Wrightia

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Wrightia
Flower-01-KayEss-1.jpeg
Wrightia antidysenterica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Wrightia
R.Br.
Synonyms[1]
  • Balfouria R.Br.
  • Piaggiaea Chiov.
  • Scleranthera Pichon
  • Walidda (A.DC.) Pichon

Wrightia is a genus of flowering plants in the Apocynaceae (dogbane) family, first described as a genus in 1810. It native to tropical Africa, China, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Papuasia, and Australia.[1] The species are all small trees or shrubs.[2]

The genus was named for William Wright (1735-1819), Scottish physician and botanist, by Robert Brown.

Wrightia antidysenterica has long been known in Indian Ayurvedic tradition, and is called "kuţaja" in Sanskrit.

Species[1]
  1. Wrightia angustifolia - Sri Lanka
  2. Wrightia annamensis - S China, Cambodia, Vietnam
  3. Wrightia antidysenterica - Sri Lanka
  4. Wrightia arborea - S China, India, Sri Lanka, Himalayas, Indochina
  5. Wrightia candollei - Philippines
  6. Wrightia coccinea - S China, Himalayas, Indochina
  7. Wrightia collettii Ngan - Myanmar
  8. Wrightia cunninghamii - Western Australia
  9. Wrightia demartiniana - Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya
  10. Wrightia dolichocarpa - W India
  11. Wrightia dubia - Indochina, W Malaysia
  12. Wrightia flavorosea - Sri Lanka but extinct
  13. Wrightia hanleyi - Palawan
  14. Wrightia indica - S India
  15. Wrightia karaketii - Thailand
  16. Wrightia laevis - S China, SE Asia, Papuasia, Queensland
  17. Wrightia lanceolata - S Thailand
  18. Wrightia lecomtei - Cambodia, Vietnam
  19. Wrightia natalensis -southern Africa
  20. Wrightia novobritannica - New Britain
  21. Wrightia palawanensis - Palawan
  22. Wrightia poomae - Thailand
  23. Wrightia puberula - Sri Lanka but extinct
  24. Wrightia pubescens - S China, SE Asia, Papuasia, N Australia
  25. Wrightia religiosa - Guangdong, Indochina, W Malaysia
  26. Wrightia saligna - N Australia
  27. Wrightia siamensis - Thailand
  28. Wrightia sikkimensis - S China, E Himalayas, Vietnam
  29. Wrightia sirikitiae - Thailand
  30. Wrightia tinctoria - India
  31. Wrightia tokiae - Thailand
  32. Wrightia viridiflora - Thailand
formerly included[1]
  1. Wrightia afzelii, syn of Pleioceras afzelii
  2. Wrightia bacelliana, syn of Melodinus acutiflorus
  3. Wrightia parviflora, syn of Pleioceras barteri
  4. Wrightia piscidia, syn of Melodinus cochinchinensis
  5. Wrightia stuhlmannii, syn of Alafia lucida

References[edit]