|This article relies on references to primary sources. (April 2011)|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||7,502.0 km2 (2,896.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||120/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Harbin district map|
Wuchang (Chinese: 五常; pinyin: Shàngzhì) is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. The southernmost county-level division of Harbin City, it borders Acheng District to the north, Shangzhi to the northeast, Shuangcheng District to the northwest, as well as the Jilin prefecture-level divisions of Yanbian to the southeast, Jilin City to the southwest, and Changchun to the west.
The name "Wuchang" has been in use since 1855. At that time people began to reclaim wasteland, and built five noble lodges. It was changed to Wuchang Bureau in 1882, and changed to Wuchang Mansion in 1909. In 1913 Wuchang County was set up. It was changed to Wuchang Town in 1993.
The area of Wuchang is 7,512 km², and it had 979,627 population at the end of 2008.
Wuchang is a semi-mountainous town; its ground slopes from southeast to northwest. Wuchang rises over 450 metres above sea level. The mountain Zhangguangcai Ling twists toward the southeast; many hills appear in different layers, such as Laoye Ling and Eagle South Mountain. The Songnen Plain to the northwest provides a flat area with highly fertile soil for agriculture.
The Lalin River and Mangnu River run through Wuchang.
The average temperature is 3.5 °C (38.3 °F). January, the coldest month, is about −19.1 °C (−2.4 °F). July is the hottest month at about 22.4 °C (72.3 °F). The annual precipitation is 625 mm; the frost-free season is 124 days and the annual sunshine hours are 2,576. it's not unnormal that the temperature can be around -25 to 30 degrees celsius in the winter nights, -19,1 must be the middle value
Wuchang has many advantages for agriculture, such as loamy soil, abundant water, and suitable weather. Grain crops dominate the mix such as rice, corn, soybean, sorghum, cereal and wheat. Other crops that contribute to the local economy include beet and tobacco. The short-grain rice produced in the Wuchang area is considered[by whom?] to be some of the best rice in China.
The American actress Jayne Meadows (born in 1920) was born in Wuchang and lived there with her sisters and family for six years, learning Chinese as their first language. Jayne appeared on Broadway, in 18 Hollywood films, provided the voice-over for Billy Crystal's mother in City Slickers and City Slickers II: The Legend of Curly's Gold, and appeared in many television productions including as a regular panelist for the game show I've Got a Secret. She married Tonight Show pioneer host and comedian Steve Allen. Audrey became a prominent Hollywood star from her success in the TV series The Honeymooners and the TV series Too Close for Comfort as well as several other roles.
- Google Inc. "Wuchang". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://www.google.com/maps/place/Wuchang,+Harbin,+Heilongjiang,+China,+email@example.com,127.158177,14z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!3m1!1s0x5e45df194970335b:0x3072023a36b3aad1. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- Harbin Statistical Yearbook 2011 (《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
- 2010 Census Harbin primary statistics report (《哈尔滨市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》). Accessed 8 July 2014.