World record progression 200 metres backstroke

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Graphs of the progression of the World Records in all four strokes (50 m, 100 m and 200 m distances).

This is a history of the progression of the world record for the 200-meter backstroke event. It is a listing of the fastest-time-ever swum in the event, in both long course (50-meter) and short course (25-meter) swimming pools. These records are maintained/recognized by FINA, which oversees international competitive swimming and aquatics.

The long course records are historically older than the short course records; the latter having only been recognized since the early 1990s.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
2:18.5 = Stack, AllenAllen Stack United States United States 4 May 1949 - New Haven, United States [1][2]
2:18.3 Bozon, GilbertGilbert Bozon France France 26 June 1953 - Algiers, Algeria [1]
2:18.8 Monckton, JohnJohn Monckton Australia Australia 15 January 1958 - Sydney, Australia [1]
2:18.4 Monckton, JohnJohn Monckton Australia Australia 18 February 1958 - Melbourne, Australia [1]
2:17.9 McKinney, FrankFrank McKinney United States United States 12 July 1959 - Los Altos ! Los Altos, United States [1][3]
2:17.8 McKinney, FrankFrank McKinney United States United States 25 July 1959 - Osaka, Japan [1][4]
2:17.6 Bittick, ChuckChuck Bittick United States United States 26 June 1960 - Los Angeles, United States [1]
2:16.0 Stock, TomTom Stock United States United States 24 July 1960 - Toledo ! Toledo, United States [1]
2:13.2 Stock, TomTom Stock United States United States 2 July 1961 - Chicago, United States [1]
2:11.5 Stock, TomTom Stock United States United States 20 August 1961 - Los Angeles, United States [1]
2:10.9 Stock, TomTom Stock United States United States 10 August 1962 - Cuyahoga Falls, United States [1]
2:10.3 Graef, JedJed Graef United States United States 13 October 1964 1964 Summer Olympics Tokyo, Japan [1]
2:09.4 Hickcox, CharlesCharles Hickcox United States United States 29 August 1967 1967 Summer Universiade Tokyo, Japan [1]
2:07.9 Matthes, RolandRoland Matthes East Germany East Germany 8 November 1967 - Leipzig, East Germany [1]
2:07.5 Matthes, RolandRoland Matthes East Germany East Germany 14 August 1968 - Leipzig, East Germany [1]
2:07.4 Matthes, RolandRoland Matthes East Germany East Germany 12 July 1969 - Santa Clara ! Santa Clara, United States [1][5]
2:06.6 Hall, GaryGary Hall United States United States 14 August 1969 - Louisville, United States [1]
2:06.6 = Matthes, RolandRoland Matthes East Germany East Germany 29 August 1969 - Berlin, West Germany [1]
2:06.3 Stamm, MikeMike Stamm United States United States 20 August 1970 - Los Angeles, United States [1]
2:06.1 Matthes, RolandRoland Matthes East Germany East Germany 11 September 1970 - Barcelona, Spain [1]
2:05.6 Matthes, RolandRoland Matthes East Germany East Germany 3 September 1971 - Leipzig, East Germany [1]
2:02.8 Matthes, RolandRoland Matthes East Germany East Germany 10 July 1972 - Leipzig, East Germany [1]
2:02.8 = Matthes, RolandRoland Matthes East Germany East Germany 2 September 1972 1972 Summer Olympics Munich, West Germany [1]
2:01.87 Matthes, RolandRoland Matthes East Germany East Germany 6 September 1973 - Belgrade, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia [1]
2:00.64 Naber, JohnJohn Naber United States United States 19 June 1976 - Long Beach, United States [1]
1:59.19 Naber, JohnJohn Naber United States United States 27 July 1976 1976 Summer Olympics Montreal, Canada [1]
1:58.93 Carey, RickRick Carey United States United States 3 August 1983 1983 U.S. Summer Nationals Clovis, United States [1][6]
1:58.86 Carey, RickRick Carey United States United States 27 June 1984 1984 U.S. Olympic Trials Indianapolis, United States [1]
1:58.41 Zabolotnov, SergeiSergei Zabolotnov Soviet Union Soviet Union 21 August 1984 - Moscow, Soviet Union [1]
1:58.14 Polyansky, IgorIgor Polyansky Soviet Union Soviet Union 3 March 1985 - Erfurt, East Germany [1]
1:57.30 Zubero, MartinMartin Zubero Spain Spain 13 August 1991 1991 U.S. Summer Nationals Fort Lauderdale, United States [1][7]
1:56.57 Zubero, MartinMartin Zubero Spain Spain 23 November 1991 Alabama LC Invitational Tuscaloosa, United States [1][8]
1:55.87 Krayzelburg, LennyLenny Krayzelburg United States United States 27 August 1999 1999 Pan Pacific Championships Sydney, Australia [1]
1:55.15 Peirsol, AaronAaron Peirsol United States United States 20 March 2002 U.S. Spring Nationals Minneapolis, United States [1]
1:54.74 Peirsol, AaronAaron Peirsol United States United States 12 July 2004 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, United States [1]
1:54.66 Peirsol, AaronAaron Peirsol United States United States 29 July 2005 2005 World Championships Montreal, Canada [1]
1:54.44 Peirsol, AaronAaron Peirsol United States United States 19 August 2006 2006 Pan Pacific Championships Victoria, Canada
1:54.32 Lochte, RyanRyan Lochte United States United States 30 March 2007 2007 World Championships Melbourne, Australia
1:54.32 = Peirsol, AaronAaron Peirsol United States United States 4 July 2008 2008 U.S. Olympic Trials Omaha, United States
1:53.94 Lochte, RyanRyan Lochte United States United States 15 August 2008 2008 Summer Olympics Beijing, China
1:53.08 Peirsol, AaronAaron Peirsol United States United States 11 July 2009 2009 U.S. Summer Nationals Indianapolis, United States
1:51.92 Peirsol, AaronAaron Peirsol United States United States 31 July 2009 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT  ? ?, ?? ?  ? 1 March 1991
01 1:52.51 Lopez-Zubero, MartinMartin Lopez-Zubero Spain Spain 10 April 1991  ? [9]
02 1:52.47 Krayzelburg, LennyLenny Krayzelburg United States United States 18 November 1999 World Cup meet College Park, United States [10]
03 1:52.43 Krayzelburg, LennyLenny Krayzelburg United States United States 6 February 2000 World Cup meet Berlin, Germany [11]
04 1:51.62 Welsh, MattMatt Welsh Australia Australia 13 October 2000  ? Melbourne, Australia
05 1:51.62 = Kožulj, GordanGordan Kožulj Croatia Croatia 21 January 2001  ? Berlin, Germany
06 1:51.17 Peirsol, AaronAaron Peirsol United States United States 7 April 2002 Short Course Worlds Moscow, Russia
07 1:50.52 Peirsol, AaronAaron Peirsol United States United States 11 October 2004 Short Course Worlds Indianapolis, United States
08 1:50.43 Rogan, MarkusMarkus Rogan Austria Austria 8 December 2005 Short Course Europeans Trieste, Italy
09 1:49.05 Lochte, RyanRyan Lochte United States United States 9 April 2006 Short Course Worlds Shanghai, China
10 1:47.84 Rogan, MarkusMarkus Rogan Austria Austria 13 April 2008 Short Course Worlds Manchester, United Kingdom
11 1:47.08 Du Rand, GeorgeGeorge Du Rand South Africa South Africa 7 November 2009 World Cup meet Moscow, Russia
12 1:46.11 Vyatchanin, ArkadyArkady Vyatchanin Russia Russia 15 November 2009 World Cup meet Berlin, Germany
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
01 2:39.9 Gould, PhillipaPhillipa Gould New Zealand New Zealand 16 Jan 1957  ? Auckland, New Zealand [12]
02 2:38.5 de Nijs, LenieLenie de Nijs Netherlands Holland 17 May 1957  ? Blackpool, United Kingdom
03 2:37.4 von Saltza, ChrisChris von Saltza United States USA 1 Aug 1958  ? Topeka, United States
04 2:37.1 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 12 Jul 1959  ? Tokyo, Japan
05 2:34.8 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 2 Apr 1960  ? Tokyo, Japan
06 2:33.5 Burke, LynnLynn Burke United States USA 15 Jul 1960  ? Indianapolis, United States
07 2:33.3 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 23 Jul 1960  ? Tokyo, Japan
08 2:33.2 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 30 Jul 1961  ? Tokyo, Japan
09 2:32.1 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 3 Jun 1962  ? Beppu, Japan
10 2:31.6 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 29 Jul 1962  ? Osaka, Japan
11 2:29.6 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 10 Feb 1963  ? Sydney, Australia
12 2:28.9 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 18 Feb 1963  ? Perth, Australia
13 2:28.5 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 21 Feb 1963  ? Perth, Australia
14 2:28.2 Tanaka, SatokoSatoko Tanaka Japan Japan 4 Aug 1963  ? Tokyo, Japan
15 2:27.4 Ferguson, CathyCathy Ferguson United States USA 28 Sep 1964  ? Los Angeles, United States
16 2:27.1 Muir, KarenKaren Muir South Africa South Africa 25 Jul 1966  ? Béziers, France
17 2:26.4 Muir, KarenKaren Muir South Africa South Africa 18 Aug 1966  ? Lincoln, United States
18 2:24.4 Tanner, ElaineElaine Tanner Canada Canada 26 Jul 1967  ? Winnipeg, Canada
19 2:24.1 Muir, KarenKaren Muir South Africa South Africa 6 Jan 1968  ? Kimberley, South Africa
20 2:23.8 Muir, KarenKaren Muir South Africa South Africa 21 Jul 1968  ? Los Angeles, United States
21 2:21.5 Atwood, SusieSusie Atwood United States USA 14 Aug 1968  ? Louisville, United States
22 2:20.64 Belote, MelissaMelissa Belote United States USA 5 Aug 1972  ? Chicago, United States
23 2:20.58 Belote, MelissaMelissa Belote United States USA 4 Sep 1972 Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
24 2:19.19 Belote, MelissaMelissa Belote United States USA 4 Sep 1972 Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
25 2:18.41 Richter, UlrikeUlrike Richter East Germany East Germany 7 Jul 1974  ? Rostock, East Germany
26 2:17.35 Richter, UlrikeUlrike Richter East Germany East Germany 25 Aug 1974  ? Vienna, Austria
27 2:16.33 Garapick, NancyNancy Garapick Canada Canada 27 Apr 1975  ? Brantford, Canada
28 2:16.10 Treiber, BirgitBirgit Treiber East Germany East Germany 6 Jun 1975  ? Wittenberg, East Germany
29 2:15.46 Treiber, BirgitBirgit Treiber East Germany East Germany 27 Jul 1975 World Championships Cali, Colombia
30 2:14.41 Stille, AntjeAntje Stille East Germany East Germany 29 Feb 1976  ? East Berlin, East Germany
31 2:13.50 Stille, AntjeAntje Stille East Germany East Germany 13 Mar 1976  ? Tallinn, Soviet Union
32 2:12.47 Treiber, BirgitBirgit Treiber East Germany East Germany 4 Jun 1976  ? East Berlin, East Germany
33 2:11.93 Jezek, LindaLinda Jezek United States USA 28 Aug 1978 World Championships West Berlin, West Germany
34 2:11.77 Reinisch, RicaRica Reinisch East Germany East Germany 27 Jul 1980 Olympic Games Moscow, Soviet Union
35 2:09.91 Sirch, CorneliaCornelia Sirch East Germany East Germany 8 Aug 1982 World Championships Guayaquil, Ecuador
36 2:08.60 Mitchell, BetsyBetsy Mitchell United States USA 27 Jun 1986 U.S. Swimming World Championship Trials Orlando, United States
37 2:06.62 Egerszegi, KrisztinaKrisztina Egerszegi Hungary Hungary 25 Aug 1991 European Championships Athens, Greece
38 2:06.39 Coventry, KirstyKirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 16 Feb 2008 USA Grand Prix meet Columbia, United States
39 2:06.09 Hoelzer, MargaretMargaret Hoelzer United States USA 5 Jul 2008 USA Olympic Trials Omaha, United States
40 2:05.24 Coventry, KirstyKirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 16 Aug 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [13]
41 2:04.81 Coventry, KirstyKirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
42 2:04.06 Franklin, MissyMissy Franklin United States USA 3 Aug 2012 2012 Summer Olympics London, United Kingdom
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT  ? ?, ?? ?  ? 1 Mar 1991 World Cup Berlin, Germany
01 2:06.09 He, CihongCihong He China China 5 Dec 1993 World Championships Palma de Mallorca, Spain [14]
02 2:05.83 Stoney, ClementineClementine Stoney Australia Australia 4 Aug 2001 Australia Championships Perth, Australia [14]
03 2:04.44 Price, SaraSara Price United Kingdom Great Britain 5 Aug 2001 Australia Championships Perth, Australia [14]
04 2:03.62 Coughlin, NatalieNatalie Coughlin United States USA 27 Nov 2001 World Cup East Meadow, United States
05 2:03.24 Nakamura, ReikoReiko Nakamura Japan Japan 23 Feb 2008 Japan Open 2008 Tokyo, Japan
06 2:00.91 Coventry, KirstyKirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 11 Apr 2008 World Championships Manchester, United Kingdom
07 2:00.18 Sakai, ShihoShiho Sakai Japan Japan 14 Nov 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany
08 2:00.03 Franklin, MissyMissy Franklin United States USA 22 Oct 2011 World Cup Berlin, Germany
09 1:59.23 WR Hosszú, KatinkaKatinka Hosszú  Hungary 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [15]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj International Swimming Hall of Fame, Current Exhibits, World Records: Men - 200m Backstroke. Archived July 16, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  2. ^ Associated Press, "Sets Swim Record," The Ottawa Journal (May 5, 1949). Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  3. ^ United Press International, "Paddler Sets Record in Back Event," The Salt Lake Tribune, p. 26 (July 13, 1959). Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  4. ^ Associated Press, "U.S. Swimmers Take Early Lead in Jap Swimming Meet," The Ogden Standard-Examiner, p. 2B (July 26, 1959). Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  5. ^ "Roland Matthes Being Embraced by Opponent in Pool". Corbis Images. July 12, 1969. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Rick Carey replaces John Naber as 200-meter back record holder," The Tuscaloosa News (August 3, 1983).
  7. ^ Associated Press, "Swimming National Meet: Barrowman, Zubero get world marks," Los Angeles Times (August 14, 1991). Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  8. ^ "200-meter Backstroke record falls to former UF swimmer," Orlando Sentinel (November 25, 1991). Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  9. ^ (scm-m) This Day in Sports History April 10; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  10. ^ (scm-m) Three World Records set at World Cup. Published by Swimming World Magazine on 1999-11-20; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  11. ^ (scm-m) Krayzelburg sets another swim record, Associated Press. Published by the Los Angeles Times on 2000-02-07; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  12. ^ International Swimming Hall of Fame, Current Exhibits, World Records: Women - 200m Backstroke. Archived July 16, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  13. ^ (lcm-w) "Women's 200m Backstroke: Coventry finally wins gold". Beijing 2008. 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 
  14. ^ a b c (scm-w) Swimming: Price breaks short-course world record, by Astrid Andersson, The Telegraph. Published 2011-08-05; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  15. ^ "Women's 200m Backstroke Results". Omega Timing. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014.