Worth Matravers

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Worth Matravers
Worth Matravers.JPG
Village pond, Worth Matravers
Worth Matravers is located in Dorset
Worth Matravers
Worth Matravers
 Worth Matravers shown within Dorset
Population 644 (parish)
OS grid reference SY975775
Civil parish Worth Matravers
District Purbeck
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SWANAGE
Postcode district BH19
Dialling code 01929
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South Dorset
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°35′50″N 2°02′12″W / 50.59722°N 2.03668°W / 50.59722; -2.03668

Worth Matravers is a village and civil parish in the English county of Dorset. The village is situated on the cliffs west of Swanage. It comprises limestone cottages and farm houses and is built around a pond, which is a regular feature on postcards of the Isle of Purbeck.

The civil parish stretches from the coast northwards to, and just beyond, the A351 road from Corfe Castle to Swanage. The village of Worth Matravers is situated on side roads towards the south of the parish, which also includes the village of Harman's Cross on the main road to the north.[1]

The cliffs of Worth Matravers were the site of a Chain Home radar station during World War II, which was instrumental in the development of radar when the Telecommunications Research Establishment outstation shared the site from 1940 until 1942 when it was relocated to Malvern, Worcestershire. [2]

Geography[edit]

To the south of Worth Matravers village are the limestone cliffs of the English Channel coast. These are situated on the South West Coast Path.

This coastline is popular with tourists in the Summer months, with the rocky beaches of Winspit, Seacombe and Chapman's Pool situated within walking distance of the village.

To the north of the village and parish are the chalk Purbeck Hills. Many tourists pass through this area on the Swanage Railway, a steam locomotive operated heritage railway. Harman's Cross railway station on that railway is within the parish, but a significant distance from the village of Worth Matravers.

The parish has an area of 10.98 square kilometres. At the time of the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 644 living in 341 dwellings. The parish forms part of the Purbeck local government district. It is within the South Dorset constituency of the House of Commons and the South West England constituency of the European Parliament.[1][3][4]

Economy[edit]

Traditionally the village's economy was based on farming, quarrying and fishing. Today[when?], two quarries - Swanworth and St. Aldhelm's - are still in operation, with Swanworth due to close within the next five years[when?]. Both arable and pasture farming are still central to the village's economy.

Places of interest[edit]

The Square and Compass

A monument on St Aldhelm's head, about a mile from the village, commemorates the development of radar by the Telecommunications Research Establishment at RAF Worth Matravers which was also one of the Chain Home radar stations during World War II, which proved decisive in the allied victory of that war. A Royal Observer Corps[1] monitoring post is situated in the lay-bye on the road to Worth Matravers.

About a mile from the village is Winspit, an old quarry on the cliffs. This was used as a filming location for an episode of Blake's 7 and also in two Doctor Who stories.

On the bluff of the headland is the Norman Saint Aldhelm's Chapel dedicated to St Aldhelm, Bishop of Sherborne.

The village is also well known for the Square and Compass, a Grade II listed public house, which has operated since 1793.[5] It is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors.[6] It holds an annual week-long stone carving festival and accommodates a small museum exhibiting fossils and other local artefacts.

Miscellaneous[edit]

The tomb of Benjamin Jesty
  • The tombs of Benjamin Jesty, a farmer who is reported to have vaccinated his family against Smallpox having made the same observations as Edward Jenner and a while earlier, but kept quiet about it, and his wife are side by side in the churchyard. Jesty's family may be the first recorded deliberate attempt to induce immunity to Smallpox using Cowpox, or it may have been a more widespread activity prior to its systematisation.
  • The first President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom Lord Phillips, took Worth Matravers as part of his title.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b OS Explorer Map OL15 - Purbeck & South Dorset. Ordnance Survey. 2006. ISBN 978-0-319-23865-3. 
  2. ^ http://www.purbeckradar.org.uk/purbeck/index.htm
  3. ^ "Worth Matravers - Dorset For You". Dorset For You Partnership. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  4. ^ "Parish Statistics". Purbeck District Council. 2007-01-11. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-12. 
  5. ^ English Heritage, "Bridge Inn, Topsham (1151928)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 19 August 2014 
  6. ^ Brandwood, Geoff (2013). Britain's best real heritage pubs. St. Albans: CAMRA. p. 36-37. ISBN 9781852493042. 

External links[edit]