World record progression 100 metres backstroke

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This is a history of the 100 m backstroke world record as swum in both long-course (50 m; Olympic) pools and short-course (25 m) pools—the two categories recognized/tracked by FINA.

Graphic data for World Record Progression in Men and Women Swimming 50m-100m-200m Long and Short Course Butterfly-Backstroke-Breaststroke-Freestyle

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Place
1:02.2 Australia David Theile December 6, 1956 Australia Melbourne, Australia
1:01.5 Australia John Monckton February 15, 1958 Australia Melbourne, Australia
1:01.3 United States Bob Bennett August 19, 1961 United States Los Angeles, USA
1:01.0 United States Tom Stock August 11, 1962 United States Cuyahoga Falls, USA
1:00.9 United States Tom Stock August 12, 1962 United States Cuyahoga Falls, USA
1:00.8 West Germany Ernst-Joachim Küppers August 28, 1964 West Germany Dortmund, West Germany
1:00.0 United States Thompson Mann September 3, 1964 United States New York City, USA
59.6 United States Thompson Mann October 16, 1964 Japan Tokyo, Japan
59.5 United States Doug Russell August 28, 1967 Japan Tokyo, Japan
59.3 United States Charlie Hickcox August 28, 1967 Japan Tokyo, Japan
59.1 United States Charlie Hickcox August 31, 1967 Japan Tokyo, Japan
58.4 East Germany Roland Matthes September 21, 1967 East Germany Leipzig, East Germany
58.0 East Germany Roland Matthes October 26, 1968 Mexico Mexico City, Mexico
57.8 East Germany Roland Matthes August 23, 1969 Germany Würzburg, West Germany
56.9 East Germany Roland Matthes September 8, 1970 Spain Barcelona, Spain
56.7 East Germany Roland Matthes September 4, 1971 East Germany Leipzig, East Germany
56.3 East Germany Roland Matthes April 8, 1972 Soviet Union Moscow, USSR
56.30 East Germany Roland Matthes September 4, 1972 Germany Munich, West Germany
56.19 United States John Naber July 18, 1976 Canada Montreal, Canada
55.49 United States John Naber July 19, 1976 Canada Montreal, Canada
55.44 United States Rick Carey August 6, 1983 United States Clovis, California, USA
55.38 United States Rick Carey August 6, 1983 United States Clovis, California, USA
55.19 United States Rick Carey August 21, 1983 Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela
55.17 Soviet Union Igor Polyansky March 15, 1988 Soviet Union Tallinn, USSR
55.16 Soviet Union Igor Polyansky March 16, 1988 Soviet Union Tallinn, USSR
55.00 Soviet Union Igor Polyansky July 16, 1988 Soviet Union Moscow, USSR
54.95 United States David Berkoff August 12, 1988 United States Austin, Texas, USA
54.91 United States David Berkoff August 12, 1988 United States Austin, Texas, USA
54.51 United States David Berkoff September 24, 1988 South Korea Seoul, South Korea
53.93 United States Jeff Rouse August 25, 1991 Canada Edmonton, Canada
53.86 United States Jeff Rouse July 31, 1992 Spain Barcelona, Spain
53.60 United States Lenny Krayzelburg August 24, 1999 Australia Sydney, Australia
53.45 United States Aaron Peirsol August 21, 2004 Greece Athens, Greece
53.17 United States Aaron Peirsol April 2, 2005 United States Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
52.98 United States Aaron Peirsol March 27, 2007 Australia Melbourne, Australia
52.89 United States Aaron Peirsol July 1, 2008 United States Omaha, Nebraska, USA
52.54 United States Aaron Peirsol August 12, 2008 China Beijing, China
52.38 Spain Aschwin Wildeboer July 1, 2009 Italy Pescara, Italy
51.94 United States Aaron Peirsol July 8, 2009 United States Indianapolis, Indiana, USA

Short course[edit]

Time Swimmer[1] Date Place
53.98[2] Canada Mark Tewksbury July 30, 1992[3] Spain Barcelona, Spain
51.28 United States Lenny Krayzelburg 2000
50.75 United States Neil Walker March 19, 2000 Greece Athens, Greece
50.58 Germany Thomas Rupprath December 8, 2002 Australia Melbourne, Australia
50.32 United States Peter Marshall March 26, 2004 United States New York City, United States
49.99 United States Ryan Lochte April 9, 2006 China Shanghai, China
49.94 United States Peter Marshall November 11, 2008 Sweden Stockholm, Sweden
49.63 United States Peter Marshall November 15, 2008 Germany Berlin, Germany
49.32 Russia Stanislav Donets December 14, 2008 Croatia Rijeka, Croatia
49.20 Spain Aschwin Wildeboer December 21, 2008 Spain Madrid, Spain
49.17 Russia Arkady Vyatchanin December 12, 2009 Turkey Istanbul, Turkey
48.97 Russia Arkady Vyatchanin
Russia Stanislav Donets
December 13, 2009 Turkey Istanbul, Turkey
48.94 United States Nick Thoman December 18, 2009 United Kingdom Manchester, England

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Meet Place
1:07.7 United States Cathy Ferguson October 14, 1964 Olympic Games Japan Tokyo, Japan
1:07.4 South Africa Ann Farlie July 23, 1966 France Béziers, France
1:07.3 Canada Elaine Tanner July 27, 1967 Canada Winnipeg, Canada
1:07.1 Canada Elaine Tanner July 30, 1967 Canada Winnipeg, Canada
1:06.7 South Africa Karen Muir January 30, 1968 South Africa Kimberley, South Africa
1:06.4 South Africa Karen Muir April 6, 1968 France Paris, France
1:06.2 United States Kaye Hall October 23, 1968 Olympic Games Mexico Mexico City, Mexico
1:05.6 South Africa Karen Muir July 6, 1969 Netherlands Utrecht, Netherlands
1:05.39 East Germany Ulrike Richter August 18, 1973 Netherlands Utrecht, Netherlands
1:04.99r East Germany Ulrike Richter September 4, 1973 World Championships Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Belgrade, Yugoslavia
1:04.78 Canada Wendy Cook January 31, 1974 New Zealand Christchurch, New Zealand
1:04.43 East Germany Ulrike Richter July 8, 1974 East GermanyRostock, East Germany
1:04.09 East Germany Ulrike Richter August 22, 1974 Austria Vienna, Austria
1:03.30 East Germany Ulrike Richter August 23, 1974 Austria Vienna, Austria
1:02.98 East Germany Ulrike Richter September 1, 1974 United States Concord, California, USA
1:02.60 East Germany Ulrike Richter March 14, 1976 Soviet Union Tallinn, USSR
1:01.62 East Germany Kornelia Ender June 3, 1976 East Germany Berlin, East Germany
1:01.51 East Germany Ulrike Richter June 5, 1976 East Germany Berlin, East Germany
1:01.51e East Germany Rica Reinisch July 20, 1980 Olympic Games Soviet Union Moscow, USSR
1:01.50 East Germany Rica Reinisch July 22, 1980 Olympic Games Soviet Union Moscow, USSR
1:00.86 East Germany Rica Reinisch July 23, 1980 Olympic Games Soviet Union Moscow, USSR
1:00.59r East Germany Ina Kleber August 24, 1984 Friendship Games Soviet Union Moscow, USSR
1:00.31 Hungary Krisztina Egerszegi August 22, 1991 European Championships Greece Athens, Greece
1:00.16r China He Cihong September 10, 1994 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy
59.58 United States Natalie Coughlin August 13, 2002 U.S. National Swimming Championships United States Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA
59.44 United States Natalie Coughlin March 27, 2007 World Championships Australia Melbourne, Australia
59.21 United States Natalie Coughlin February 17, 2008 Missouri Grand Prix United States Columbia, Missouri, United States
59.15 United States Hayley McGregory June 30, 2008 USA Olympic Trials United States Omaha, Nebraska, United States
59.03 United States Natalie Coughlin June 30, 2008 USA Olympic Trials United States Omaha, Nebraska, United States
58.97 United States Natalie Coughlin July 1, 2008 USA Olympic Trials United States Omaha, Nebraska, United States
58.77 Zimbabwe Kirsty Coventry August 11, 2008 Olympic Games China Beijing, China
58.48 Russia Anastasia Zuyeva July 27, 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy
58.12 United Kingdom Gemma Spofforth July 28, 2009 World Championships Italy Rome, Italy

Short course[edit]

Time Swimmer[4] Date Place
59.41 United States Angel Martino November 21, 1993 Norway Stavanger, Norway
58.50 United States Angel Martino December 3, 1993 Spain Palma de Mallorca, Spain
58.45 Japan Reiko Nakamura March 4, 2001 Japan Sagamihara, Japan
57.08 United States Natalie Coughlin November 29, 2001 United States East Meadow, New York, United States
56.71 United States Natalie Coughlin November 23, 2002 United States New York City, United States
56.51 United States Natalie Coughlin October 28, 2007 Singapore Singapore
56.15 Japan Shiho Sakai February 22, 2009 Japan Tokyo, Japan
55.23 Japan Shiho Sakai November 15, 2009 Germany Berlin, Germany
55.03 Hungary Katinka Hosszú December 4, 2014 Qatar Doha, Qatar

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sports123.com tracking page of men's short-course World Record in the 100 back.
  2. ^ Swimming Canada. "Mark Tewksbury". Swimming Canada. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  3. ^ conacher-rosenfeld.ca. "Winners: Mark Tewksbury, Swimming". conacher-rosenfeld.ca. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Sport123.com's tracking of the women's short-course 100m back World Record.