Wormwood Street is a short street in the City of London which runs between London Wall at its western end and a junction with Bishopsgate and Camomile Street in the east. It is a dual carriageway which forms part of the A1211 route between Barbican and Whitechapel.
The name of the street refers to a plant called wormwood which used to grow on the London Wall and in other areas of wasteland in the City. Wormwood Street's course follows the line of a sector of the original city wall, the wall forming the rear of the buildings on the north side of the street.
It escaped destruction in the Great Fire of 1666 but had to be extensively redeveloped after suffering severe damage in an IRA bombing in 1993. The bomb exploded on Bishopsgate near its junction with Wormwood Street.
Archaeological investigations by the Museum of London Archaeology Service undertaken during the reconstruction after the bombing discovered a coin in the remains of London Wall that led to the date of construction to be reappraised to preceding the year 180.
- Weinreb and Hibbert 1983: 973
- London's wall "older than was thought" British Archeology 33 April 1998
Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert (1983) "Wormwood Street" in The London Encyclopedia. Macmillan: London and Basingstoke.
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