World record progression 200 metres backstroke

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Graphs of the progression of the World Records in all four strokes (50 m, 100 m and 200 m distances).

This is a history of the progression of the World Record for the Swimming event: the 200 Backstroke. It is a listing of the fastest-time-ever swum in the event, in both long course (50 m) and short course (25 m) swimming pool. These records are maintained/recognized by FINA, which oversees international competitive swimming and Aquatics.

The long course records are historically older[1] than the short course records; the latter having only been recognized since the early 1990s.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
01  2:02.82  =
Matthes , Roland Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 2 Sep 1972 Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
02  2:01.87  Matthes , Roland Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 6 Sep 1973  ? Belgrade, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
03  2:00.64  Naber , John John Naber United States USA 19 Jun 1976  ? Long Beach, United States
04  1:59.19  Naber , John John Naber United States USA 27 Jul 1976 Olympic Games Montreal, Canada
05  1:58.93  Carey , Rick Rick Carey United States USA 3 Aug 1983 USA Summer Nationals Clovis, United States [2]
06  1:58.86  Carey , Rick Rick Carey United States USA 27 Jun 1984 USA Olympic Trials Indianapolis, United States
07  1:58.41  Zabolotnov , Sergei Sergei Zabolotnov Soviet Union Soviet Union 21 Aug 1984  ? Moscow, Soviet Union
08  1:58.14  Polyansky , Igor Igor Polyansky Soviet Union Soviet Union 3 Mar 1985  ? Erfurt, East Germany
09  1:57.30  Zubero , Martin Martin Zubero Spain Spain 13 Aug 1991 USA Summer Nationals Fort Lauderdale, United States [3]
10  1:56.57  Zubero , Martin Martin Zubero Spain Spain 23 Nov 1991 Alabama LC Invitational Tuscaloosa, United States [4]
11  1:55.87  Krayzelburg , Lenny Lenny Krayzelburg United States USA 27 Aug 1999 Pan Pacific Championships Sydney, Australia
12  1:55.15  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol United States USA 20 Mar 2002 USA Spring Nationals Minneapolis, United States
13  1:54.74  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol United States USA 12 Jul 2004 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, United States
14  1:54.66  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol United States USA 29 Jul 2005 World Championships Montreal, Canada
15  1:54.44  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol United States USA 19 Aug 2006 Pan Pacific Championships Victoria, Canada
16  1:54.32  Lochte , Ryan Ryan Lochte United States USA 30 Mar 2007 World Championships Melbourne, Australia
17  1:54.32  =
Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol United States USA 4 Jul 2008 USA Olympic Trials Omaha, United States
18  1:53.94  Lochte , Ryan Ryan Lochte United States USA 15 Aug 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China
19  1:53.08  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol United States USA 11 Jul 2009 USA Summer Nationals Indianapolis, United States
20  1:51.92  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol United States USA 31 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT  ?  ? ,  ? ? ?  ? 1 Mar 1991
01  1:52.51  Lopez-Zubero , Martin Martin Lopez-Zubero Spain Spain 10 Apr 1991  ? [5]
02  1:52.47  Krayzelburg , Lenny Lenny Krayzelburg United States USA 18 Nov 1999 World Cup meet College Park, United States [6]
03  1:52.43  Krayzelburg , Lenny Lenny Krayzelburg United States USA 6 Feb 2000 World Cup meet Berlin, Germany [7]
04  1:51.62  Welsh , Matt Matt Welsh Australia Australia 13 Oct 2000  ? Melbourne, Australia
05  1:51.62  =
Kožulj , Gordan Gordan Kožulj Croatia Croatia 21 Jan 2001  ? Berlin, Germany
06  1:51.17  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol United States USA 7 Apr 2002 Short Course Worlds Moscow, Russia
07  1:50.52  Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol United States USA 11 Oct 2004 Short Course Worlds Indianapolis, United States
08  1:50.43  Rogan , Markus Markus Rogan Austria Austria 8 Dec 2005 Short Course Europeans Trieste, Italy
09  1:49.05  Lochte , Ryan Ryan Lochte United States USA 9 Apr 2006 Short Course Worlds Shanghai, China
10  1:47.84  Rogan , Markus Markus Rogan Austria Austria 13 Apr 2008 Short Course Worlds Manchester, United Kingdom
11  1:47.08  Du Rand , George George Du Rand South Africa South Africa 7 Nov 2009 World Cup meet Moscow, Russia
12  1:46.11  Vyatchanin , Arkady Arkady Vyatchanin Russia Russia 15 Nov 2009 World Cup meet Berlin, Germany

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
01  2:39.9  Gould , Phillipa Phillipa Gould New Zealand New Zealand 16 Jan 1957  ? Auckland, New Zealand
02  2:38.5  de Nijs , Lenie Lenie de Nijs Netherlands Holland 17 May 1957  ? Blackpool, United Kingdom
03  2:37.4  von Saltza , Chris Chris von Saltza United States USA 1 Aug 1958  ? Topeka, United States
04  2:37.1  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 12 Jul 1959  ? Tokyo, Japan
05  2:34.8  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 2 Apr 1960  ? Tokyo, Japan
06  2:33.5  Burke , Lynn Lynn Burke United States USA 15 Jul 1960  ? Indianapolis, United States
07  2:33.3  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 23 Jul 1960  ? Tokyo, Japan
08  2:33.2  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 30 Jul 1961  ? Tokyo, Japan
09  2:32.1  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 3 Jun 1962  ? Beppu, Japan
10  2:31.6  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 29 Jul 1962  ? Osaka, Japan
11  2:29.6  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 10 Feb 1963  ? Sydney, Australia
12  2:28.9  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 18 Feb 1963  ? Perth, Australia
13  2:28.5  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 21 Feb 1963  ? Perth, Australia
14  2:28.2  Tanaka , Satoko Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 4 Aug 1963  ? Tokyo, Japan
15  2:27.4  Ferguson , Cathy Cathy Ferguson United States USA 28 Sep 1964  ? Los Angeles, United States
16  2:27.1  Muir , Karen Karen Muir South Africa South Africa 25 Jul 1966  ? Béziers, France
17  2:26.4  Muir , Karen Karen Muir South Africa South Africa 18 Aug 1966  ? Lincoln, United States
18  2:24.4  Tanner , Elaine Elaine Tanner Canada Canada 26 Jul 1967  ? Winnipeg, Canada
19  2:24.1  Muir , Karen Karen Muir South Africa South Africa 6 Jan 1968  ? Kimberley, South Africa
20  2:23.8  Muir , Karen Karen Muir South Africa South Africa 21 Jul 1968  ? Los Angeles, United States
21  2:21.5  Atwood , Susie Susie Atwood United States USA 14 Aug 1968  ? Louisville, United States
22  2:20.64  Belote , Melissa Melissa Belote United States USA 5 Aug 1972  ? Chicago, United States
23  2:20.58  Belote , Melissa Melissa Belote United States USA 4 Sep 1972 Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
24  2:19.19  Belote , Melissa Melissa Belote United States USA 4 Sep 1972 Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
25  2:18.41  Richter , Ulrike Ulrike Richter East Germany East Germany 7 Jul 1974  ? Rostock, East Germany
26  2:17.35  Richter , Ulrike Ulrike Richter East Germany East Germany 25 Aug 1974  ? Vienna, Austria
27  2:16.33  Garapick , Nancy Nancy Garapick Canada Canada 27 Apr 1975  ? Brantford, Canada
28  2:16.10  Treiber , Birgit Birgit Treiber East Germany East Germany 6 Jun 1975  ? Wittenberg, East Germany
29  2:15.46  Treiber , Birgit Birgit Treiber East Germany East Germany 27 Jul 1975 World Championships Cali, Colombia
30  2:14.41  Stille , Antje Antje Stille East Germany East Germany 29 Feb 1976  ? East Berlin, East Germany
31  2:13.50  Stille , Antje Antje Stille East Germany East Germany 13 Mar 1976  ? Tallinn, Soviet Union
32  2:12.47  Treiber , Birgit Birgit Treiber East Germany East Germany 4 Jun 1976  ? East Berlin, East Germany
33  2:11.93  Jezek , Linda Linda Jezek United States USA 28 Aug 1978 World Championships West Berlin, West Germany
34  2:11.77  Reinisch , Rica Rica Reinisch East Germany East Germany 27 Jul 1980 Olympic Games Moscow, Soviet Union
35  2:09.91  Sirch , Cornelia Cornelia Sirch East Germany East Germany 8 Aug 1982 World Championships Guayaquil, Ecuador
36  2:08.60  Mitchell , Betsy Betsy Mitchell United States USA 27 Jun 1986 U.S. Swimming World Championship Trials Orlando, United States
37  2:06.62  Egerszegi , Krisztina Krisztina Egerszegi Hungary Hungary 25 Aug 1991 European Championships Athens, Greece
38  2:06.39  Coventry , Kirsty Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 16 Feb 2008 USA Grand Prix meet Columbia, United States
39  2:06.09  Hoelzer , Margaret Margaret Hoelzer United States USA 5 Jul 2008 USA Olympic Trials Omaha, United States
40  2:05.24  Coventry , Kirsty Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 16 Aug 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [8]
41  2:04.81  Coventry , Kirsty Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
42  2:04.06  Franklin , Missy Missy Franklin United States USA 3 Aug 2012 2012 Summer Olympics London, United Kingdom

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT  ?  ? ,  ? ? ?  ? 1 Mar 1991 World Cup Berlin, Germany
01  2:06.09  He , Cihong Cihong He China China 5 Dec 1993 Short Course Worlds Palma de Mallorca, Spain [9]
02  2:05.83  Stoney , Clementine Clementine Stoney Australia Australia 4 Aug 2001 Australia 25m Championships Perth, Australia [9]
03  2:04.44  Price , Sara Sara Price United Kingdom Great Britain 5 Aug 2001 Australia 25m Championships Perth, Australia [9]
04  2:03.62  Coughlin , Natalie Natalie Coughlin United States USA 27 Nov 2001 World Cup East Meadow, United States
05  2:03.24  Nakamura , Reiko Reiko Nakamura Japan Japan 23 Feb 2008 Japan Open 2008 Tokyo, Japan
06  2:00.91  Coventry , Kirsty Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 11 Apr 2008 Short Course Worlds Manchester, United Kingdom
07  2:00.18  Sakai , Shiho Shiho Sakai Japan Japan 14 Nov 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany
08  2:00.03  Franklin , Missy Missy Franklin United States USA 22 Oct 2011 World Cup Berlin, Germany

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ (lcm-w) World Record Progression: Women's 200 Back (long course). Published by the International Swimming Hall of Fame; retrieved 2012-04-15.
  2. ^ (lcm-m) Rick Carey replaces John Naber as 200-meter back record holder. Published by The Tuscaloosa News on 1983-08-03.
  3. ^ (lcm-m) Swimming National Meet: Barrowman, Zubero get world marks, Associated Press. Published by the Los Angeles Times on 1991-08-14; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  4. ^ (lcm-m) 200-meter Backstroke record falls to former UF swimmer. Published by the Orlando Sentinel on 1991-11-25; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  5. ^ (scm-m) This Day in Sports History April 10; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  6. ^ (scm-m) Three World Records set at World Cup. Published by Swimming World Magazine on 1999-11-20; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  7. ^ (scm-m) Krayzelburg sets another swim record, Associated Press. Published by the Los Angeles Times on 2000-02-07; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  8. ^ (lcm-w) "Women's 200m Backstroke: Coventry finally wins gold". Beijing 2008. 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 
  9. ^ a b c (scm-w) Swimming: Price breaks short-course world record, by Astrid Andersson, The Telegraph. Published 2011-08-05; retrieved 2012-04-14.