World record progression 400 metres individual medley

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The first world record in the 400 metres individual medley in long course (50 metres) swimming was recognized by the International Swimming Federation (FINA) in 1957, followed by the women a year later. In the short course (25 metres) swimming events the world's governing body recognizes world records since March 3, 1991.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Place
5:15.6 United States Gary Heinrich August 27, 1957 United States Philadelphia, United States
5:12.9 Soviet Union Vladimir Strushanov October 20, 1957 Soviet Union Moscow, Soviet Union
5:08.8 United Kingdom Ian Black June 6, 1959 United Kingdom Cardiff, United Kingdom
5:07.8 United States George Harrison June 24, 1960 United States Los Angeles, United States
5:05.3 United States George Harrison June 24, 1960 United States Los Angeles, United States
5:04.5 United States Dennis Rounsaville July 22, 1960 United States Toledo, United States
5:04.3 United States Ted Stickles July 1, 1961 United States Chicago, United States
4:55.6 United States Ted Stickles August 18, 1961 United States Los Angeles, United States
4:53.8 Germany Gerhard Hetz May 24, 1962 Soviet Union Moscow, Soviet Union
4:51.4 United States Ted Stickles June 30, 1962 United States Chicago, United States
4:51.0 United States Ted Stickles July 12, 1962 United States Louisville, United States
4:50.2 Germany Gerhard Hetz October 12, 1963 Japan Tokyo, Japan
4:48.6 United States Dick Roth July 31, 1964 United States Los Altos, United States
4:45.4 United States Dick Roth October 14, 1964 Japan Tokyo, Japan
4:45.3 Soviet Union Andrei Dunayev April 3, 1968 Soviet Union Tallinn, Soviet Union
4:45.1 United States Greg Buckingham July 6, 1968 United States Santa Clara, United States
4:43.4 United States Gary Hall, Sr. July 20, 1968 United States Los Angeles, United States
4:43.3 United States Charlie Hickcox August 30, 1968 United States Long Beach, United States
4:39.0 United States Charlie Hickcox August 30, 1968 United States Long Beach, United States
4:38.7 United States Gary Hall, Sr. July 11, 1969 United States Santa Clara, United States
4:33.9 United States Gary Hall, Sr. August 15, 1969 United States Louisville, United States
4:31.0 United States Gary Hall, Sr. August 21, 1970 United States Los Angeles, United States
4:30.81 United States Gary Hall, Sr. August 3, 1972 United States Chicago, United States
4:28.89 Hungary András Hargitay August 20, 1974 Austria Vienna, Austria
4:26.00 Hungary Zoltán Verraszto April 2, 1976 United States Long Beach, United States
4:23.68 United States Rod Strachan July 25, 1976 Canada Montreal, Canada
4:23.39 United States Jesse Vassallo August 4, 1978 United States The Woodlands, United States
4:20.05 United States Jesse Vassallo August 28, 1978 Germany West Berlin, West Germany
4:19.78 Brazil Ricardo Prado August 8, 1982 Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador
4:19.61 East Germany Jens-Peter Berndt May 23, 1984 East Germany Magdeburg, East Germany
4:17.53 Canada Alex Baumann June 17, 1984 Canada Etobicoke, Canada
4:17.41 Canada Alex Baumann July 30, 1984 United States Los Angeles, United States
4:16.12 United States David Wharton August 14, 1987 Australia Brisbane, Australia
4:15.42 Hungary Tamás Darnyi August 19, 1987 France Strasbourg, France
4:14.75 Hungary Tamás Darnyi September 21, 1988 South Korea Seoul, South Korea
4:12.36 Hungary Tamás Darnyi January 08, 1991 Australia Perth, Australia
4:12.30 United States Tom Dolan September 11, 1994 Italy Rome, Italy
4:11.76 United States Tom Dolan September 17, 2000 Australia Sydney, Australia
4:11.09 United States Michael Phelps August 15, 2002 United States Fort Lauderdale, United States
4:10.73 United States Michael Phelps April 7, 2003 United States Indianapolis, United States
4:09.09 United States Michael Phelps July 27, 2003 Spain Barcelona, Spain
4:08.41 United States Michael Phelps July 7, 2004 United States Long Beach, United States
4:08.26 United States Michael Phelps August 14, 2004 Greece Athens, Greece
4:06.22 United States Michael Phelps April 1, 2007 Australia Melbourne, Australia
4:05.25 United States Michael Phelps June 29, 2008 United States Omaha, United States
4:03.84[1] United States Michael Phelps August 10, 2008 China Beijing, China

Short course[edit]

Time Swimmer Nationality Date Location
4:08.77 Sacchi, LucaLuca Sacchi  Italy February 28, 1992 United Kingdom Sheffield, United Kingdom
4:07.10 Sievinen, JaniJani Sievinen  Finland February 9, 1993 Sweden Malmö, Sweden
4:06.03 Sievinen, JaniJani Sievinen  Finland January 20, 1996 Finland Lappeenranta, Finland
4:05.59 Wouda, MarcelMarcel Wouda  Netherlands February 1, 1997 Germany Gelsenkirchen, Germany
4:05.41 Wouda, MarcelMarcel Wouda  Netherlands February 8, 1997 France Paris, France
4:04.24 Dunn, MatthewMatthew Dunn  Australia September 24, 1998 Australia Perth, Australia
4:02.72 Johns, BrianBrian Johns  Canada February 23, 2003 Canada Victoria, Canada
4:00.37 Cseh, LászlóLászló Cseh  Hungary December 9, 2005 Italy Trieste, Italy
3:59.33 Cseh, LászlóLászló Cseh  Hungary December 14, 2007 Hungary Debrecen, Hungary
3:57.27 Cseh, LászlóLászló Cseh  Hungary December 11, 2009 Turkey Istanbul, Turkey
3:55.50 Lochte, RyanRyan Lochte  United States December 16, 2010 United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Place
5:46.6 United States Sylvia Ruuska June 27, 1958 United States Los Angeles, United States
5:43.7 United States Sylvia Ruuska August 1, 1958 United States Topeka, United States
5:41.1 United States Sylvia Ruuska February 24, 1959 Australia Melbourne, Australia
5:40.2 United States Sylvia Ruuska July 17, 1959 United States Redding, United States
5:36.5 United States Donna de Varona July 15, 1960 United States Indianapolis, United States
5:34.5 United States Donna de Varona August 11, 1961 United States Philadelphia, United States
5:29.7 United States Donna de Varona June 2, 1962 United States Los Altos, United States
5:27.4 United States Sharon Finneran July 26, 1962 Japan Osaka, Japan
5:24.7 United States Donna de Varona July 26, 1962 Japan Osaka, Japan
5:21.9 United States Sharon Finneran July 28, 1962 Japan Osaka, Japan
5:16.5 United States Donna de Varona March 10, 1964 Peru Lima, Peru
5:14.9 United States Donna de Varona August 30, 1964 United States New York City, United States
5:11.7 United States Claudia Kolb July 9, 1967 United States Santa Clara, United States
5:09.7 United States Claudia Kolb August 1, 1967 Canada Winnipeg, Canada
5:08.2 United States Claudia Kolb August 19, 1967 United States Philadelphia, United States
5:04.7 United States Claudia Kolb August 24, 1968 United States Los Angeles, United States
5:02.97 Australia Gail Neall July 9, 1972 Germany Munich, West Germany
5:01.10 East Germany Angela Franke August 18, 1973 Netherlands Utrecht, Netherlands
4:57.51 East Germany Gudrun Wegner September 6, 1973 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Belgrade, Yugoslavia
4:52.42 East Germany Ulrike Tauber August 21, 1974 Austria Vienna, Austria
4:52.20 East Germany Ulrike Tauber June 7, 1975 Germany Wittenberg, West Germany
4:48.79 East Germany Birgit Treiber June 1, 1976 East Germany East Berlin, East Germany
4:42.77 East Germany Ulrike Tauber July 24, 1976 Canada Montreal, Canada
4:40.83 United States Tracy Caulkins August 23, 1978 Germany West Berlin, West Germany
4:39.96 East Germany Petra Schneider March 30, 1980 Soviet Union Leningrad, Soviet Union
4:38.44 East Germany Petra Schneider May 27, 1980 East Germany Magdeburg, East Germany
4:36.29 East Germany Petra Schneider July 26, 1980 Soviet Union Moscow, Soviet Union
4:36.10 East Germany Petra Schneider August 1, 1982 Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador
4:34.79 China Chen Yan October 13, 1997 China Shanghai, PR China
4:33.59 Ukraine Yana Klochkova September 16, 2000 Australia Sydney, Australia
4:32.89 United States Katie Hoff April 1, 2007 Australia Melbourne, Australia
4:31.46 Australia Stephanie Rice March 22, 2008 Australia Sydney, Australia
4:31.12 United States Katie Hoff June 29, 2008 United States Omaha, United States
4:29.45 Australia Stephanie Rice August 10, 2008 China Beijing, China
4:28.43 China Ye Shiwen July 28, 2012 United Kingdom London, United Kingdom

Short course[edit]

Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
 4:29.00  Guohong , Dai Dai Guohong China China 2 December 1993 Short Course Worlds Palma de Mallorca, Spain
 4:27.83  Klochkova , Yana Yana Klochkova Ukraine Ukraine 20 January 2002 World Cup meet Paris, France
 4:26.52  Coventry , Kirsty Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 9 April 2008 Short Course Worlds Manchester, United Kingdom
 4:25.87  Smit , Julia Julia Smit United States USA 28 November 2008 Canada Cup Toronto, Canada
 4:25.06  Belmonte , Mireia Mireia Belmonte Spain Spain 14 December 2008 Short Course Europeans Rijeka, Croatia
 4:22.80  Meaklim , Kathryn Kathryn Meaklim South Africa South Africa 22 November 2009 World Cup meet Singapore
 4:21.04  Smit , Julia Julia Smit United States USA 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom
 4:20.85  Hosszú , Katinka Katinka Hosszú  Hungary 11 Aug 2013 World Cup Berlin, Germany [2]

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Swimming Men's 400m Individual Medley Results". Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad. 2008-08-10. 
  2. ^ "Women's 400m Individual medley Result". Omega Timing. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.