Lint voor Verwonding
|Lint voor Verwonding|
The Lint voor Verwonding, as worn by Captain C.J. Lourens DTD of the Union Defence Forces, former Assistant Field Cornet and Adjutant of Wakkerstroom Commando during the Anglo-Boer War. The awards depicted are the Dekoratie voor Trouwe Dienst, Medalje voor de Anglo-Boeroorlog, Lint voor Verwonding, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal.
|Awarded by the Governor-General|
|Eligibility||Boer military veterans|
|Awarded for||Being wounded on active service|
|Campaign||1899-1902 Anglo-Boer War|
|Status||Discontinued in 1946|
SAR and OFS riband bar orientations
The Lint voor Verwonding (Wound Riband) is a South African military award. It was instituted on 21 December 1920 as a retrospective award for Boer veteran officers and men of the 1899-1902 Anglo-Boer War who were wounded in action.
The Lint voor Verwonding, officially designated "Lint voor Verwonding Opgedaan Gedurende de Anglo-Boeroorlog, 1899-1902" (Riband for Wounds Sustained During the Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902), was instituted in terms of Government Notice no. 2307 dated 21 December 1920 and published in the Union of South Africa Government Gazette of 24 December 1920. It was a retrospective award for Boer veteran officers and men who were wounded in action while serving in the combat forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State during the Anglo-Boer War between 11 October 1899 and 31 May 1902.
Since neither of the two Boer Republics, the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, had official honours systems of their own, the riband was created to afford Boer veteran officers and men serving as members of the Union Defence Forces parity with their fellow South Africans who had fought on the British side in the war.
The Union Defence Forces (UDF) were established in 1912. In 1913 Colonel Skinner, Commandant of the Military School in Bloemfontein, remarked on the fact that some of the officers attending a course who had fought valiantly in the Republican Forces, were without medal ribbons whilst their brother officers who had served on the British side were all well decorated. Colonel Skinner made representations to Defence Headquarters to have this omission rectified but, due to the outbreak of World War I, nothing was done about the matter until 1920 when the Dekoratie voor Trouwe Dienst, the Medalje voor de Anglo-Boeroorlog and the Lint voor Verwonding were instituted.
The Lint voor Verwonding was awarded, upon certified application, to veterans who had been wounded on active service while serving in the Boer forces between 11 October 1899 and 31 May 1902. Recipients had to be serving members of the Union Defence Forces, or available to be called up for service in terms of the South African Defence Act of 1912.
The Wound Riband had no medal accompanying it, but was issued with a printed certificate carrying a full colour reproduction of the riband. The riband was worn on the uniform, mounted like a medal ribbon immediately following the ribbon of the Medalje voor de Anglo-Boeroorlog.
The riband is 1 1⁄2 inches (38 millimetres) wide and in the combined colours of the two former Republics. While these colours were gazetted as red, green, white, blue and orange, the orange appears as yellow on the actual ribbons. As worn by a South African Republic veteran, it has a 3 millimetres wide red band, a 14½ millimetres wide green band, a 4 millimetres wide white band, a 14½ millimetres wide orange band and an 3 millimetres wide blue band. An Orange Free State veteran would wear the riband reversed, with the blue band on the left.
The original closing date for applications was 30 June 1921, but this was not strictly adhered to. The gazetted regulations in effect actually excluded many men who had fought on the Boer side, such as the members of the various foreign units and potentially also the Natal and Cape rebels. In later years the regulations were less stringently enforced and the eventual qualification for award was proof that the applicant had fought against the British without surrendering or taking either parole or the oath of allegiance prior to 31 May 1902, and had been wounded in action.
No ribands were awarded after 31 December 1946.
- The South African Military History Society - Military History Journal, Vol 1 No 1, December 1967 - Dekoratie Voor Trouwe Dienst (the D.T.D.), by D. R. Forsyth (Retrieved 2015-01-28)
- Alexander, E.G.M., Barron, G.K.B. and Bateman, A.J. (1986). South African Orders, Decorations and Medals. Human and Rousseau.
- Monick, S, (1988). South African Military Awards 1912-1987. South African National Museum of Military History.
- The Soldier's Burden - The Anglo Boer War 1899-1902 - Medals to men and woman on the Boer side, by Henk Loots (Retrieved 2015-01-29)
- The DTD, ABO and LvW - Awards to the Boer Side: Anglo Boer War 1899-1902, by Henk Loots (Retrieved 2015-01-29)