World record progression 200 metres freestyle

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Graphs of the progression of the World Records in all four strokes (50m, 100m and 200m distances).

This is a history of the progression of the World Record for the Swimming event: the 200 Freestyle. It is a listing of the fastest-time-ever swum in the event, in both long course (50m) and short course (25m) swimming pool. These records are maintained/recognized by FINA, which oversees international competitive swimming and Aquatics.

The drop in world record times in the 2008/2009 coincided with the introduction of polyurethane suits from Speedo (LZR, 50% polyurethane) in 2008 and by Arena (X-Glide), Adidas (Hydrofoil) and Italian swimming suit manufacturer Jaked (all 100% polyurethane) in 2009. FINA's ban on non-textile suit came into effect on January 2010.[1] FINA also release a list of approved suits.

The long course records are historically older than the short course records; the latter having only been recognized since the early 1990s.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# TIME SWIMMER DATE EVENT PLACE
000 2:28.62:28.6 Lane, FreddyAustralia Freddy Lane 18 August 1902 ? United Kingdom Weston-super-Mare, United Kingdom [2]
000 2:26.82:26.8 Halmay, ZoltanHungary Zoltan Halmay 28 June 1908 ? Hungary Budapest, Hungary ?
011 2:31.62:31.6 Scheff, OttoAustria Otto Scheff 11 November 1908 ? Austria Vienna, Austria ?
022 2:30.02:30.0 Beaurepaire, FrankAustralia Frank Beaurepaire 9 September 1910 ? United Kingdom Exeter, United Kingdom ?
033 2:25.42:25.4 Daniels, CharlesUnited States Charles Daniels 28 March 1911 ? United States Pittsburgh, United States ?
044 2:21.62:21.6 Ross, NormanUnited States Norman Ross 24 November 1916 ? United States San Francisco, United States ?
055 2:19.82:19.8 Cann, TedfordUnited States Tedford Cann 10 April 1920 ? United States Detroit, United States ?
066 2:15.62:15.6 Weissmuller, JohnnyUnited States Johnny Weissmuller 26 May 1922 ? United States Honolulu, United States ?
077 2:15.22:15.2 Weissmuller, JohnnyUnited States Johnny Weissmuller 9 December 1925 ? United States McKeesport, United States ?
088 2:08.02:08.0 Weissmuller, JohnnyUnited States Johnny Weissmuller 5 April 1927 ? United States Ann Arbor, United States ?
099 2:07.22:07.2 Medica, JackUnited States Jack Medica 12 April 1935 ? United States Chicago, United States ?
1010 2:06.22:06.2 Smith, BillUnited States Bill Smith 12 February 1944 ? United States Columbus, United States ?
1111 2:05.42:05.4 Jany, AlexFrance Alex Jany 20 September 1946 ? France Marseille, France ?
1212 2:04.62:04.6 Marshall, JohnAustralia John Marshall 31 March 1950 Yale (?) United States New Haven, United States ?
1313 2:03.92:03.9 Konno, FordUnited States Ford Konno 27 February 1954 ? United States Columbus, United States ?
1414 2:03.42:03.4 Wardrop, JohnUnited Kingdom Jack Wardrop 4 March 1955 ? United States Columbus, United States ?
1515 2:01.52:01.5 Hanley, RichardUnited States Dick Hanley 8 March 1957 ? United States Minneapolis, United States ?
1616 2:04.82:04.8 Konrads, JohnAustralia John Konrads 18 January 1958 ? Australia Sydney, Australia ?
1717 2:03.22:03.2 Konrads, JohnAustralia John Konrads 5 May 1958 ? Australia Sydney, Australia ?
1818 2:03.02:03.0 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka 22 August 1958 ? Japan Osaka, Japan ?
1919 2:02.22:02.2 Konrads, JohnAustralia John Konrads 16 January 1959 ? Australia Sydney, Australia ?
2020 2:01.52:01.5 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka 26 July 1959 ? Japan Osaka, Japan ?
2121 2:01.22:01.2 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka 24 June 1961 ? Japan Osaka, Japan ?
2222 2:01.12:01.1 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka 6 August 1961 ? Japan Tokyo, Japan ?
2323 2:00.42:00.4 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka 20 August 1961 ? United States Los Angeles, United States ?
2423= 2:00.42:00.4 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 11 August 1962 ? ? ?
2424 2:00.32:00.3 Windle, BobAustralia Bob Windle 21 April 1963 ? Japan Tokyo, Japan ?
2525 1:58.81:58.8 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 27 July 1963 5th Annual Los Angeles Invitiational United States Los Angeles, United States [3]
2626 1:58.51:58.5 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 17 August 1963 6th US-Japan swimming and diving meet Japan Tokyo, Japan [4]
2727 1:58.41:58.4 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 24 August 1963 ? Japan Osaka, Japan ?
2828 1:58.21:58.2 Klein, Hans-JoachimWest Germany Hans-Joachim Klein 24 May 1964 ? West Germany Dortmund, West Germany ?
2929 1:57.61:57.6 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 1 August 1964 ? United States Los Altos, United States ?
3030 1:57.21:57.2 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 29 July 1966 ? United States Los Angeles, United States ?
3131 1:56.21:56.2 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 19 August 1966 ? United States Lincoln, United States ?
3232 1:56.01:56.0 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 29 July 1967 Pan-American Games Canada Winnipeg, Canada ?
3333 1:55.71:55.7 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 12 August 1967 AAU Nationals United States Oak Park, United States ?
3434 1:54.81:54.8 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 30 August 1968 USA Olympic Trials (elec. 1:54.89) United States Long Beach, United States ?
3435 1:54.31:54.3 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander 30 August 1968 USA Olympic Trials (elec. 1:54.28) United States Long Beach, United States ?
3535= 1:54.31:54.3 Spitz, MarkUnited States Mark Spitz 12 July 1969 Santa Clara Invitational United States Santa Clara, United States ?
3536 1:54.21:54.2 Spitz, MarkUnited States Mark Spitz 4 September 1971 USAvGDR Duel East Germany Leipzig, East Germany ?
3637 1:53.51:53.5 Spitz, MarkUnited States Mark Spitz 10 September 1971 USAvUSSRvGBR Meet (1st leg relay) Soviet Union Minsk, Belorussian SSR, Soviet Union ?
3738 1:52.781:52.78 Spitz, MarkUnited States Mark Spitz 29 August 1972 1972 Summer Olympics West Germany Munich, West Germany ?
3839 1:51.661:51.66 Shaw, TimUnited States Tim Shaw 23 August 1974 AAU Senior National Outdoor Swimming Championships United States Concord, United States ?
3940 1:51.411:51.41 Furniss, BruceUnited States Bruce Furniss 18 June 1975 USA World Championship Trials United States Long Beach, United States ?
4041 1:50.891:50.89 Furniss, BruceUnited States Bruce Furniss 18 June 1975 USA World Championship Trials United States Long Beach, United States ?
4142 1:50.321:50.32 Furniss, BruceUnited States Bruce Furniss 21 August 1975 AAU Senior National Outdoor Swimming Championships United States Kansas City, United States ?
4243 1:50.291:50.29 Furniss, BruceUnited States Bruce Furniss 19 July 1976 1976 Summer Olympics Canada Montreal, Canada ?
4344 1:49.831:49.83 Kopliakov, SergeySoviet Union Sergey Kopliakov 7 April 1979 URSvGDR Junior meet East Germany Potsdam, East Germany ?
4445 1:49.161:49.16 Gaines, RowdyUnited States Rowdy Gaines 11 April 1980 AAU Senior National Indoor Championships United States Austin, United States ?
4546 1:48.931:48.93 Gaines, RowdyUnited States Rowdy Gaines 19 July 1982 USA World Championship Trials United States Mission Viejo, United States ?
4647 1:48.281:48.28 Groß, MichaelWest Germany Michael Groß 21 June 1983 FRG Nationals & European Championship Trials West Germany Hanover, West Germany ?
4748 1:47.871:47.87 Groß, MichaelWest Germany Michael Groß 22 August 1983 European Swimming Championships Italy Rome, Italy ?
4849 1:47.551:47.55 Groß, MichaelWest Germany Michael Groß 8 June 1984 FRG Olympic Trials West Germany Munich, West Germany ?
4950 1:47.441:47.44 Groß, MichaelWest Germany Michael Groß 29 July 1984 1984 Summer Olympics United States Los Angeles, United States ?
5051 1:47.251:47.25 Armstrong, DuncanAustralia Duncan Armstrong 19 September 1988 1988 Summer Olympics South Korea Seoul, South Korea ?
5152 1:46.691:46.69 Lamberti, GiorgioItaly Giorgio Lamberti 15 August 1989 European Swimming Championships West Germany Bonn, West Germany ?
5253 1:46.671:46.67 Hackett, GrantAustralia Grant Hackett 23 March 1999 Australian Championships (1st leg relay) Australia Brisbane, Australia ?
5354 1:46.341:46.34 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe 23 August 1999 1999 Pan Pacific Championships Australia Sydney, Australia ?
5455 1:46.001:46.00 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe 24 August 1999 1999 Pan Pacific Championships Australia Sydney, Australia ?
5556 1:45.691:45.69 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe 14 May 2000 2000 Australian Olympic Swimming Trials Australia Sydney, Australia ?
5657 1:45.511:45.51 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe 15 May 2000 2000 Australian Olympic Swimming Trials Australia Sydney, Australia ?
5758 1:45.351:45.35 Van den Hoogenband, PieterNetherlands Pieter van den Hoogenband 17 September 2000 2000 Summer Olympics Australia Sydney, Australia ?
5858= 1:45.351:45.35 Van den Hoogenband, PieterNetherlands Pieter van den Hoogenband 18 September 2000 2000 Summer Olympics Australia Sydney, Australia ?
5959 1:44.691:44.69 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe 27 March 2001 2001 Australian Championships & World Championship Trials Australia Hobart, Australia [5]
6060 1:44.061:44.06 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe 25 July 2001 2001 FINA World Championships Japan Fukuoka, Japan ?
6161 1:43.861:43.86 Phelps, MichaelUnited States Michael Phelps 27 March 2007 2007 FINA World Championships Australia Melbourne, Australia [6]
6262 1:42.961:42.96 Phelps, MichaelUnited States Michael Phelps 12 August 2008 2008 Summer Olympics China Beijing, China [7]
6363 1:43.861:42.00 Biedermann, PaulGermany Paul Biedermann 28 July 2009 2009 FINA World Championships Italy Rome, Italy

Short course[edit]

# TIME SWIMMER DATE EVENT PLACE
011 1:43.641:44.50 Groß, MichaelGermany Michael Groß 1 December 1981 German Nationals Germany Bremen ?
012 1:43.641:44.14 Groß, MichaelGermany Michael Groß 5 February 1988 Coca-Cola Sponsored Meet France Boulogne-Billancourt ?
013 1:43.641:43.64 Lamberti, GiorgioItaly Giorgio Lamberti 11 February 1990 World Cup Germany Bonn, Germany ?
024 1:43.281:43.28 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe 1 April 1999 World SC Championships Hong Kong Hong Kong ?
035 1:42.541:42.54 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe 17 January 2000 FINA World Cup Australia Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
046 1:41.101:41.10 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe 6 February 2000 FINA World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany ?
057 1:40.831:40.83 Biedermann, PaulGermany Paul Biedermann 16 Nov 2008 FINA World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany ?
068 1:39.371:39.37 Biedermann, PaulGermany Paul Biedermann 15 Nov 2009 FINA World Cup Germany Berlin, Germany [8]

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# TIME SWIMMER DATE EVENT PLACE
011 2:56.02:56.0 Durack, FannyAustralia Fanny Durack 4 March 1915 ? Australia Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
022 2:47.62:47.6 Boyle, CharlotteUnited States Charlotte Boyle 25 August 1921 ? United States New Brighton, Minnesota, United States ?
033 2:45.22:45.2 Ederle, GertrudeUnited States Gertrude Ederle 4 April 1923 ? United States Brooklyn, New York, United States ?
044 2:40.62:40.6 Norelius, MarthaUnited States Martha Norelius 28 February 1926 ? United States Miami, Florida, United States ?
055 2:34.62:34.6 Madison, HeleneUnited States Helene Madison 6 March 1930 ? United States St. Augustine, Florida, United States ?
066 2:28.62:28.6 Den Ouden, WillyNetherlands Willy den Ouden 3 May 1933 ? Netherlands Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands ?
077 2:27.62:27.6 Den Ouden, WillyNetherlands Willy den Ouden 5 May 1934 ? United Kingdom Dundee, United Kingdom ?
088 2:25.32:25.3 Den Ouden, WillyNetherlands Willy den Ouden 8 September 1935 ? Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark ?
099 2:24.62:24.6 Van Veen, RieNetherlands Rie van Veen 26 February 1938 ? Netherlands Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands ?
1010 2:21.72:21.7 Hveger, RagnhildDenmark Ragnhild Hveger 11 September 1938 ? Denmark Aarhus, Aarhus County, Denmark ?
1111 2:20.72:20.7 Fraser, DawnAustralia Dawn Fraser 25 February 1956 ? Australia Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
1212 2:19.32:19.3 Crapp, LorraineAustralia Lorraine Crapp 25 August 1956 ? Australia Townsville, Queensland, Australia ?
1313 2:18.52:18.5 Crapp, LorraineAustralia Lorraine Crapp 20 October 1956 ? Australia Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
1414 2:17.72:17.7 Fraser, DawnAustralia Dawn Fraser 10 February 1958 ? Australia Adelaide, South Australia, Australia ?
1515 2:14.72:14.7 Fraser, DawnAustralia Dawn Fraser 22 February 1958 ? Australia Melbourne, Victoria, Australia ?
1616 2:11.62:11.6 Fraser, DawnAustralia Dawn Fraser 27 February 1960 ? Australia Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
1717 2:10.52:10.5 Watson, LillianUnited States Lillian Watson 19 August 1966 ? United States Lincoln, Nebraska, United States ?
1818 2:09.72:09.7 Kruse, PamUnited States Pam Kruse 19 August 1967 AAU Nationals United States Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States ?
1919 2:09.52:09.5 Pedersen, SusanUnited States Susan Pedersen 6 July 1968 Santa Clara Invitational United States Santa Clara, California, United States ?
2020 2:08.82:08.8 Wetzel, EdithUnited States Edith Wetzel 2 August 1968 AAU Nationals United States Lincoln, Nebraska, United States ?
2121 2:07.92:07.9 Gustavson, LindaUnited States Linda Gustavson 24 August 1968 USA Olympic Trials United States Los Angeles, California, United States [9]
2222 2:06.72:06.7 Meyer, DebbieUnited States Debbie Meyer 24 August 1968 USA Olympic Trials (elec. 2:06.86) United States Los Angeles, California, United States [9]
2323 2:06.52:06.5 Gould, ShaneAustralia Shane Gould 1 May 1971 Coca Cola International United Kingdom London, United Kingdom ?
2424 2:05.82:05.8 Gould, ShaneAustralia Shane Gould 26 November 1971 ? Australia Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
2525 2:05.212:05.21 Babashoff, ShirleyUnited States Shirley Babashoff 4 August 1972 USA Olympic Trials United States Chicago, Illinois, United States ?
2626 2:03.562:03.56 Gould, ShaneAustralia Shane Gould 1 September 1972 1972 Summer Olympics West Germany Munich, Bavaria, West Germany ?
2727 2:03.222:03.22 Ender, KorneliaEast Germany Kornelia Ender 22 August 1974 European Swimming Championships Austria Vienna, Austria ?
2828 2:02.942:02.94 Babashoff, ShirleyUnited States Shirley Babashoff 23 August 1974 AAU Senior National Outdoor Championships United States Concord, California, United States ?
2928= 2:02.942:02.94 Babashoff, ShirleyUnited States Shirley Babashoff 31 August 1974 USAvGDR Dual Meet United States Concord, California, United States ?
3029 2:02.272:02.27 Ender, KorneliaEast Germany Kornelia Ender 15 March 1975 GDRvURS Duel East Germany Dresden, Dresden, East Germany ?
3130 1:59.781:59.78 Ender, KorneliaEast Germany Kornelia Ender 2 June 1976 GDR Olympic Trials East Germany East Berlin, East Germany ?
3231 1:59.261:59.26 Ender, KorneliaEast Germany Kornelia Ender 22 July 1976 1976 Summer Olympics Canada Montreal, Quebec, Canada ?
3332 1:59.041:59.04 Krause, BarbaraEast Germany Barbara Krause 2 July 1978 GDR Nationals & World Championship Trials East Germany East Berlin, East Germany ?
3433 1:58.531:58.53 Woodhead, CynthiaUnited States Cynthia Woodhead 22 August 1978 FINA World Championships West Berlin West Berlin ?
3534 1:58.431:58.43 Woodhead, CynthiaUnited States Cynthia Woodhead 3 July 1979 Pan-American Games Puerto Rico San Juan, Puerto Rico ?
3635 1:58.231:58.23 Woodhead, CynthiaUnited States Cynthia Woodhead 3 September 1979 FINA World Cup Japan Tokyo, Japan ?
3736 1:57.751:57.75 Otto, KristinEast Germany Kristin Otto 23 May 1984 GDR Nationals East Germany Magdeburg, Magdeburg, East Germany ?
3837 1:57.551:57.55 Friedrich, HeikeEast Germany Heike Friedrich 18 June 1986 GDR Nationals & World Championship Trials East Germany East Berlin, East Germany ?
3938 1:56.781:56.78 Van Almsick, FranziskaGermany Franziska van Almsick 6 September 1994 1994 World Championships Italy Rome, Lazio, Italy ?
4039 1:56.641:56.64 Van Almsick, FranziskaGermany Franziska van Almsick 3 August 2002 2002 European Championships Germany Berlin, Germany ?
4140 1:56.471:56.47 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini 27 March 2007 2007 World Championships Australia Melbourne, Victoria, Australia [6]
4241 1:55.521:55.52 Manaudou, LaureFrance Laure Manaudou 28 March 2007 2007 World Championships Australia Melbourne, Victoria, Australia [10]
4342 1:55.451:55.45 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini 11 August 2008 2008 Summer Olympics China Beijing, China
4443 1:54.821:54.82 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini 13 August 2008 2008 Summer Olympics China Beijing, China
4544 1:54.471:54.47 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini 8 March 2009 Italian Championships Italy Riccione, Italy [11]
4645 1:53.671:53.67 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini 28 July 2009 2009 World Championships Italy Roma, Italy
4646 1:52.981:52.98 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini 29 July 2009 2009 World Championships Italy Roma, Italy

Short course[edit]

# TIME SWIMMER DATE EVENT PLACE
011 1:55.841:55.84 Van Almsick, FranziskaGermany Franziska van Almsick 9 January 1993 World Cup China Beijing, PR China ?
022 1:55.421:55.42 Poll, ClaudiaCosta Rica Claudia Poll 1 December 1995 World SC Championships Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ?
033 1:54.171:54.17 Poll, ClaudiaCosta Rica Claudia Poll 18 April 1997 World SC Championships Sweden Gothenburg, Västergötland, Sweden ?
044 1:54.041:54.04 Benko, LindsayUnited States Lindsay Benko 7 April 2002 2002 Short Course World Championships Russia Moscow, Central Federal District, Russia ?
055 1:53.291:53.29 Benko, LindseyAustralia Libby Lenton 19 November 2005 2005/2006 FINA Swimming World Cup Series Australia Sydney, New South Wales, Australia [12]
066 1:53.181:53.18 Balmy, CoralieFrance Coralie Balmy 6 December 2008 2008 French Short Course Championships France Angers, France [13]
077 1:51.851:51.85 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini 14 December 2008 2008 European Short Course Championships Croatia Rijeka, Croatia [14]
088 1:51.171:51.17 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini 13 December 2009 2009 European Short Course Championships Turkey Istanbul, Turkey [15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hi-tech suits banned from January". BBC News/BBC Sport. 2009-07-31. Archived from the original on 31 July 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "World Record Progression". Ishof.org. Retrieved 2012-08-11. 
  3. ^ "Schollander sets world swim mark". The New York Times. Associated Press. 1963-07-28. p. 16 of sports. 
  4. ^ "U.S. swimmers set 2 world records". The New York Times (UPI). 1963-08-18. pp. 1 and 12 of sports. 
  5. ^ Hanson, Ian (2001-03-27). "1:44.69 - 200m world record to Ian Thorpe". Swimming Australia. Archived from the original on 2007-09-16. Retrieved 2007-06-10. 
  6. ^ a b Paxinos, Stathi; Cowley, Michael (2007-03-28). "Jones and Phelps lead the way in records deluge". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2007-05-26. 
  7. ^ The Sydney Morning Herald. 2008-08-12 http://www.smh.com.au/news/swimming/three-down-five-to-go-for-us-superfish/2008/08/12/1218306830824.html |url= missing title (help). 
  8. ^ "Word Cup 2009 Berlin Results Men's 200m Freestyle". omegatiming.com. 2009-11-15. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  9. ^ a b "Two U.S. women set swim marks in Olympic Trials". The New York Times. 1968-08-25. pp. 1 and 11 of sports. 
  10. ^ Paxinos, Stathi (2007-03-29). "King of the pool does it again". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2007-05-26. 
  11. ^ "Pellegrini improves her 200 free world record". Associated Press. 2009-03-08. Retrieved 2009-03-08. [dead link]
  12. ^ Hanson, Ian (2005-11-19). "Lenton's slashing world record swim in Sydney". Swimming Australia. Archived from the original on 2007-09-08. Retrieved 2007-05-26. 
  13. ^ "Lane 9 News Archive: French Short Course Nationals: Pair of World Records Fall During Second Night". Swimmingworldmagazine.com. Retrieved 2012-08-11. 
  14. ^ http://www.omegatiming.com/swimming/racearchives/2008/rijeka2008/C73A1_Res1Heat_135_Finals_1_Women_200_Free.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.omegatiming.com/swimming/racearchives/2009/Istanbul/C73A1_Res1Heat_135_Finals_1_Women_200_Free.pdf