Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2008)|
|Mandarin||Wǔzhǐ Shān Guójūn Shìfàn Gōngmù|
|Literally||Wuzhi Mountain National Military Model Public Cemetery|
Wuchih (Wuzhi) Mountain Military Cemetery
|Location||Xizhi, New Taipei City|
|Size||225.7 ha (78 ha useable)|
|Number of graves||9,417|
|Find a Grave||Wuchih Mountain Military Cemetery|
The Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery (Chinese: 五指山國軍示範公墓; literally: "Wuzhi Mountain National Military Model Public Cemetery", sometimes romanized as Wuchih) is Taiwan's most prominent military cemetery. The cemetery is located on Wuzhi Mountain (五指山) in Xizhi, New Taipei City and borders Taipei City's Neihu District and Yangmingshan National Park. General Chiang Wei-kuo, the adopted son of Chiang Kai-shek, conceived and designed the cemetery. Planning for the cemetery started in April 1969, with construction starting on March 20, 1970; the cemetery opened on March 29, 1971.
Although the cemetery has nearly 226 hectares total area, the terrain and building codes restrict internment to only 78 ha of the land. As of 2004[update], the cemetery, which has 9,417 grave plots, is nearly full; further deceased military officials will need to be cremated and their ashes stored in the columbarium.
In 2004, Chiang Fang-liang made a request to inter the bodies of Chiang Kai-shek and his son, Chiang Ching-kuo at Wuzhi. However, the plan did not receive universal support from the Chiang family, and despite the completion of their tombs at Wuzhi, Chiang Kai-shek and his son remain at Cihu and Touliao, respectively.
Most are senior generals who served under KMT from mainland China or dignitaries
- Chiang Wei-kuo, general and adopted son of Chiang Kai-shek
- Gu Zhutong, a senior general who followed Chiang from Shanghai
- He Yingqin, a senior KMT general who was chief staff and chief instructor from Huang Pu Military Academy.
- Huang Chieh general and former Taiwan Governor who brought servicemen from western Hunan Province.
- Liu Yuzhang general from Tsingtao
- Yen Chia-kan, former President of the Republic of China
- Xue Yue General from Kwangtung
- Cihu Mausoleum
- Touliao Mausoleum
- Arlington National Cemetery
- Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery
- Revolutionary Martyrs' Cemetery
- Patriotic Martyrs' Cemetery
- Seoul National Cemetery
- "國軍示範公墓" [National Military Model Public Cemetery]. Armed Forces Reserve Command, Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. Retrieved November 24, 2014. (Chinese)
- "國軍示範公墓簡介" [National Military Model Public Cemetery Profile]. Armed Forces Reserve Command, Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. Retrieved November 24, 2014. (Chinese)
- Chang, Yun-ping; Chuang, Jimmy (July 9, 2004). "Generalissimo to be buried in Taiwan". Taipei Times. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- Saunders, Richard (November 13, 2008). "Hiking up to Plum Blossom Hill". The China Post (Taipei). Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- Matten, Marc Andre (December 9, 2011). "The Chiang Kai-Shek Memorial Hall in Taipei: A Contested Place of Memory". In Matten, Marc Andre. Places of Memory in Modern China: History, Politics, and Identity. pp. 56–57. ISBN 978-9004219014. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- Wang, Flora (December 10, 2007). "Chiang seeks help on mausoleums". Taipei Times. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
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