Worth syndrome

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Worth syndrome
Classification and external resources
OMIM 144750
DiseasesDB 32107

Worth syndrome, also known as benign form of Worth hyperostosis corticalis generalisata with torus platinus, autosomal dominant osteosclerosis, autosomal dominant endosteal hyperostosis or Worth disease,[1][2] is a rare autosomal dominant congenital disorder that is caused by a mutation in the LRP5 gene.[3] It is characterized by increased bone density and benign bony structures on the palate.[1][3][4][5]

Cause and Genetics[edit]

Worth syndrome has an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.

Worth syndrome is caused by a mutation in the LRP5 gene, located on human chromosome 11q13.4.[3][6] The disorder is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion.[1] This indicates that the defective gene responsible for a disorder is located on an autosome (chromosome 11 is an autosome), and only one copy of the defective gene is sufficient to cause the disorder, when inherited from a parent who has the disorder.

History[edit]

The condition was first reported by H. M. Worth in 1966. In 1977, two doctors, R.J. Gorlin and L. Glass, distinguished the syndrome from van Buchem disease. In 1987 a group of Spanish doctors pointed out that the condition may not be benign, and may sometimes cause nerve damage.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Online 'Mendelian Inheritance in Man' (OMIM) 144750
  2. ^ DDB 32107
  3. ^ a b c Van Wesenbeeck L, Cleiren E, Gram J, et al. (March 2003). "Six novel missense mutations in the LDL receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) gene in different conditions with an increased bone density" (Free full text). Am. J. Hum. Genet. 72 (3): 763–771. doi:10.1086/368277. PMC 1180253. PMID 12579474. 
  4. ^ "Worth Syndrome". Retrieved September 12, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Worth's Syndrome". Medcyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved September 12, 2010. 
  6. ^ Online 'Mendelian Inheritance in Man' (OMIM) 603506