Worthing Tabernacle

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Worthing Tabernacle
The church from the west
50°48′53″N 0°22′16″W / 50.8148°N 0.3712°W / 50.8148; -0.3712Coordinates: 50°48′53″N 0°22′16″W / 50.8148°N 0.3712°W / 50.8148; -0.3712
Location 64 Chapel Road, Worthing, West Sussex BN11 1BN
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Evangelical
Website www.worthingtab.org.uk
History
Founded 1895 (in Montague Street)
Founder(s) C. Douglas Crouch
Events 1895: Founded in former Independent chapel in Montague Street
1908: Moved to Chapel Road
Architecture
Status Chapel
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II-listed
Designated 2 December 1988
Architect(s) James Lund
Style Gothic/Romanesque Revival
Completed 1908

Worthing Tabernacle is an independent Evangelical Christian church in the town and borough of Worthing, one of seven local government districts in the English county of West Sussex. The present building, with its distinctive pale stone exterior and large rose window, dates from 1908, but the church was founded in 1895 in a chapel built much earlier in the 19th century during a period when the new seaside resort's population was growing rapidly. In its present form, the church is affiliated with the Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches. English Heritage has listed the building at Grade II for its architectural and historical importance.

History[edit]

Many places of worship were founded in Worthing after its incorporation as a town in 1803: the following decades were a period of rapid growth as a prestigious seaside resort.[1][2] One such chapel was built in 1839—probably by Charles Hide, a locally important architect and builder—on Montague Street (the old road to Heene),[3] for independent (non-denominational) Christian worship.[4] The chapel was known as the Tabernacle. It later became associated with Calvinism and Congregationalist worship, and was also used briefly in 1854 as an Anglican church[5] (during which time it was temporarily dedicated to St John the Baptist).[6] By 1893, when local architect Resta Moore had designed a new Classical-style façade, the building had been renamed Montague Hall (and later St James's Hall) and had been used for many purposes: it held concerts, theatre productions and lectures as well as the religious services of various Christian denominations.[4][5][7]

A wide, flat-roofed shop with a pediment. The lower storey has a black shopfront with plate glass windows; the upper storey has three wide rectangular windows. All exposed areas of wall are painted white.
Worthing Tabernacle was founded in Montague Hall in 1895.

C. Douglas Crouch, originally from Bromley in Kent, was a pastor at Worthing Baptist Church, which was founded in Montague Hall in 1879 and moved to a new building two years later.[8] He left the church in 1895 and founded a new independent church—the Worthing Tabernacle—in Montague Hall.[4][9] This was the building's final religious use: in 1908, it was bought by two musician brothers who turned it into a shop and concert hall.[3][3] In that year, architect James Lund was commissioned to design a new chapel for the congregation. A site on Chapel Road, near St Paul's Church, was chosen. The new building was registered for worship in 1908 in accordance with the Places of Worship Registration Act 1855, and has been used since then. Its number on the Worship Register is 43179.[10] The chapel was registered for the solemnisation of marriages from 6 August 1908, and the Montague Street chapel's registration was simultaneously cancelled.[11]

Worthing Tabernacle was listed at Grade II by English Heritage on 2 December 1988.[12] As of February 2001, it was one of 198 Grade II-listed buildings, and 213 listed buildings of all grades, in the Borough of Worthing.[13] (These totals have since changed because of new listings and delistings.)

Sunday services, meetings and other social events take place in the chapel, and groups meet for worship in private houses in the Worthing area.[14] The Tabernacle is also associated with the Maybridge Christian Fellowship, an Evangelical church founded in 1954 in Worthing's Maybridge estate.[15]

Architecture[edit]

Worthing Tabernacle has a distinctive exterior and an imposing, elaborate interior laid out like an auditorium.[4][6][12] James Lund combined the Gothic Revival and Romanesque Revival styles in his design,[7] and used pale stone rubble with Bath Stone quoins and dressings on the street frontage. The side and rear walls were executed in brick, and the building has a slate roof.[12] The façade is dominated by a large, twelve-lobed rose window which sits above a six-lancet range at first-floor level. Below this, and a thin stone course which separates the two floors, is a set of three narrow arched windows with a single window on each side. The façade is flanked by tapering buttresses which terminate in a pair of pinnacles alongside the gable end.[4][6][12] On each side of the buttresses are identical, partly recessed wings, shorter than the main façade, with round-arched entrance doors set below small gables and paired rectangular windows. The north and south sides, of dark brick with red-brick details, also have rounded lancet windows and gables.[12]

Inside, the "remarkable roof structure" is supported by ornate iron pillars which pierce the wooden galleries on each side and hold up the main beams.[7][16] These are topped by intricately designed capitals.[12] A partly granite chancel arch divides the interior into two bays. In the front bay, an elaborate double-deck pulpit, carved wooden galleries and pews survive from when the church was built.[12] To the rear of the chapel, a modern organ and case have replaced the original equipment, which was apparently retrieved from Walmer Castle in Kent.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Elleray 1998, p. 95.
  2. ^ Elleray 1977, Introduction.
  3. ^ a b c Elleray 1998, p. 102.
  4. ^ a b c d e Elleray 1998, p. 56.
  5. ^ a b Salzman, L. F. (ed) (1980). "A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 6 Part 1: Bramber Rape (Southern Part). Worthing: Protestant nonconformity". Victoria County History of Sussex. British History Online. pp. 122–125. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Elleray 1998, p. 49.
  7. ^ a b c Elleray 2004, p. 59.
  8. ^ Elleray 1998, p. 51.
  9. ^ Elleray 1977, §156.
  10. ^ Registered in accordance with the Places of Worship Registration Act 1855 (Number in Worship Register: 43179; Name: Worthing Tabernacle; Address: Chapel Road, Worthing; Denomination: Independent Evangelical Free Church). Retrieved 26 February 2013. (Archived version of list)
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28166. p. 5930. 11 August 1908. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g English Heritage. "The Worthing Tabernacle, 64, Chapel Road, Worthing  (Grade II) (1250845)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "Images of England — Statistics by County (West Sussex)". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "Church Profile". Worthing Tabernacle. 2012. Archived from the original on 26 February 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  15. ^ Elleray 1998, p. 53.
  16. ^ a b Elleray 1985, §63.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Elleray, D. Robert (1977). Worthing: a Pictorial History. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. ISBN 0-85033-263-X. 
  • Elleray, D. Robert (1985). Worthing: Aspects of Change. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. ISBN 0-85033-551-5. 
  • Elleray, D. Robert (1998). A Millennium Encyclopaedia of Worthing History. Worthing: Optimus Books. ISBN 0-9533132-0-4. 
  • Elleray, D. Robert (2004). Sussex Places of Worship. Worthing: Optimus Books. ISBN 0-9533132-7-1. 

External links[edit]