Wrotham

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Wrotham
Wrotham3602.JPG
Wrotham is located in Kent
Wrotham
Wrotham
 Wrotham shown within Kent
Population 1,815 (2001)
OS grid reference TQ610591
District Tonbridge & Malling
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SEVENOAKS
Postcode district TN15
Dialling code 01732 88
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Tonbridge and Malling
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Coordinates: 51°18′30″N 0°18′30″E / 51.30825°N 0.30846°E / 51.30825; 0.30846

The George and Dragon pub, on the High Street

Wrotham (pronounced Listeni/ˈrtəm/) is a village on the Pilgrims' Way in Kent, at the foot of the North Downs. It is one mile north of Borough Green and approximately five miles east of Sevenoaks. It is within the junction of the M20 and M26 motorways.

The name first occurs as Uurotaham in the year 788; it means 'homestead of a man called Wrōta.'[1]

The village has a high number of pubs; there are three within a hundred yards of each other. They are the Rose and Crown, the George and Dragon and the Bull Hotel. A fourth, the Three Postboys, ceased trading in 2009 and is now a private dwelling.

There is a separate village called Wrotham Heath about two miles to the south-east.

Close by is the Wrotham transmitting station which was the first transmitter in the UK to broadcast on FM in 1955 and now carries the main national FM radio frequencies for most of London.

Wrotham shows extensive signs of occupation by the Romans and it has been claimed that the Wrotham Pinot, a disease-resistant variety of the Pinot noir grape found in Wrotham churchyard, is descended from vines brought by the Romans.

Governance[edit]

Wrotham is in the parliamentary constituency of Tonbridge and Malling. Since the constituency's creation in 1974, its Member of Parliament has been Sir John Stanley of the Conservative Party.[2] The village is within the local government district of Tonbridge and Malling, and comprises the local government ward of Wrotham.[3] This ward has 1 of the 53 seats on the Tonbridge & Malling District Borough Council. The seat is held by the Conservative Martin Coffin, having been re-elected in 2011.[4] Tonbridge & Malling District Borough Council is responsible for running local services, such as recreation, refuse collection and council housing;[5] while Kent County Council is responsible for education, social services and trading standards. Both councils are involved in town planning and road maintenance.

A 2008 report showed that Wrotham has experienced one of the greatest deteriorations of basic services, losing the most amenities in the previous four years.[6]

Demography[edit]

A substantial village house
Wrotham compared
Wrotham Tonbridge & Malling district England
Population 1,815 107,561 49,138,831
UK born 95.9% 95.4% 91.8%
White 99% 98% 91%
Asian 0.0% 0.5% 4.6%
Black 0.16% 0.14% 2.3%
Christian 75% 76% 72%
Muslim 0.2% 0.3% 3.1%
Hindu 0.0% 0.2% 1.1%
Source: 2001 UK census

At the 2001 UK census, the Wrotham ward had a population of 1,815. The village had 759 households; of which, 42% were married couples, 29% were individuals, 9% were cohabiting couples, and 6% were lone parent families. 20% of households had someone at pensionable age living alone.[7]

The ethnicity of the village was given as 99.2% white, 0.66% mixed race, and 0.16% Black. The place of birth of the town's residents was 95.9% United Kingdom (92.0% England), 0.4% Republic of Ireland, 0.8% other Western Europe, 0.4% Eastern Europe, 1.0% Africa, 0.8% Asia, 0.4% North America and 0.3% elsewhere.[7]

Religion was recorded as 74.81% Christian, 0.44% Jewish, 0.22% Buddhist, 0.17% Muslim and 0.17% Sikh. 15.46% were recorded as having no religion, 0.33% had an alternative religion, and 8.42% did not state their religion.[7]

Economy[edit]

A converted oast house, showing the transition from agricultural to residential

At the 2001 UK census, 39.5% of the village's residents aged 16–74 were employed full-time, 12.9% employed part-time, 14.1% self-employed and 1.6% unemployed, while 1.9% were students with jobs, 3.4% students without jobs, 14.3% retired, 8.0% looking after home or family, 2.5% permanently sick or disabled and 1.9% economically inactive for other reasons. Compared to national figures, the village had a low rate of unemployment, and a high proportion of self-employed workers.[7]

Employment by industry was 16% retail; 14% real estate; 13% manufacturing; 10% construction; 8% health and social work; 8% education; 7% transport and communications; 5% finance; 5% hotels and restaurants; 3% public administration; 3% agriculture; 1% energy and water supply; and 6% other. Compared to national figures, Wrotham had a high percentage of workers in agriculture; energy and water supply; hotels and restaurants; and construction. It had a low percentage in health and social work; and public administration.[7]

According to Office for National Statistics estimates, the average gross income of households in Wrotham between April 2001 and March 2002 was £770 per week (£40,000 per year).[7]

Local businesses[edit]

The village has a variety of small businesses serving the needs of the community.

Notable people[edit]

Peaches Geldof, English journalist, television presenter and model, lived in Wrotham. She died at her home on 7 April 2014.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A.D. Mills, Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford University Press, 1998; ISBN 0192800744), p. 394.
  2. ^ "Rt Hon Sir John Stanley MP". Conservatives.com. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  3. ^ "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  4. ^ "Member and Committee Information". Tonbridge & Malling District Borough Council. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  5. ^ "Council Services". Tonbridge & Malling District Borough Council. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  6. ^ "Rural decline: Case study". London: Daily Telegraph. 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Wrotham (Ward)". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  8. ^ "Peaches Geldof dies aged 25". BBC News. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Wrotham at Wikimedia Commons