[27] Players assume the role of Corporal Lee Imlay throughout the game.

Release[edit]

The film had its world premiere in the United States on March 11, 2011. The next day, on March 12, it premiered in the Asia Pacific region in Taiwan. Other European markets in Germany and Denmark had the film premiering on April 14.[28] The film made its debut in Sweden on April 20 and Switzerland on April 22nd. It went into general theatrical release in Latin America in Argentina on March 10.[28] Certain Middle Eastern markets; the United Arab Emirates and Lebanon saw the premiere of the film on March 10, while in South Africa it screened later in the month on March 25.[citation needed]

Home media[edit]

Following its cinematic release in theaters, the Region 1 Code widescreen edition of the film was released on DVD by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment in the United States on June 14, 2011. Special features for the DVD include; Behind The Battle, Building the Aliens, Acting with Aliens, Shooting the Aliens, Preparing for Battle, and Creating L.A. in LA.[29] Additionally, a combo two-disc Blu-ray Disc/DVD was also released by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment on June 14, 2011. Special features for the DVD/Blu-ray Disc pack include; PS3 Theme, Behind The Battle, Directing the Battle, Building the Aliens, Acting with Aliens, Shooting the Aliens, Preparing for Battle, Boot Camp, Creating L.A. in LA, The Freeway Battle, Command Control, Staff Sergeant Nantz, Marine Behind The Scenes, Aliens Ambush The Marines, Battling Unknown Forces, Technical Sergeant Santos, Alien Autopsy, Gas Station Explosion, Visual FX on the Freeway, Do You Believe in Aliens?, and Alien Command & Control.[29]

Concurrently, the widescreen hi-definition Blu-ray version of the film was released on June 14, 2011, too. Special features include; PS3 Theme, Resistance 3 Game Demo Hybrid—PS3 Game, Behind The Battle, Directing the Battle, Building the Aliens, Acting with Aliens, Shooting the Aliens, Preparing for Battle, Boot Camp, Creating L.A. in LA, The Freeway Battle, Command Control, Staff Sergeant Nantz, Marine Behind The Scenes, Aliens Ambush The Marines, Battling Unknown Forces, Technical Sergeant Santos, Alien Autopsy, Gas Station Explosion, Visual FX on the Freeway, Do You Believe in Aliens?, and Alien Command & Control.[29] A supplemental viewing option for the film in the media format of Video on demand is available as well.[30]

Battle: Los Angeles is one of the first titles to be re-mastered in the ultra-high resolution format 4K.[31]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

The film's reception was generally negative. Most critics praised Eckhart's performance and the special effects, but criticized the cliched script and the editing. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 35% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 193 reviews, with an average score of 4.8/10.[32] The website reported the critical consensus, "Overlong and overly burdened with war movie clichés, Battle: Los Angeles will entertain only the most ardent action junkies". Review aggregator Metacritic assigned the film a weighted average score of 37 (out of 100) based on 35 reviews from mainstream critics, considered to be "Generally unfavorable reviews".[33]

"There is a lazy editing style in action movies these days that assumes nothing need make any sense visually. In a good movie, we understand where the heroes are, and where their opponents are, and why, and when they fire on each other, we understand the geometry. In a mess like this, the frame is filled with flashes and explosions and shots so brief that nothing makes sense."
—Roger Ebert, writing for the Chicago Sun-Times[34]

Noted film critic Roger Ebert panned Battle: Los Angeles in a lengthy review, calling the movie "noisy, violent, ugly and stupid", giving the film a mere half star rating. Though he praised Aaron Eckhart's performance, Ebert heavily criticized the film's writing, effects designs, camerawork and editing. He closed his review by saying, "When I think of the elegant construction of something like Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, I want to rend the hair from my head and weep bitter tears of despair. Generations of filmmakers devoted their lives to perfecting techniques that a director like Jonathan Liebesman is either ignorant of, or indifferent to. Yet he is given millions of dollars to produce this assault on the attention span of a generation."[34] But Anthony Lane in The New Yorker gave the film a more generous review, stating: "Battle: Los Angeles is a lot more fun than bludgeoning, soul-draining follies like Terminator Salvation or the Transformers films."[35]

Battle: Los Angeles was largely given poor reviews by the Los Angeles Times,[36] The New York Times,[37] USA Today,[38] Entertainment Weekly,[39] and Variety.[40] One stand out, the San Francisco Chronicle,[41] gave it a sympathetic review. Kim Newman of Empire rated the film 2 stars out of 5 and criticized its lack of originality.[42] Nigel Floyd of Time Out rated the film 2 stars saying that it "... lumbers the flat military characters with hackneyed dialogue and corny sentimentality".[43]

Neil Smith of Total Film magazine rated the film as 3 stars out of 5 and summarized, "Imagine Black Hawk Down with ET's instead of Somalis and you'll have the measure of an explosive if functional actioner that will do while we're waiting for summer's big guns to arrive".[44] Movie critic Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune also rated the film 3 out of 5 stars, remarking how the story was "gratifyingly narrow: It's about a handful of people trying to get a handful of blocks to a safe zone on the west side of LA, and not get killed in the process. The saving-the-world part is almost an afterthought."[45] In mild positive sentiment, Ty Burr of The Boston Globe emphatically stated that the film was a "loud, frenetic, viscerally gripping two-hour tour of duty that mostly plays fair by the rules of the genre and mostly avoids macho posturing."[46] Similarly, Connie Ogle of The Miami Herald deduced that Battle: Los Angeles was "not so goofy as Independence Day, not so terrifying as War of the Worlds, and it utterly lacks the imagination and emotional resonance of District 9" but was a "solid popcorn movie, with plenty of action, explosions and low-key mayhem unlikely to scar even the most fragile of psyches."[47]

Accolades[edit]

Battle: Los Angeles received an award nomination for actor Peña in the category of Favorite Movie Actor, along with a nomination for Rodriguez for Favorite Movie Actress from the ALMA Awards. Additionally, composer Tyler won the BMI TV Music Award for his work on the film.[48][49]

Box office[edit]

Battle: Los Angeles debuted on March 11, 2011 in the United States screening at 3,417 theaters. It grossed $13,399,310 on its opening day, which was the best opening-day gross for 2011 until the record was surpassed by Fast Five. Overall, the film made $35,573,187 and ranked number one on its opening weekend ahead of Red Riding Hood and Mars Needs Moms.[50] The film dropped to No. 2 after a week when Rango topped the box office on St. Patrick's Day. During its final week in release, Battle: Los Angeles opened in a distant 46th place with $68,843 in revenue.[51] At the end of its run in 2011, the film has grossed $83,552,429 in the United States and Canadian markets and $128,266,925 in international markets, for a worldwide total of $211,819,354.[52]

Sequel[edit]

Eckhart has stated he would be interested in returning for a sequel.[53] In an interview on March 25, 2012, director Jonathan Liebesman announced that work on a script for a sequel had begun. He also commented that the budget "will be as big."[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BATTLE LOS ANGELES (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. January 24, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2014. 
  2. ^ McClintock, Pamela (March 10, 2011). "Battle: Los Angeles Likely to Beat Red Riding Hood at Box Office". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 10, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Battle: Los Angeles (2011)". Box Office Mojo. March 2, 2011. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "'Battle: Los Angeles' Based on a Real-Life UFO Attack (Maybe)". moviefone.com. February 15, 2011. Retrieved February 19, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Jonathan Liebesman (Director). (2011). Battle: Los Angeles [Motion picture] Production Notes. United States: Columbia Pictures.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Director Jonathan Liebesman, Producer’s Ori Marmur & Jeffrey Churnov, James D. Dever, and Screenwriter Chris Bertolini On Set Interview BATTLE: LOS ANGELES". Collider.com. January 20, 2011. Retrieved February 19, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Interview: Jonathan Liebesman Talks Battle: Los Angeles". filmschoolrejects.com. July 29, 2010. Retrieved February 19, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "Jonathan Liebesman on 'Battle: Los Angeles'". RadioFree.com. February 23, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c "Comic-Con 2010: ‘Battle: Los Angeles’ Press Panel". screenrant.com. July 22, 2010. Retrieved February 28, 2011. 
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  11. ^ "Q&A – Neil Brown Jr. (Guillermo)". AMC. June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Battle: Los Angeles set Visit". IGN. January 27, 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  13. ^ "The Real ‘Battle: Los Angeles’ Have Aliens Already Invaded?". screenrant.com. February 25, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Aaron Eckhart: Battle: LA Has Same ‘Real Feel’ as The Dark Knight". screenrant.com. February 24, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2011. 
  15. ^ Steven Spielberg. (1979). 1941 [Motion picture] The Making of 1941. United States: Universal Pictures.
  16. ^ "'Battle: Los Angeles', Aaron Eckhart to shoot in Baton Rouge, Shreveport". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c "Ready for the battle?". The Hindu (Chennai, India). March 4, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2011. 
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  20. ^ "The Aliens Are Pissed On The Set Of 'Battle: LA'". io9.com. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  21. ^ "‘Battle: Los Angeles’ Goes to War with 'Skyline'". Screenrant.com. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  22. ^ "'Battle: Los Angeles' to Battle 'Skyline' in Court". moviefone.com. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  23. ^ Belloni, Matthew (March 17, 2011). "Sony Settles Dispute With 'Skyline' Directors Over 'Battle: LA' Special Effects". The Hollywood Reporter (Hollywood, Esq. blog). Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Battle: Los Angeles Soundtrack". BrianTyler.com. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  25. ^ Soundtrack review for Battle: Los Angeles. Tracksounds. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  26. ^ "Battle: Los Angeles game announced". Digital Spy. March 4, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2011. 
  27. ^ March 10, 2011 (March 10, 2011). "Battle: Los Angeles Interview With Aaron Eckhart in High Definition". G4tv.com. Retrieved March 23, 2011. 
  28. ^ a b "BATTLE: LOS ANGELES – Worldwide Theatrical Release Dates". Jabcat on Movies. Retrieved 20112-06-17.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  29. ^ a b c "Battle: Los Angeles Own It On Blu-ray, Combo Pack & DVD". Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. Retrieved 2012-06-17. 
  30. ^ "Battle: Los Angeles VOD Format". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-06-17. 
  31. ^ Bradley, Dan (April 8, 2013). "Sony Dates 4K Mastered Blu-ray Titles Including The Amazing Spider-Man and Ghostbusters". TheHDRoom. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Battle: Los Angeles Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2011. 
  33. ^ "Battle: Los Angeles Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic.com. March 11, 2011. Retrieved March 23, 2011. 
  34. ^ a b Ebert, Roger (March 9, 2011). Battle: Los Angeles. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  35. ^ Lane, Anthony (March 21, 2011). "“Battle: Los Angeles” and “Paul,” review". The New Yorker. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
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  37. ^ Scott, A.O. (March 10, 2011). City of Angels Resists Becoming City of Aliens (the Outer-Space Type). The New York Times. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  38. ^ Bowles, Scott (March 11, 2011). Been there, fought that in 'Battle: Los Angeles'. USA Today. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
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  41. ^ LaSalle, Micke (March 11, 2011). Battle: Los Angeles review. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  42. ^ Newman, Kim (March 11, 2011). Battle: Los Angeles. Empire. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  43. ^ Floyd, Nigel (March 16, 2011). Battle: Los Angeles Review. Time Out. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  44. ^ Smith, Neil (March 10, 2011). Fight them on the beaches, dude.... Total Film. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  45. ^ Phillips, Michael (March 10, 2011). Cliches abound, but 'Battle: Los Angeles' prevails. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  46. ^ Burr, Ty (March 11, 2011). The sands of Santa Monica: ‘Los Angeles’ is viscerally gripping, if full of war-movie cliches. The Boston Globe. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  47. ^ Ogle, Connie (March 10, 2011). The latest invasion of Earth by aliens isn't memorable, but you won't be bored.. The Miami Herald. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  48. ^ "Alma Awards Recipients". Alma Awards. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  49. ^ "BMI Film TV Awards". BMI. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  50. ^ "Weekend Report: 'Battle' Erupts, 'Red,' 'Mars' Stumble". Box Office Mojo. March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 23, 2011. 
  51. ^ "June 3–5, 2011 Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2012-06-17. 
  52. ^ "Battle: Los Angeles (2011)". Box Office Mojo. April 5, 2011. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2011. 
  53. ^ "‘Battle: Los Angeles’ sequel? Aaron Eckhart is ready ‘to wear the uniform again’". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  54. ^ Weintraub, Steve. "Director Jonathan Liebesman Talks WRATH OF THE TITANS and the BATTLE LOS ANGELES Sequel". Collider. Retrieved April 14, 2012. 

External links[edit]