Wrestling at the Summer Olympics

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Wrestling at the Summer Olympics
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Governing body FILA
Events 18 (men: 14; women: 4)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Medalists (freestyle • Greco-Roman)

Wrestling had been contested at the Summer Olympic Games since the sport was introduced in the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC.[1] When the modern Olympic Games resumed in Athens in 1896, wrestling (in the form of Greco-Roman wrestling) became a focus of the Games, with the exception of the 1900 Summer Olympics when wrestling did not appear on the program. Freestyle wrestling and weight classes both made their first appearance in 1904. The women's competition was introduced in 2004. In February 2013, the IOC voted to remove the sport from the 2020 Summer Olympics onwards.[2] On 8 September 2013, the IOC announced that wrestling would return to the Summer Olympics in 2020.[3][4] Along with boxing, it is one of only two sports that still require participants to have amateur status to participate in the Olympics.

Possible cancellation[edit]

Because of growing costs, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has been under pressure to reduce the number of events and the number of athletes in each summer game.[citation needed] The IOC had adopted a system where "core sports" would continue indefinitely in future Olympics, but "non-core" sports would be selected for inclusion on an Olympic game-by-game basis. Wrestling had been one of the 26 core sports. However, following the 2012 London Olympics, the IOC's Executive Committee conducted a study of the 26 core sports in terms of their success at the London Olympics as well as world-wide grassroots support. The study sought to trim one core sport so that starting with the 2020 Olympics, only 25 core sports would continue to make room for one non-core sport. On February 12, 2013, the IOC Executive Board voted to recommend that wrestling be dropped as a core sport.

The international federation that governs wrestling (then known as FILA and now as United World Wrestling) responded with a statement the same day:

FILA was greatly astonished by today's recommendation of the IOC Executive Board not to maintain wrestling among the 25 core sports for the 2020 Olympic Games. FILA will take all necessary measures to convince the IOC Executive Board and IOC members of the aberration of such decision against one of the founding sports of the ancient and modern Olympic Games.[5]

On February 15, FILA held an emergency meeting and its President, Raphaël Martinetti, asked for a vote of confidence. When only 50% of his Board voted to support him, he resigned as FILA President.[5] Although wrestlers would be able to continue to compete in the World Games, United States wrestlers expressed grave disappointment at the possibility that they could be excluded from future Olympics.[6]

Wrestling had to compete with seven other non-core sports - baseball/softball, squash, karate, sport climbing, wakeboarding, wushu and roller sports - for a place in the 2020 Games.[2] On September 8, 2013, the IOC announced that wrestling had won the bid as a non-core sport and would return to the 2020 Summer Olympics.[3] Nenad Lalović, the new president of FILA, was largely credited with bringing the sport back into contention after wrestling made the short list in May.[3] Lalović following the announcement stated, "Normally this is done in a few years, we did it in a few months. It was a question of our survival" and that, "We did all we could, we changed our sport and the federation was successful. We continue to work tomorrow."[3]

Men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Greco-Roman light flyweight X X X X X X X 7
Greco-Roman flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
Greco-Roman featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Greco-Roman welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 19
Greco-Roman middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Greco-Roman light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 19
Greco-Roman heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X 11
Greco-Roman open X 1
Freestyle light flyweight X X X X X X X X 8
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
Freestyle featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Freestyle light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 18
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X 11
Events 1 0 7 9 5 10 13 13 14 14 16 16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 16 14 14 14

Women[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Freestyle flyweight X X X 3
Freestyle lightweight X X X 3
Freestyle middleweight X X X 3
Freestyle heavyweight X X X 3
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 4

Participating nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
 Afghanistan (AFG) - - - 7 8 5 8 8 5 - 1 - 7
 Albania (ALB) X X X 3
 Algeria (ALG) X X X X X X 6
 American Samoa (ASA) X X 2
 Argentina (ARG)   5 X X X X X X
 Armenia (ARM) X X X X 4
 Australia (AUS)   1 3 X X X X X X X X X X X X
 Austria (AUT)   8 8 2 X X X X X X X X
 Azerbaijan (AZE) X X X X 4
 Belarus (BLR) X X X X 4
 Belgium (BEL)   4 1 12 17 13 X X X X X X X
 Bohemia (BOH) 4 4 1
 Bolivia (BOL) X 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) X 1
 Brazil (BRA) X X X X 4
 Bulgaria (BUL) X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
 Cambodia (CAM) X 1
 Cameroon (CMR) X X X X X 5
 Canada (CAN)   1 1 5 5 X X X X X X X X X X X
 China (CHN) X X X X X X X 7
 Chinese Taipei (TPE) X X X 3
 Colombia (COL) X X X X X X X 7
 Ivory Coast (CIV) X 1
 Croatia (CRO) X X 2
 Cuba (CUB) X X X X X X X X 8
 Cyprus (CYP) X X 2
 Czech Republic (CZE) X X X X 4
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)   10 9 6 X X X X X X X X X X
 Denmark (DEN)   11 9 10 11 7 X X X X X X
 Dominican Republic (DOM) X X X X 4
 Ecuador (ECU) X X 2
 Egypt (EGY)   1 2 4 X X X X X X X X X X
 El Salvador (ESA) X X X 3
 Estonia (EST) 4 8 6 1 8 4 4 3 1 9
 Finland (FIN) 4 37 18 24 13 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 2
 France (FRA) 6 17 23 13 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 17
 The Gambia (GAM) X 1
 Georgia (GEO) X X X X 4
 Germany (GER) 1 1 14 6 X X X X X X X 11
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA) X X X 3
 East Germany (GDR) X X X X X 5
 West Germany (FRG) X X X X X X 6
 Great Britain (GBR) 1 53 12 10 14 6 X X X X X X X X X 13
 Greece (GRE) 2 1 5 2 3 X X X X X X X X X X X 12
 Guam (GUM) X X X X X 5
 Guatemala (GUA) X X X X 4
 Guinea (GUI) X 1
 Guinea-Bissau (GBS) X X X X 4
 Hungary (HUN) 1 7 10 12 6 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
 Iceland (ISL) 1 1
 Independent Participants (IOP) X 1
 India (IND) 2 X X X X X X X X X X 10
 Indonesia (INA) X 1
 Iran (IRI) X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
 Iraq (IRQ) X X X 3
 Ireland (IRL) X 1
 Israel (ISR) X X X X X X X 7
 Italy (ITA) 1 6 8 17 5 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
 Japan (JPN) 1 1 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
 Jordan (JOR) X 1
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) X X X X 4
 Kenya (KEN) X 1
 North Korea (PRK) X X X X X X X X 8
 South Korea (KOR) X X X X X X X X X X 10
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) X X X X 4
 Latvia (LAT) 6 2 X X X X X 5
 Lebanon (LIB) X X X X X X 6
 Lithuania (LTU) 1 3 2 3 4 5
 Luxembourg (LUX) 2 2 3
 Macedonia (MKD) X X X X 4
 Malta (MLT) X X 2
 Mauritania (MTN) X X 2
 Mauritius (MRI) X 1
 Mexico (MEX) X X X X X X X X 8
 Moldova (MDA) X X X X 4
 Mongolia (MGL) X X X X X X X X X X 10
 Morocco (MAR) X X X X X X 6
 Namibia (NAM) X 1
 Netherlands (NED) 9 3 9 8 6 X X 3
 New Zealand (NZL) X X X X X X 6
 Nicaragua (NCA) X 1
 Nigeria (NGR) X X X X X X X X 8
 Norway (NOR) 1 9 7 7 7 X X X X X X X X X X 12
 Pakistan (PAK) X X X X X X X 7
 Palau (PLW) X X 2
 Panama (PAN) X X X X X X 6
 Peru (PER) X X X X X X X 7
 Philippines (PHI) X X 2
 Poland (POL) 2 4 X X X X X X X X X X 10
 Portugal (POR) 2 1 X X X X X X 6
 Puerto Rico (PUR) X X X X X X 6
 Romania (ROU) X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
 Russia (RUS) 4 11 X X X X 16
 Samoa (SAM) X X 2
 Senegal (SEN) X X X X X X X X X X 10
 Serbia (SRB) X 1
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) X 1
 Slovakia (SVK) X X X X 4
 South Africa (RSA) 1 1 X X X X X 5
 Soviet Union (URS) X X X X X X X X X 9
 Spain (ESP) 2 X X X X X X 6
 Sweden (SWE) 9 34 13 13 9 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
 Switzerland (SUI) 4 12 11 X X X X X X X X X X 13
 Syria (SYR) X X X X X X 6
 Tajikistan (TJK) X X X 3
 Tunisia (TUN) X X X X X X X 7
 Turkey (TUR) 5 6 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
 Turkmenistan (TKM) X X 2
 Ukraine (UKR) X X X X 4
 Unified Team (EUN) X 1
 United States (USA) 42 6 2 18 14 7 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
 Uzbekistan (UZB) X X X X 4
 Venezuela (VEN) X X X X X 5
 Vietnam (VIE) X X 2
 Virgin Islands (ISV) X 1
 Yemen (YEM) X 1
 North Yemen (YAR) X 1
 Yugoslavia (YUG) - 2 5 X X X X X X X X X 9
No. of nations 4 1 14 18 19 26 29 50 41 35 44 69 59 75 55 66 59
No. of wrestlers 5 42 115 170 152 229 166

All-time medal table – 1896–2012[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union (URS) 62 31 23 116
2  United States (USA) 50 43 32 125
3  Sweden (SWE) 28 27 29 84
4  Japan (JPN) 28 17 17 62
5  Turkey (TUR) 28 16 14 58
6  Finland (FIN) 26 28 29 83
7  Russia (RUS) 25 13 13 51
8  Hungary (HUN) 19 16 19 54
9  Bulgaria (BUL) 16 32 20 68
10  South Korea (KOR) 11 11 13 35
11  Iran (IRI) 8 13 17 38
12  Romania (ROU) 7 8 17 32
13  Italy (ITA) 7 4 9 20
14  Poland (POL) 6 9 11 26
15  Cuba (CUB) 6 5 7 18
16  Unified Team (EUN) 6 5 5 16
17  Estonia (EST) 5 2 4 11
18  Germany (GER) 4 11 5 20
19  Yugoslavia (YUG) 4 6 6 16
20  Azerbaijan (AZE) 4 5 5 14
21  France (FRA) 4 4 8 16
22  Switzerland (SUI) 4 4 6 14
23  Uzbekistan (UZB) 4 2 0 6
24  Great Britain (GBR) 3 4 10 17
25  Ukraine (UKR) 3 4 6 13
26  North Korea (PRK) 3 2 4 9
27  Canada (CAN) 2 7 7 16
28  China (CHN) 2 3 3 8
29  East Germany (GDR) 2 3 2 7
 Egypt (EGY) 2 3 2 7
31  Georgia (GEO) 2 2 7 11
32  Norway (NOR) 2 2 1 5
33  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 7 7 15
34  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 1 5 3 9
35  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 4 9 14
36  West Germany (FRG) 1 4 4 4
37  Greece (GRE) 1 3 7 11
38  Armenia (ARM) 1 2 3 6
39  Mongolia (MGL) 0 4 5 9
40  Belarus (BLR) 0 3 5 8
41  Belgium (BEL) 0 3 0 3
42  Denmark (DEN) 0 2 6 8
43  India (IND) 0 1 3 4
44  Lebanon (LIB) 0 1 2 3
 Australia (AUS) 0 1 2 3
46  Syria (SYR) 0 1 0 1
 Mexico (MEX) 0 1 0 1
 Latvia (LAT) 0 1 0 1
49  Austria (AUT) 0 0 2 2
 Colombia (COL) 0 0 2 2
 Lithuania (LTU) 0 0 2 2
52  Macedonia (MKD) 0 0 1 1
 Pakistan (PAK) 0 0 1 1
 Moldova (MDA) 0 0 1 1
Total 958 959 962 1078

All-time medal table – Greco-Roman – 1896–2012[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union (URS) 34 16 10 60
2  Finland (FIN) 18 21 19 58
3  Sweden (SWE) 20 17 19 56
4  Hungary (HUN) 16 10 10 36
5  Bulgaria (BUL) 9 14 8 31
6  Romania (ROU) 6 8 13 27
7  Turkey (TUR) 11 5 4 20
8  Poland (POL) 6 8 6 20
9  Russia (RUS) 5 5 4 14
10  Italy (ITA) 5 4 9 18
11  South Korea (KOR) 5 2 5 12
12  Germany (GER) 4 9 5 18
13  Japan (JPN) 4 5 2 11
14  United States (USA) 3 6 5 14
15  Yugoslavia (YUG) 3 5 4 12
16  Cuba (CUB) 3 4 2 9
17  Iran (IRI) 3 1 1 5
18  Estonia (EST) 3 0 4 7
19  Egypt (EGY) 2 2 2 6
20  East Germany (GDR) 2 1 1 4
20  Norway (NOR) 2 1 1 4
22  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 6 4 11
23  Greece (GRE) 1 3 5 9
24  West Germany (FRG) 1 3 1 5
25  France (FRA) 1 2 2 5
26  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 1 1 3
26  Ukraine (UKR) 1 1 1 3
28  Armenia (ARM) 1 0 0 1
28  Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 0 0 1
38  Uzbekistan (UZB) 1 0 0 1
31  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 0 4 3 7
32  Denmark (DEN) 0 2 6 8
33  Belarus (BLR) 0 2 3 5
34  Georgia (GEO) 0 1 2 3
34  Lebanon (LIB) 0 1 2 3
36  Unified Team (EUN) 3 3 3 9
37  Latvia (LAT) 0 1 0 1
37  Mexico (MEX) 0 1 0 1
39  Lithuania (LTU) 0 0 2 2
40  Austria (AUT) 0 0 1 1
40  China (CHN) 0 0 1 1
40  Moldova (MDA) 0 0 1 1
40  North Korea (PRK) 0 0 1 1
40  Switzerland (SUI) 0 0 1 1
Total 174 175 175 523

All-time medal table – Freestyle – 1904–2012[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 47 37 26 110
2  Soviet Union (URS) 28 15 13 56
3  Japan (JPN) 20 12 13 45
4  Turkey (TUR) 17 11 8 36
5  Russia (RUS) 13 5 4 22
6  Sweden (SWE) 8 10 8 26
7  Finland (FIN) 8 7 10 25
8  Bulgaria (BUL) 7 17 11 35
9  Iran (IRI) 5 11 14 30
10  South Korea (KOR) 4 9 7 20
11  Switzerland (SUI) 4 4 5 13
12  Great Britain (GBR) 3 4 10 17
13  Hungary (HUN) 3 4 7 14
14  North Korea (PRK) 3 2 3 8
15  Unified Team (EUN) 3 2 2 7
16  Canada (CAN) 2 6 6 14
17  Ukraine (UKR) 2 3 4 9
18  Uzbekistan (UZB) 2 3 0 5
19  France (FRA) 2 2 5 9
20  Cuba (CUB) 2 1 4 7
21  Estonia (EST) 2 1 0 3
21  China (CHN) 2 1 0 3
23  Germany (GER)[7] 1 3 3 2
24  Yugoslavia (YUG) 1 1 2 4
24  Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 1 2 4
26  Romania (ROU) 1 0 4 5
26  Georgia (GEO) 1 0 4 5
28  Italy (ITA) 1 0 0 1
29  Mongolia (MGL) 0 4 4 8
30  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 0 3 3 6
31  Belgium (BEL) 0 3 0 3
32  East Germany (GDR) 0 2 1 3
33  Poland (POL) 0 1 4 4
34  West Germany (FRG) 0 1 3 4
34  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 1 3 4
34  India (IND) 0 1 3 4
36  Australia (AUS) 0 1 2 3
37  Belarus (BLR) 0 1 1 2
38  Armenia (ARM) 0 1 0 1
38  Norway (NOR) 0 1 0 1
38  Syria (SYR) 0 1 0 1
38  Tajikistan (TJK) 0 1 0 1
43  Greece (GRE) 0 0 2 2
44  Austria (AUT) 0 0 1 1
44  Colombia (COL) 0 0 1 1
44  Macedonia (MKD) 0 0 1 1
44  Pakistan (PAK) 0 0 1 1
44  Slovakia (SVK) 0 0 1 1
Total 193 193 205 591

Source: Wrestling Freestyle Olympics Medal Table at olympicmedals.com

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.olympic.org/wrestling-greco-roman-equipment-and-history?tab=1
  2. ^ a b http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/olympics/21427455
  3. ^ a b c d KAROLOS GROHMANN (8 September 2013). "Wrestling wins vote and will be part of 2020 Tokyo Olympics". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2013-09-08. 
  4. ^ "India Welcomes Re-Inclusion Of Wrestling In Olympic Games". Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Recommendation of IOC Executive Board". Retrieved February 23, 2013. 
  6. ^ Sheinin, Dave (February 15, 2012). "Wrestling prodigy's Olympic dream in jeopardy". Washington Post. p. A1. 
  7. ^ Includes the  Unified Team of Germany (EUA)