Wrotham transmitting station
|Height of mast||176.6 metres (579 ft)|
The Wrotham transmitting station is located on the North Downs, close to the village of Wrotham in Kent, England and just north of the M20 motorway. Its National Grid Reference is TQ595604. The current mast on the site was constructed in 1981, is 176.6 metres (579 ft) tall, and was built to replace the original mast of equal height that was constructed in 1951.
It is the main VHF FM transmitter for the national BBC radio networks in London and South East England. It currently transmits BBC Radio 1, 2, 3 & 4 and the independent national network Classic FM (125 kW ERP), BBC Radio Kent on 96.7 MHz (4.4 kW ERP) and KMFM West Kent on 101.6 MHz (0.2 kW ERP). (There are two prominent towers in the south of Greater London, Croydon and Crystal Palace, which provide a medium power (4 kW ERP) relay of the national radio channels, in addition to local stations).
Wrotham was the first station in the UK to broadcast on VHF/FM, with three services beginning officially on 2 May 1955. It broadcast the Home Service (now Radio 4), the Third Programme (now Radio 3) and the Light Programme (now Radio 2). The frequencies it used for these programmes on FM in 1955 are still in use today. On 17 April 1966, it became the first BBC transmitter to broadcast in stereo, with regular stereo broadcasts on the Third Programme from July 1966. On 18 December 1970, it began broadcasting Radio Medway (now Radio Kent) on 97.0 MHz.
On 3 December 2010, Wrotham began transmitting DAB: CE London (London 1), Switch London (London 2), DRG London (London 3), Digital One and the BBC National DAB multiplex. The BBC National DAB multiplex is on the network's standard SFN, improving DAB coverage in North Kent and South London.
It is owned and operated by Arqiva.
Channels listed by frequency
Analogue radio (FM VHF)
|89.1 MHz||125||BBC Radio 2|
|91.3 MHz||125||BBC Radio 3|
|93.5 MHz||125||BBC Radio 4|
|96.7 MHz||4.4||BBC Radio Kent|
|98.8 MHz||62.5||BBC Radio 1|
|100.9 MHz||125||Classic FM|
|101.6 MHz||0.2||KMFM West Kent|
Digital radio (DAB)
|218.640 MHz||11B||4.5||DRG London|
|222.064 MHz||11D||4.5||Digital One|
|223.936 MHz||12A||4.5||Switch London|
|225.648 MHz||12B||10||BBC National DAB|
|227.360 MHz||12C||4.5||CE London|
- Aerial photo of Wrotham transmitting station. Other map and aerial photo sources.
- The Transmission Gallery: Wrotham Mast photographs and information
- The Transmission Gallery: FM coverage map
- Location map (Multimap)