Wuhu

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This article is about the prefecture-level city. For other uses, see Wuhu (disambiguation).
Wuhu
芜湖市
Prefecture-level city
Wuhu Mirror Lake night.jpg
Location of Wuhu City jurisdiction in Anhui
Location of Wuhu City jurisdiction in Anhui
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 8
Municipal seat Jiujiang District
(31°22′12″N 118°23′33″E / 31.37000°N 118.39250°E / 31.37000; 118.39250)
Government
 • CPC Secretary Chen Shulong (陈树隆)
 • Mayor Yang Jiongnong (杨静农)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 5,767 km2 (2,227 sq mi)
 • Urban 720 km2 (280 sq mi)
 • Metro 444 km2 (171 sq mi)
Elevation 7.9 m (26 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 3,443,192
 • Density 600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,307,042
 • Urban density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,162,664
 • Metro density 2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0553
GDP (2011) ¥165,8 billion
GDP per capita ¥47,028
License Plate Prefix 皖B
Website http://www.wuhu.gov.cn/

Wuhu (simplified Chinese: 芜湖; traditional Chinese: 蕪湖; pinyin: Wúhú; literally "Weedy Lake") is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Anhui province, People's Republic of China. Sitting on the southeast bank of the Yangtze River, Wuhu borders Xuancheng to the southeast, Chizhou and Tongling to the southwest, Hefei to the northwest, Ma'anshan to the northeast, and the province of Jiangsu to the east, and is approximately 90 km (56 mi) southwest of Nanjing. Its population was 3,443,192 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,162,664 in the built-up area made of 3 out of 4 urban districts (all but Sanshan not yet continuously urbanized).

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Wuhu administers 8 county-level divisions, including 4 districts and 4 counties.

Demographics[edit]

By the end of 2011, the total population of 3,842,100 was estimated to be 5,988,000,of whom 1,450,000 live in the 4 urban districts and the others live in the counties. Vast majority of the local population are Han Chinese, though there are some Muslim Hui people as minorities. Jiang-Huai Mandarin, a branch of Mandarin Chinese, was widely spoken in urban area, while some people in the counties spoke Wu Chinese. Putonghua, or Standard Mandarin was commonly used in this area.

History[edit]

Wuhu is known to have been inhabited since at least 770 BCE. It became a strategically important town during the Three Kingdoms period (220-280 AD), when it was controlled by the Eastern Wu. At this time it was known as Jiuzi (Chiu-tzu 鳩茲). Under the Ming dynasty, Wuhu developed into a major commercial center and river port and since that time has been known as a center of the rice trade.

In 1644, the Hongguang Emperor (better known as the Prince of Fu), one of the last emperors of the Ming Dynasty, was captured by forces of the new Qing Dynasty in Wuhu. The city became a treaty port in 1876 and has remained a commercial center since that time. The city's Roman Catholic cathedral, St. Joseph's Cathedral (圣若瑟主教座堂), dates from this time. Most of the downtown area alongside the Yangtze River was ceded in the British concession.

Trade in rice, wood, and tea flourished at Wuhu until the Warlord Era of the 1920s and 1930s, when bandits were active in the area.

At the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War, part of the Second World War, Wuhu was occupied by Japan on December 10, 1937. This was a prelude to the Battle of Nanking, ending in the Nanking Massacre. Under Japanese occupation, Chinese resistance fighters hid in the lakes around Wuhu by submerging themselves and breathing through reeds[citation needed].

Major industries began to be developed in Wuhu after the Second World War, with the development of the textile industry, shipbuilding, and paper mills. Despite this, Wuhu had been lagging behind Ma'anshan and Tongling in industrial production for decades after the establishment of the People's Republic of China, and remained primarily a commercial center for trade in rice, silk, cotton, tea, wheat and eggs. However, with recent years' economic rise, Wuhu has become a hub for manufacturing in the area.

Economy[edit]

The city is the second largest economy in Anhui, after Hefei, the provincial capital. In 2011, Wuhu’s GDP reached RMB 165.8 billion, an increase of 16.0% over the previous year. Its per capita GDP was RMB 47,028, with a year-on-year rise of 15.3%.[1]

Wuhu Economic &Technological Development Area in the north of the city launched in 1993 is one of the first state-level economic & technological development area in Anhui province, also has the only export processing zone in the province.[2][page needed] Chery Automobile and Anhui Conch Cement Company are both headquartered in this development area.

Wuhu is the fifth largest port alongside Yangtze River. Yuxikou Pier is the largest inland river coal harbor in China.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Wuhu is served by the Anhui–Jiangxi and the Nanjing–Tongling Railways.

Culture[edit]

The great poet Li Bai spent his late life in Wuhu, it is said, due to its striking landscape. Li Bai was born in a Central Asian town and raised in the southwestern China. Xie Tiao, one of the most distinctive Six Dynasty poets whom he greatly admired, left many poems when holding positions here.

In the Tang dynasty (619-907), the poet Du Mu wrote a famous poem Thoughts on Staying Again at Wuhu. A factory in Wuhu carries on the local craft of making wrought iron pictures. Other local handicrafts are embossed lacquerware and rice straw pith patchwork. A famous stone tablet in Wuhu recording local events of the Song dynasty period (ca. 1000 AD) is considered to be a masterpiece of the renowned calligrapher Mi Fu. In the Western world, Wuhu is now known as the home city to many adopted Chinese children.

Folklore[edit]

An itinerant blacksmith named Tang Tianchi is reputed to have invented the wrought-iron picture in Wuhu, when a painter whom he admired chided him, "You will never make pictures by beating iron."

Another blacksmith of the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC) named Gan Jiang was famous for sword making. Zhe Shan (Reddish Brown Hill) is said to get its colour from the flames of Gan Jiang's furnace. Sheng Shan (Sacred Hill) is the legendary location of his sword grinding rock and tempering pool.

Cuisine[edit]

Wuhu and Anqing are noted centers of the Yanjiang cuisine. It specializes in freshwater fish and poultry, and features special techniques of chopping, shaping, and colouring. The flavour of Yanjiang dishes is often enhanced by sweetening and smoking.

Tourism[edit]

Education[edit]

Universities & Colleges
Notable High Schools

Healthcare system[edit]

Notable hospitals[citation needed]
  • Yijishan Hospital (弋矶山医院, or Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College (皖南医学院附属弋矶山医院)
  • Xuancheng Area Hospital (宣城地区人民医院), or Second Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College (皖南医学院第二附属医院)
  • Wuhu Second Hospital (芜湖市第二人民医院)
  • Wuhu First Hospital (芜湖市第一人民医院)
  • Wuhu Third Hospital (芜湖市第三人民医院)
  • Wuhu Forth Hospital (芜湖市第四人民医院)
  • Wuhu Fifth Hospital (芜湖市第五人民医院)
  • Wuhu Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (芜湖市中医院)
  • Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Wuhu City (芜湖市妇幼保健院)
  • Wuhu Red Cross Hospital (芜湖市红十字医院)
Related Health Care Settings
  • Wuhu CDC (芜湖市疾病预防控制中心)
  • Wuhu Center of Blood (芜湖市中心血站)

Notable people[edit]

Notable constructions[edit]

Sister cities and friendly cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wuhu ( Anhui ) City Information". hktdc.com. 2010-09-16. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  2. ^ "芜湖经济技术开发区". Weda.gov.cn. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 

External links[edit]