Writtle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°43′44″N 0°25′37″E / 51.729°N 0.427°E / 51.729; 0.427

Writtle
Aubyns, Writtle, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 2440653.jpg
Aubyns, a half-timbered house dated 1500
Writtle is located in Essex
Writtle
Writtle
 Writtle shown within Essex
Population 5,383 (2011)
OS grid reference TL6706
Civil parish Writtle
District Chelmsford
Shire county Essex
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHELMSFORD
Postcode district CM1
Dialling code 01245
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Saffron Walden
List of places
UK
England
Essex

The village and civil parish of Writtle lies 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Chelmsford, Essex, England. It has a traditional village green complete with duck pond and a Norman church and was once described as 'one of the loveliest villages in England, with a ravishing variety of ancient cottages'.[1] The village is now home to Writtle College, one of the UK's oldest and largest land-based colleges and a partner institution of the University of Essex, the grounds of which once housed a Royal hunting lodge, later the possession of the De Brus and De Bohun families. The suggestion that Writtle is the birthplace of Robert the Bruce, as well as his father Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale, is contested though its possession and use by both is incontrovertible. Today Writtle hosts the annual southern V Festival within the grounds of Comyn's Hylands Park. At the 2001 census, it had a population of 5,632.[2]

Early history[edit]

The Romans were present in Writtle[3] shortly after the Roman conquest by Claudius, but the presence of a metalled road,[4] numerous archaeological finds and the ease with which the river can be forded in Writtle are still not significant enough evidence to suggest that Writtle, rather than Chelmsford, was the site of the Roman town of Caesaromagus, as suggested by the Essex historian Morant (et al.).[5]

Named in the Little Domesday Book, as a Royal demesne (manor) of 194 households, the village boasts the site of one of King John's hunting lodges,[6] sited within the grounds of the present HE institution Writtle College (circa 1210).

The estate and village were later a possession of Isabel de Brus (Bruce), via a grant of Henry III[7] and a known residence of her grandson Robert, father to the future king.[8][9] For a time thereafter it was leased to a Francis and Joan Bache, but the estate was taken by Isabel's great-grandson, Robert The Bruce, King of Scots, in the 1320s.[10][11] It was in Writtle in 1302 that Robert had married his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh; there is some evidence to suggest he was also born in the village rather than in Turnberry Castle, but the story is possibly conflated with that of his father of the same name.

Another well known historic figure who lived in Writtle was Sir John Petre (1549–1613).[12] He sat as a Member of Parliament for Essex from 1584 to 1587 and also served as Lord Lieutenant of Essex. In 1603 he was raised to the peerage as Baron John Petre, the first baron of Writtle. Baron Petre publicly acknowledged that he was a Roman Catholic and refused to follow the Church of England during the time of Queen Elizabeth I and King James I. He died in October 1613, aged 63, and was succeeded in the barony by his son William,[12] who later married Katherine Somerset. One person from Writtle who did help to bring about the English Reformation was Dr. John Bastwick (1593–1654), a religious zealot who opposed Roman Catholic ceremonial in the years before the outbreak of the English Civil War.[13]

Two Emma Toc, Writtle[edit]

Writtle holds a distinguished place in the history of radio broadcasting. In the early 1920s it was the site of the experimental Marconi station 2MT ("Two Emma Toc"), from where Captain Peter Eckersley made the name of the village famous with his station announcement "this is Two Emma Toc, Writtle testing, Writtle testing". The pre-fabricated hut from which the broadcast was made (constructed for use during the first world war, but never shipped to the war zone) was later relocated to King's Road primary school in Chelmsford, and has now been re-erected with replica equipment at the Sandford Mill museum, near Sandon. The Writtle transmission station was also the last independent outside the BBC, suspending transmission in January 1923. Independent radio did not re-emerge in the UK till the 1960s.

Writtle Church[edit]

Writtle green and church, in snow, about 1935

The Domesday Book mentioning a church and priest in Writtle suggests that Christian worship in the village pre-dated the Norman Conquest;[3] the early-13th-century nave and chancel seem to be extensions of an 11th-century construction, which itself replaced a Saxon church. During the mediaeval period, the church "changed hands" several times, revenues being received by the Prior of Bermondsey in the 12th century, and then by the Hospital of the Holy Ghost in Rome from the early 13th; the turbulent reign of Richard II saw the church being seized by the king, eventually coming under the control of William of Wykeham's New College, Oxford in 1399.[14]

The church has twice suffered arson attacks in recent history, the first in 1974, the second in 1991.

Longmeads House[edit]

Longmeads House is a large Victorian building with grounds, and an important feature of the village. It was built by Robert Woodhouse in the 1880s and remained in the family until it was acquired by the Seabrooke family in 1930. The estate was acquired by Essex County Council in 1950 and is now the village's community centre.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hope-Moncrieff, A.R. (1909). Essex. A&C Black Ltd. 
  2. ^ "Census 2001: Parish Headcounts: Chelmsford". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Cambridge University assessment of the Lordship Campus
  4. ^ Writtle College Masterplan - history of site>
  5. ^ Essex Villages: Writtle
  6. ^ The Historic Lands of England, p 120, By Bernard Burke, Published Churton, Clayton & Co 1848
  7. ^ National Archives, SC 8/93/4605B
  8. ^ Essex Records Office - Deed - D/DP T1/1770
  9. ^ Essex Records Office - Deed - D/DBa T2/9
  10. ^ National Archives, SC 8/95/4727
  11. ^ National Archives, SC 8/104/5151
  12. ^ a b http://www.flickr.com/photos/60861613@N00/4094206042/
  13. ^ http://www.writtlevillage.co.uk/
  14. ^ All Saints Parish Church Building History
  15. ^ Sivyer, Elaine (November 2008). "A house away from home". Essex Life (Archant). p. 74. Retrieved 2009-01-24.  (Registration required).

External links[edit]