Worthington, Ohio

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Worthington, Ohio
City
High Street in 2010
High Street in 2010
Location of Worthington within Ohio
Location of Worthington within Ohio
Location of Worthington within Franklin County
Location of Worthington within Franklin County
Coordinates: 40°5′29″N 83°1′15″W / 40.09139°N 83.02083°W / 40.09139; -83.02083Coordinates: 40°5′29″N 83°1′15″W / 40.09139°N 83.02083°W / 40.09139; -83.02083
Country United States
State Ohio
County Franklin
Area[1]
 • Total 5.63 sq mi (14.58 km2)
 • Land 5.55 sq mi (14.37 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation[2] 863 ft (263 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 13,575
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 13,757
 • Density 2,445.9/sq mi (944.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 43085
Area code(s) 614
FIPS code 39-86604[5]
GNIS feature ID 1056581[2]

Worthington is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States, and is a northern suburb of the larger Columbus, Ohio. The population was 13,575 at the 2010 census. The city was founded in 1803 by the Scioto Company led by James Kilbourne, who was later elected to the United States House of Representatives, and named in honor of Thomas Worthington, who later became governor of Ohio.

History[edit]

First settlement[edit]

On May 5, 1802 a group of prospective settlers founded the Scioto Company at the home of Rev. Eber B. Clark in Granby, Connecticut for the purpose of forming a settlement between the Muskingum River and Great Miami River in the Ohio Country. James Kilbourne was elected president and Josiah Topping secretary (McCormick 1998:7). On August 30, 1802 James Kilbourne and Nathaniel Little arrived at Colonel Thomas Worthington's home in Chillicothe, Ohio. They tentatively reserved land along the Scioto River on the Pickaway Plains for their new settlement (McCormick 1998:17).

On October 5, 1802, the Scioto Company met in Granby, Connecticut and decided not to purchase the lands along the Scioto River on the Pickaway Plains, but rather to buy land 30 miles (48 km) farther north from Dr. John Stanbery and his partner, an American Revolutionary War general, Jonathan Dayton. Sixteen thousand acres (65 km²) were purchased along the Whetstone River (now known as the Olentangy River) at $1.50 per acre (McCormick 1998:19-27). This land was part of the United States Military District surveyed by Israel Ludlow in 1797 and divided into townships 5 miles (8.0 km) square.[6]

Organization[edit]

On May 7, 1803 James Kilbourne arrived at what is now Worthington to inspect the Scioto Company's purchase. A work party of seven hired laborers, paid $12 per month each, soon began work clearing the forest (McCormick 1998:29).

On August 10, 1803 the Scioto Company voted to name the village for Thomas Worthington, one of Ohio's first two senators, and for each member to contribute $2 (about four days wages) to support a library.

In September 1803 the first settlers departed Connecticut by horse. Ezra Griswold was the lone settler who traveled by oxcart. With this he is officially the first settler of Worthington, beating his fellow Company men to the site. By December 1803, Worthington was divided into 160, three quarter acre city lots with a 5-acre (20,000 m2) public green in the center of the village. Thirty seven persons bid between $53 and $0.25 to select a lot. Those who bid nothing were given a choice of the remaining lots. Farm lots, ranging from 20 to 130 acres (0.53 km2) and averaging 93 acres (380,000 m2), were sold off in the same way. Both the Episcopal Church and Worthington Academy were given an 80-acre (320,000 m2) farm lot and 20-acre (81,000 m2) wood lot to provide financial support.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 459
1890 341 −25.7%
1900 443 29.9%
1910 547 23.5%
1920 705 28.9%
1930 1,239 75.7%
1940 1,569 26.6%
1950 2,141 36.5%
1960 9,239 331.5%
1970 15,326 65.9%
1980 14,956 −2.4%
1990 14,869 −0.6%
2000 14,125 −5.0%
2010 13,575 −3.9%
Est. 2012 13,757 1.3%
Sources:[7][8][5][9]

Dissolution of the Company[edit]

By August 11, 1804 the plat maps were completed, payments or notes promising payments collected and deeds prepared for all sixteen thousand acres (65 km²) of the Scioto Company's purchase (McCormick 1998:71). On January 28, 1805, having completed its work of apportioning land and establishing the church, school and library, the Scioto Company was dissolved (McCormick 1998:76).

Incorporation[edit]

On February 20, 1808 the Worthington Academy was incorporated by the Ohio legislature and a brick building was constructed facing the northeast quadrant of the public square. Its bell now adorns Kilbourne Middle School. That same year James Kilbourne erected a commercial building for a newspaper. This building still stands at 679-681 High Street as the oldest commercial building in continuous use in the state.

In 1811, Ezra Griswold built a large south-facing brick tavern on the lot north of the northeast quadrant of the public square. That same year, the Orange Johnson house was constructed north of the Village Green.

War of 1812[edit]

During the War of 1812, several Worthington militia marched north with General William Hull's army and were surrendered at Detroit on August 12, 1812. Orders issued by General William Henry Harrison from "Northwest Army Headquarters, Worthington, Ohio" on October 28, 1812 indicate the commander, like his supply wagons, was using the road north from the capital. On September 7, 1814, Zophar Topping died while serving with Indian scouts. He was one of two Worthington casualties during the war along with Luther Palmer.[10]

Aurora Buttles House in Worthington, built in 1818

Growth[edit]

On May 24, 1813 James Kilbourne took a seat in the United States House of Representatives.

On August 25, 1817 President James Monroe visited Worthington. Also in 1817, Philander Chase moved to Worthington to become the first rector of St. John's Episcopal Church. He concurrently served as rector of Episcopal churches in Columbus and Delaware and as principal of the Worthington Academy. In June 1818, Rev. Chase was elected Bishop of the newly organized Episcopal Diocese of Ohio. Chase initially founded Kenyon College in Worthington.

The period from the 1820s to the Civil War was a time of slow growth for the sleepy village. In 1820, Aurora Buttles erected a Masonic hall. In 1826 the Columbus and Sandusky Turnpike was incorporated (now U.S. Route 23) to connect the center of the state to Lake Erie, further cementing the importance of High Street.

Louis Noble House, built in 1863

Civil War[edit]

In September, 1861 Captain William Piney and 14 members of the "Olentangy Reserves" mustered into Company E of Thomas Worthington Jr.'s 46th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, which trained at Camp Lyon on the old Worthington Manufacturing Co. site southwest of the village. This unit suffered forty percent casualties at the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862.

Post-war growth[edit]

In 1866 the Bishop House was converted to the Union Hotel (Worthington Inn) by the Lewis family. In 1873 the Worthington School located at Evening Street and State Route 161 was completed. The first Worthington High School class graduated in 1880 (including 2 girls).

In 1931, the only Roman Catholic pontifical college outside of Italy, the Pontifical College Josephinum relocated just north of Worthington where it exists today.

High Street in 1948

Geography[edit]

Worthington is located at 40°5′29″N 83°1′15″W / 40.09139°N 83.02083°W / 40.09139; -83.02083 (40.091513, -83.020905).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.63 square miles (14.58 km2), of which, 5.55 square miles (14.37 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

The cities of Worthington and Riverlea form an enclave of Columbus.

Highways that pass through or adjacent to Worthington include Interstate 270, United States Route 23, Ohio State Route 161, and Ohio State Route 315.

Interstate 71 and Ohio State Route 710 pass just to the east of the city.

Except for a small border with Perry Township (Brookside Estates) on the west, Worthington is completely surrounded by Columbus.

Western Worthington now includes part of what used to be Linworth, and is home to the Linworth Alternative Program school.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 13,575 people, 5,691 households, and 3,874 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,445.9 inhabitants per square mile (944.4/km2). There were 5,940 housing units at an average density of 1,070.3 per square mile (413.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.0% White, 2.2% African American, 2.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 5,691 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.9% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 44.9 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 30.7% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 14,125 people, 5,692 households, and 4,052 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,494.6 people per square mile (963.5/km²). There were 5,845 housing units at an average density of 1,032.3 per square mile (398.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.97% White, 1.71% African American, 0.12% Native American, 2.77% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.

There were 5,692 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $68,568, and the median income for a family was $83,074. Males had a median income of $59,258 versus $39,424 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,495. About 1.4% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Library[edit]

The Worthington Public Library serves the community with three branches. In 2005, the library loaned more than 1.9 million items to its 61,000 cardholders, making it the 16th busiest library in Ohio.[12] Total holding are over 436,000 volumes with nearly 500 periodical subscriptions.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Three freeways run through Worthington: I-270, I-71, and SR 315. The Ohio State University Airport is the nearest general aviation airport to the city, and passengers are served by Columbus's two airports: Port Columbus International Airport and Rickenbacker International Airport.

Education[edit]

Worthington Schools operates public schools.

The office of the Columbus Japanese Language School (コロンバス日本語補習校 Koronbasu Nihongo Hoshūkō), a weekend supplementary Japanese school, is located in Worthington. The elementary classes are held at Granby Elementary School in Columbus and the junior high and high school classes are held at McCord Middle School in Columbus. Area Japanese parents opened the school in April 1980, and the school started with three teachers and fourteen elementary-level students, and as of 2014 there are about 550 students.[14]

The Ohio Contemporary Chinese School (OCCS, simplified Chinese: 俄州现代中文学校; traditional Chinese: 俄州現代中文學校; pinyin: Ézhōu Xiàndài Zhōngwén Xuéxiào[15]) is located in the area, holding classes at Worthington Kilbourne High School.[16] It serves the Chinese American community.[17]

Notable people[edit]

Sister city[edit]

See also[edit]

Surrounding communities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ library of congress, text of act
  7. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  10. ^ http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WMBH5B_Veterans_Fountain_Worthington_OH
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "2005 Ohio Public Library Statistics:Public Libraries Ranked by Circulation". State Library of Ohio. Retrieved October 3, 2006. 
  13. ^ "2005 Ohio Public Library Statistics:Statistics by County and Town". State Library of Ohio. Retrieved October 3, 2006. 
  14. ^ English information (Archive). Columbus Japanese Language School. Retrieved on May 9, 2014.
  15. ^ "Home." Ohio Contemporary Chinese School. Retrieved on May 10, 2014.
  16. ^ "Contact Us." Ohio Contemporary Chinese School. Retrieved on May 10, 2014.
  17. ^ "Language and Cultural Schools" (Archive). Worthington Area Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved on Retrieved on May 10, 2014.

External links[edit]