Wrecking Ball (Bruce Springsteen album)
|Studio album by Bruce Springsteen|
|Released||March 5, 2012|
|Genre||Rock, folk rock, folk punk|
|Producer||Ron Aniello, Bruce Springsteen|
|Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band chronology|
|Singles from Wrecking Ball|
Wrecking Ball is the seventeenth studio album by American recording artist Bruce Springsteen, released March 5, 2012, on Columbia Records. It was named best album of 2012 by Rolling Stone and along with the album's first single, "We Take Care of Our Own", was nominated for three Grammy Awards.
Background and recording
All but four songs were written in 2011. Three of the exceptions were songs previously released in live version, the other released on Wrecking Ball:
- "Jack of All Trades", which was written in 2009. During Bruce Springsteen's recent Wrecking Ball Tour he addresses the crowd and tells about the current state of our economy, which inspired him to write this song three years previously.
- "Wrecking Ball", which was written in 2009 prior to a series of E Street Band shows at Giants Stadium as a tribute to the venue, which was set to close and be demolished. Springsteen later dedicated a live version with revised lyrics to the closing of the Spectrum in Philadelphia. The song made other appearances throughout the final two months of the Working on a Dream Tour;
- "American Land", which was written during the 2006 Seeger Sessions with a studio version being recorded though never released. The song was played throughout that tour and heavily on the subsequent two E Street Band tours; and
- "Land of Hope and Dreams", which was written by Springsteen sometime in 1998 or early 1999 and first performed on the 1999 Reunion Tour with the E Street Band. A studio version was originally recorded in 2002 during the sessions for The Rising album although it was never released.
The album includes what may be the final tracks featuring Clarence Clemons, who died in June 2011. Clemons performs the saxophone solos on "Land of Hope and Dreams", and backing saxophone rhythms on the title track.
While the tour in support of the album featured the full current E Street Band lineup, the only E Street Band members to appear on the album are Clemons, Steven Van Zandt, Max Weinberg, and Patti Scialfa; adjunct members Charlie Giordano and Soozie Tyrell are also heavily featured. The album features members of the Sessions Band, including the horn section, and special guest appearances by Tom Morello and Matt Chamberlain.
Music and lyrics
The Hollywood Reporter called the album Springsteen at his "angriest yet", and some of the tracks address topics such as economic justice. Musically, the album was described the Hollywood Reporter as being "very rock 'n' roll ... with unexpected textures—loops, electronic percussion[, and] an amazing sweep of influences and rhythms, from hip-hop to Irish folk rhythms."
Paste writer Stephen M. Deusner dubbed the album "a big rock record". Andy Gill of The Independent wrote of the album's musical style, "[I]t's couched in a mix of the classic Boss rock bombast and the muscular hootenanny folk-rock of his Seeger Sessions album, with touches of noble gospel, poignant jazz trumpet and feisty Irish rebel music colouring the songs according to their mood." The A.V. Club's Steven Hyden called it "a mainstream rock record" and noted that, musically, the album features "booming drums, squealing guitar solos, violins, banjos, trumpets, pianos, pots, pans, and every available hard surface at Bruce's home studio."
Music writer Robert Christgau interpreted its first six tracks as "heavy irony shading over into murderous rage, with refurbished arena-rock to slam it home". He cited the opening track "We Take Care of Our Own" as an example, writing that "it's perversely anti-political to lay any other interpretation on the opening [track], which cites places 'From the shotgun shack to the Superdome' where we—meaning the U.S.A. so many Americans weren't even born in—documentably haven't taken care of our own." Steve Leftridge of PopMatters found the characters in the songs "less elusive about whom to blame for their troubles, cutting out the middle figures like foremen and hiring men and taking on the real culprits unambiguously." He compared the album to Springsteen's The Rising (2002), writing that if that was his "9-11 album", Wrecking Ball is his "Occupy album".
According to Springsteen, in 2009 he wrote his first song about a "guy that wears a tie". Springsteen has "spent much of his career writing about characters struggling in tough economic times, but the financial crisis reportedly convinced him it was time to write about the people and forces that brought America to this 'ugly point.' [The album is an] indictment of Wall Street greed and corruption and a look into the devastation it has wrought."
The opening track, "We Take Care of Our Own", recalls "Born in the U.S.A." in terms of its themes that reflect Springsteen's frustration with the lack of accountability he sees in government. In the vein of "Born in the U.S.A.", the seemingly unabashedly patriotic chorus "Wherever this flag is flown/we take care of our own" is contrasted in the verses with references to the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina suggesting that perhaps we don't "take care of our own."
The song "Death to My Hometown" is an angry, thinly veiled protest song regarding the practices of Wall Street bankers and the economic crisis for which Springsteen considers them accountable. "They destroyed our families’ factories and they took our homes/They left our bodies on the planks, the vultures picked our bones," he sings. The song features heavy Irish folk influences (including a prominent tin whistle riff), as well as samples of Sacred Harp singing.
The title track was originally written in commemoration of the then-pending demolition of Giants Stadium in New Jersey and is written from the stadium's point of view ("I was raised out of steel here in the swamps of Jersey"). However, in the context of the album it becomes a defiant anthem in the face of economic adversity with the refrain "C'mon on and take your best shot/Let me see what you got/Bring on your wrecking ball!" The album version is only slightly differently arranged than the original live version and features no major lyrical changes. This is one of the two songs on the album to feature E Street Band legendary saxophonist Clarence Clemons, who died in 2011.
The song "Rocky Ground" is perhaps the most experimental track on the album. While the song does recall Springsteen's previous work, such as the similarly gospel music–influenced "My City of Ruins" and the hip-hop tinged "Streets of Philadelphia", it features a brief rap by Michelle Moore, a first for a Springsteen song. The song features an atmospheric arrangement that includes a gospel choir and vocal looping (the words "I'm a soldier" from the Church of God in Christ Congregation's recording of "I'm a Soldier in the Army of the Lord" are looped throughout the song). The song's lyrics contain extensive religious imagery, including biblically-inspired lyrics such as "40 days and nights of rain washed this land/Jesus said the moneychangers in this temple will not stand," which reflect the theme of economic equality covered earlier in the album. However, the tone of this song is much more optimistic than most of the previous songs on the album despite its somber arrangement, with Springsteen singing "there's a new day coming" in response to the Gospel Choir's refrain "we've been traveling over rocky ground."
The next and penultimate track, "Land of Hope and Dreams", continues the religious themes and more hopeful outlook with its uplifting lyrics and chorus that use an extensive train metaphor to express Springsteen's take on the American dream. "This train/dreams will not be thwarted/this train/faith will be rewarded," he sings. The song ends with a gospel choir singing excerpts from The Impressions' "People Get Ready" and Springsteen repeating "you just get on board/you just thank the Lord." Compared to its previous live version, which the E Street Band has been performing since 1999, it has been re-worked in a somewhat more compact version and now features electronic drums and the aforementioned use of a gospel choir.
The album's closing track, "We Are Alive," is a "campfire song" for ghosts of the oppressed, martyred strikers, protesters, and immigrant workers. "I was killed in Maryland in 1877/When the railroad workers made their stand/I was killed in 1963/One Sunday morning in Birmingham," he sings during the verse. The chorus, however, has a much more celebratory tone with the refrain "We are alive/And though our bodies lie alone here in the dark/Our spirits rise/To carry the fire and light the spark/To stand shoulder to shoulder and heart to heart." The song, which has an Irish-wake feel to it, is an acoustic number with Springsteen being backed by mariachi horns. The horn riff greatly resembles that from Johnny Cash's hit "Ring of Fire".
Wrecking Ball was released on March 5, 2012, in the United Kingdom and on March 6 in the United States. It received generally positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews and ratings from selected mainstream critics, the album received a metascore of 78, which is based on 41 reviews. David Fricke of Rolling Stone gave the album a rave review, dubbing it "the most despairing, confrontational and musically turbulent album Bruce Springsteen has ever made." BBC Music's Ian Winwood dubbed the album "a work of commanding range and masterful execution", and complimented its music as "varied and surprising". Steve Leftridge of PopMatters called it "cohesively designed" and wrote that it "finds Springsteen still firing on all cylinders—writing with poetic urgency, drawing on traditions old and new, singing and playing with prime strength and energy, and delivering a new set of killer melodies with fresh sonic wallop." The Guardian's Alexis Petridis wrote that the album "paints almost entirely in broad brushstrokes, but its bombast rarely seems hollow: it exists [...] in service of an anger that feels righteous, affecting and genuine." Andy Gill of The Independent found the album "much darker than any of Springsteen's earlier blue-collar tirades" and stated, "There's few, if any, moments of musical innovation, but in terms of political intent, there won't be a harder, more challenging album released all year." In his consumer guide for MSN Music, Robert Christgau gave the album an A– rating, indicating "the kind of garden-variety good record that is the great luxury of musical micromarketing and overproduction."
However, Slant Magazine's Jesse Cataldo accused Springsteen of being "borderline jingoistic" and called his perspective "rose-colored", writing that he "seems more concerned with overtures toward harmony than actual dissent, a newfound wishy-washiness that leaves him sounding entirely defanged." Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic found the album "cumbersome and top heavy" and stated, "Springsteen sacrific[es] impassioned rage in favor of explaining his intentions too clearly." Although he commended the album's themes, Chicago Tribune writer Greg Kot criticized its music as "sterile" and commented that Springsteen "lost his nerve as a coproducer, going for stadium bombast instead of the unadorned grit these stories of hard times demand." Despite commending Springsteen's energy with the songs' "ambitious arrangements", Jon Caramanica of The New York Times found the "energy [to be] in service of deeply nebulous ideas" and stated, "the text is far more ambiguous, and in plenty of places on this album, just outright flat." In the same review, Jon Pareles argued that the album is "sincere, ambitious and angry, which can lead to mixed outcomes. It also — which may be a surprise on an album billed as a broadside — holds some of Springsteen’s most elaborate studio concoctions since Born to Run."
The album debuted at No. 1 in 16 different countries including both the US and UK charts with approximately 196,000 and 74,000 records sold, respectively. "Wrecking Ball" became Springsteen's tenth No. 1 album in the United States, tying him with Elvis Presley for third-most No. 1 albums of all-time. Only the Beatles (19) and Jay-Z (12) have more No. 1 albums.
President Barack Obama used "We Take Care of Our Own" as one of his top campaign songs and it was played during many of his re-election campaign stops including right after his victory speech on election night. Springsteen also appeared at quite a few of his late campaign stops where he performed a short acoustic set. Use of the song helped boost sales of the song by 409%.
The album and its single, "We Take Care of Our Own" was nominated for three Grammy Awards including Best Rock Performance and Best Rock Song for "We Take Care of Our Own" and Best Rock Album. Springsteen along with the E Street Band performed at the event.
Wrecking Ball was released as a two-LP set, a single CD, and a digital download. The CD and download versions were also available in a "Special Edition" format, which included two bonus tracks along with exclusive photos and artwork. The vinyl version included a copy of the standard CD (without the two additional tracks).
In the track listing below, the track numbers correspond to the digital release.
All songs written and composed by Bruce Springsteen.
|1.||"We Take Care of Our Own"||3:54|
|3.||"Shackled and Drawn"||3:46|
|4.||"Jack of All Trades"||6:00|
|5.||"Death to My Hometown"||3:29|
|8.||"You've Got It"||3:48|
|10.||"Land of Hope and Dreams"||6:58|
|11.||"We Are Alive"||5:36|
|12.||"Swallowed Up (In the Belly of the Whale)"||5:28|
- Shackled And Drawn
Contains elements of “Me And My Baby Got Our Own Thing Going” (J.Brown/L. Collins/F. Wesley/C. Bobbitt), Dynatone Publishing Company (BMI). All rights administered by Unichappell Music, Inc. (BMI). All rights reserved.
- Death To My Hometown
Contains Excerpts From “The Last Words Of Copernicus” (Alabama Sacred Harp Convention) Sacred Harp Publishing, admin. by Global Jukebox Publishing (BMI). Velma Johnson and The Alabama Sacred Harp Singers, Recorded September 12, 1959, Fyffe, Alabama by Alan Lomax, assisted by Shirley Collins. Under Exclusive License By Odyssey Productions, Inc. from The Alan Lomax Collection at The American Folklife Center, Library Of Congress. AK-47 sound clip Freesound/Noise Collector.
- Rocky Ground
Contains Excerpt From “I'm A Soldier In The Army Of The Lord” (Traditional). Church Of God In Christ Congregation, Recorded July, 1942, Clarksdale, Mississippi by Alan Lomax, John W. Work and Lewis Jones. Under Exclusive License by Odyssey Productions, Inc. from The Alan Lomax Collection at The American Folklife Center, Library Of Congress.
- Land Of Hope And Dreams
Contains elements of “People Get Ready” (C. Mayfield), Warner-Tamerlane Publishing Corp (BMI) and MijacMusic (BMI). All rights administered by Warner-Tamerlane Publishing Corp (BMI). All rights reserved.
- American Land
The album's personnel include the following:
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Gold||10,000x|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Gold||40,000^|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Gold||15,000x|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
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- Cory Cavin. "Stream Bruce Springsteen's "Land Of Hope And Dreams" Free Today! - Music". Late Night with Jimmy Fallon. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
- "We Are Alive—The Official Bruce Springsteen Website". Retrieved 2012-03-22.
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- "Charts Belgique Francophone – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball (album)". Ultratop.be (in French). Retrieved 2012-03-18.
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- "Dutch Charts – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball (album)". Dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2012-03-18.
- "Finnish Charts – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball (album)". Finnishcharts.com. Retrieved 2012-03-18.
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- "CYTA". Cyta.gr. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
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- The first list is the list of best-selling domestic albums of 2012 in Finland and the second is that of the best-selling foreign ones:
- "Top 100 Album Combined - Classifica annuale (dal 2 Gennaio 2012 al 30 Dicembre 2012)" (PDF) (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry / TV Sorrisi e Canzoni. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013.
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- "Austrian album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball" (in German). IFPI Austria. Enter Bruce Springsteen in the field Interpret. Enter Wrecking Ball in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
- "Canadian album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball". Music Canada.
- The first web page presents the sales figures, the second presents the certification limits:
- "French album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Bruce Springsteen; 'Wrecking Ball')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
- "Irish album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball". Irish Recorded Music Association.
- "Italian album certifications – Springsteen Bruce – Wrecking Ball" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Select Album e Compilation in the field Scegli la sezione. Select Week -- and Year ----. Enter Springsteen Bruce in the field Artista. Click Avvia la ricerca
- "Portuguese album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball" (in Portuguese). Associação Fonográfica Portuguesa.
- "Spanish album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball" (PDF) (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España.
- "Veckolista Album - Vecka 28, 13 juli 2012" (in Swedish). Sverigetopplistan. Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Bruce Springsteen; 'Wrecking Ball')". Hung Medien.
- "British album certifications – Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Wrecking Ball in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go