Wu Po-hsiung

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Wu.
Wu Po-hsiung
吳伯雄
Wuboxiong.png
Wu Po-hsiung meet Xi Jiping in Beijing, China
Chairman of the Kuomintang
In office
11 April 2007 – 17 October 2009
Preceded by Chiang Pin-kung
Succeeded by Ma Ying-jeou
Chairman of the Kuomintang (acting)
In office
13 February 2007 – 14 March 2007
Preceded by Ma Ying-jeou
Succeeded by Chiang Pin-kung
Vice Chairman of Kuomintang
In office
18 June 2000 – 11 April 2007
Chairman Lien Chan
Ma Ying-jeou
Secretary-General of the Kuomintang
In office
16 August 1996 – 11 December 1997
Chairman Lee Teng-hui
Preceded by Hsu Shui-teh
Succeeded by John Chiang
Secretary-General of the ROC Presidential Office
In office
13 December 1994 – 3 August 1996
President Lee Teng-hui
Preceded by Chiang Yang-shih
Succeeded by Huang Kun-huei
Minister of the Interior of the Republic of China[1]
In office
1 June 1991 – 15 February 1994
Preceded by Hsu Shui-teh
Succeeded by Huang Kun-huei
In office
1 June 1984 – 22 July 1988
Preceded by Lin Yang-kang
Succeeded by Hsu Shui-teh
Mayor of Taipei
In office
25 July 1988 – 2 June 1990
Preceded by Hsu Shui-teh
Succeeded by Huang Ta-chou
Magistrate of Taoyuan
In office
1 February 1973 – 20 December 1976
Preceded by Hsu Hsin-chih
Lee Shu-you (acting)
Succeeded by Weng Chien (acting)
Hsu Hsin-liang
Personal details
Born 19 June 1939 (1939-06-19) (age 75)
Shinchiku Prefecture, Taiwan, Empire of Japan
Nationality  Republic of China
Political party Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang
Alma mater Taiwan Provincial Cheng Kung University
Occupation Politician
Religion Buddhism
Wu Po-hsiung
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Wu Po-hsiung (Chinese: 吳伯雄; pinyin: Wú Bóxióng; born June 19, 1939), is a politician in the Republic of China (ROC) who formerly served as chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT). He has been the Interior Minister (1984-1988), Mayor of Taipei (1988–1990), Secretary-General to the President (1991–1996), and Chairman of the KMT (2007-2009). Wu was nominated as Honorary Chairman of the Kuomintang when he was succeeded by Ma Ying-jeou as the Chairman of the Kuomintang.

Early life[edit]

Born to a Hakka family in Chungli City, Taoyuan County, Taiwan in 1939, Wu received a bachelor degree in business administration from Taiwan Provincial Cheng Kung University in 1962.

Early political life[edit]

He entered politics when he was elected into the Taiwan Provincial Council in the Taoyuan County electoral district from 1968 to 1972

Taoyuan County Magistrate[edit]

Wu become the Magistrate of Taoyuan County in 1973-1976.

ROC Interior Ministry[edit]

Wu become the Ministry of the Interior twice in 1984-1988 and 1991-1994.

ROC citizens Permitted to visit China[edit]

On 15 October 1987, Wu announced the lifting of prohibition of ROC citizens to travel to the Mainland Area. Citizens were allowed to do so for family visits.[2]

KMT Vice Chairmanship[edit]

Wu was the first vice-chairman of the main opposition Kuomintang party after Kuomintang lost in the 2000 ROC Presidential Election to the Democratic Progressive Party.

KMT Chairmanship[edit]

After Chairman Ma Ying-jeou resigned on 13 February 2007, he became the acting chairman. Wu, however, subsequently resigned his post as acting chairman and member of the Central Standing Committee on 14 March 2007 in order to compete in the chairman election scheduled for 7 April 2007. Ma announced his support for Wu for chairmanship.[3]

Wu eventually won the party chairmanship election and become KMT Chairman on 11 April 2007. He garnered about 90% of votes cast, defeated KMT Legislator Hung Hsiu-chiu. Of all eligible voters, about 53% voted.[4]

Cross-strait relations[edit]

2005 China visit[edit]

Wu and other Pan-Blue officials in Nanjing in 2005.

In April 2005, Wu joined Lien Chan and other Pan-Blue officials to visit China.

2009 China visit[edit]

In May 2009, Wu left for China for an 8-day visit. He was accompanied by three KMT Vice Chairmen, Lin Fong-cheng, Wu Den-yih (which doubles as KMT Secretary-General) and John Chiang. Wang Yi, Director of Taiwan Affairs Office welcomed the delegations upon arrival in Beijing.

Prior to departure, Wu said that we would not mention about the 'Republic of China' of the Beijing government does not mention about the 'People's Republic of China' as well. If Beijing refrain from mentioning about One China principle, then he also would not talk about the 1992 consensus.

The delegations visited several cities. In Beijing, they visited the Guangdong-Guangxi House, where Sun Yat-sen was elected as Chairman of Kuomintang in 1912. In Hangzhou, they visited the Manao Temple, where a museum of Lian Heng is located. In Nanjing, they visited Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum. And in Chongqing, they attended the Taiwan Week celebration organized by Taiwanese businessmen doing business in China.[5]

2012 Beijing visit[edit]

Wu lead a delegation from Taiwan to visit Beijing in March 2012 to meet Hu Jintao, the then-General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), Wu proposed that cross-strait relations be governed under the framework of one country, two areas (一國兩區), in which from the Republic of China's point of view, ROC consists of Taiwan area and the mainland area.[6]

Among the delegates are three of Kuomintang vice chairpersons, which are Lin Feng-cheng, John Chiang and Hung Hsiu-chu.[7]

2013 Beijing visit[edit]

Wu visited Beijing on 12-14 June 2013 to meet with Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party for the first time since Xi took office, accompanied by high ranking KMT officials, such as Chan Chun-po, Hung Hsiu-chu, Huang Min-hui and Su Chi. Accompanying Xi Jinping was Wang Huning, Li Zhanshu, Yang Jiechi and Zhang Zhijun from the CPC.[8][9]

2013 Yunnan CPC secretary visit[edit]

During a meeting between Wu and visiting Yunnan Communist Party of China secretary, Qin Guangrong, to Taiwan in mid September 2013, Wu said that Taiwan and Mainland China should put aside political questions and disagreements aside to facilitate bilateral exchanges. He said that by showing patience, setting aside differences and focusing on economic cooperation and cultural exchanges, more common areas such as lifestyle and values would emerge.

During the meeting, Qin encouraged Taiwanese businessmen to invest in Yunnan and make use of the province as the gateway to Southeast Asia and South Asia, creating business opportunities. He added that Yunnan welcomes Taiwanese farmers, township wardens, teachers, students, media and religious and business representatives. Qin's delegation, which consisted of more than 200 people, participated in several activities while in Taiwan, such as promoting bilateral exchanges in education, culture, technology, tourism and civil aviation.[10]

2013 Nanjing visit[edit]

In October 2013, Wu traveled to Nanjing, Jiangsu to give a speech at the Xianlin Campus of Nanjing University.[11]

Personal life[edit]

Outside of Taiwanese politics, Wu is a prominent and practicing Buddhist and plays an active role in the Fo Guang Shan Buddhist Order. Before he ascended to the KMT chairmanship, Wu served as the second worldwide president of the Buddha's Light International Association.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.taiwantoday.tw/ct.asp?xItem=11944&CtNode=122
  2. ^ "Kuomintang News Network". Kmt.org.tw. 1991-05-20. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  3. ^ Liao, George "KMT's Ma announces his support for Wu as party's new chairman" Taiwan News
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "KMT chairman Wu Po-hsiung visiting Beijing". The China Post. 2009-05-26. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  6. ^ "‘One country, two areas’ proposed by Wu Po-hsiung". Taipei Times. 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  7. ^ "KMT honorary chairman to visit Beijing|Politics|chinadaily.com.cn". Usa.chinadaily.com.cn. 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  8. ^ "KMT, CPC top brass to discuss 'major issues'". The China Post. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  9. ^ "Kuomintang News Network". Kmt.org.tw. 2013-06-10. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  10. ^ "Taiwan, China should put aside disputes: KMT’s Wu". Taipei Times. 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  11. ^ "KMT honorary chairman visits Nanjing University CCTV News - CNTV English". 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  12. ^ "Wu Po-hsiung chaired the panel of moderators, with Lee Jih-Chu, ... "

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Hsu Shui-teh
Mayor of Taipei
1988 - 1990
Succeeded by
Huang Ta-chou
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ma Ying-jeou
Chairman of the Kuomintang
2007 - 2009
Succeeded by
Ma Ying-jeou
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Ven. Master Hsing Yun
Buddha's Light International Association President
1997–2004
Succeeded by
Ven. Hsin Ting