Wuzhou

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For the Wu Chinese dialects, see Wuzhou Wu dialects.
Wuzhou
梧州市 · Vuzcouh Si
Prefecture-level city
Wuzhou in 2013
Wuzhou in 2013
Location of Wuzhou City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location of Wuzhou City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Wuzhou is located in China
Wuzhou
Wuzhou
Location in China
Coordinates: 23°29′N 111°19′E / 23.483°N 111.317°E / 23.483; 111.317
Country People's Republic of China
Region Guangxi
Government
 • Communist Party Boss Liu Zhiyong
 • Mayor Wang Kai
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 12,588 km2 (4,860 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Prefecture-level city 3,273,300
 • Urban 492,306
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 543000 (Wanxiu District)
Area code(s) 0774
Licence plate prefixes D
Website wuzhou.gov.cn

Wúzhōu (Chinese: ; Jyutping: Ng⁴zau¹), other names include Wuchow (Chinese Postal Map Romanization), and Ngchow (historically romanised name), is a prefecture-level city in the east of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.

Geography and climate[edit]

Wuzhou is located in eastern Guangxi bordering Guangdong province. It is at the confluence of the Gui River and the Xun River where they form the Xi River; 85% of all water in Guangxi flows through Wuzhou. The total area of Wuzhou is 12,588 km2 (4,860 sq mi).

The Tropic of Cancer bisects the city. Despite its latitude, Wuzhou has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with short, mild winters, and long, very hot and humid summers. Winter begins dry but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is generally overcast and often rainy, while summer continues to be rainy though is the sunniest time of year. Autumn is sunny and dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 11.9 °C (53.4 °F) in January to 28.2 °C (82.8 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 21.05 °C (69.9 °F). The annual rainfall is around 1,450 mm (57 in), and is delivered in bulk (~47%) from April to June, when the plum rains occur and often create the risk of flooding. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 17% in March to 55% in July, the city receives 1,738 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Wuzhou (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
17.5
(63.5)
21.1
(70)
25.8
(78.4)
30.0
(86)
32.3
(90.1)
33.7
(92.7)
33.5
(92.3)
32.1
(89.8)
28.8
(83.8)
24.1
(75.4)
19.8
(67.6)
26.3
(79.4)
Average low °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
10.0
(50)
13.5
(56.3)
18.1
(64.6)
21.5
(70.7)
23.9
(75)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
22.8
(73)
19.0
(66.2)
13.9
(57)
9.7
(49.5)
17.5
(63.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 55.5
(2.185)
76.7
(3.02)
82.6
(3.252)
203.1
(7.996)
279.5
(11.004)
193.8
(7.63)
169.2
(6.661)
173.4
(6.827)
91.1
(3.587)
62.1
(2.445)
33.7
(1.327)
30.2
(1.189)
1,450.9
(57.123)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.3 13.1 15.0 17.7 19.7 18.2 15.7 16.9 10.8 7.2 6.1 6.1 156.8
 % humidity 76 80 82 84 84 83 81 82 78 73 71 70 78.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 95.0 62.2 62.2 79.5 134.9 167.4 226.9 209.2 192.9 187.9 169.3 150.8 1,738.2
Percent possible sunshine 28 20 17 21 33 41 55 52 53 52 51 46 39.1
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2010 Census, the prefecture-level city of Wuzhou has 3,273,300 inhabitants and a population density of 260 inhabitants per km². The population is 13.22% higher than in 2000 (the average annual population growth for the period 2000-2010 was of 1.25%).[1]

The dominant ethnic group in the prefecture-level city is Han Chinese but there are also Zhuang, Yao and others. Wuzhou traditionally belongs to the Cantonese cultural and linguistic region, so most people speak the Wuzhou dialect of Cantonese and Mandarin as a result of Central Government's Mandarin promotion policy.

Administration[edit]

Wuzhou has 1 county-level city, 3 counties, and 3 districts.

English Name Hanzi Pinyin Area Population Density
Wanxiu District 万秀区 Wànxiù Qū 407 159,000 391
Longxu District 龙圩区 Lóngxū Qū
Changzhou District 长洲区 Chángzhōu Qū 378 148,100 392
Cenxi City 岑溪市 Cénxīī Shì 2,783 903,000 324
Cangwu County 苍梧县 Cāngwú Xiàn 4,273 619,300 145
Teng County 藤县 Téng Xiàn 3,946 1,036,900 263
Mengshan County 蒙山县 Méngshān Xiàn 1,279 212,100 166

Delicacies[edit]

A restaurant in Wuhan advertising "Genuine Wuzhou Guilinggao"

Amongst the agricultural products produced in the region of Wuzhou, one of the most favoured snacks is Wuzhou honey date (梧州蜜枣). Guilinggao jelly is also described as a "Wuzhou delicacy".[2] Bingquan Soybean Milk is also welcomed by people and is in the list of premium choices for breakfast.

Trade[edit]

Wuzhou has become a hub of the synthetic gemstone trade, particularly specializing in corundum, spinel and cubic zirconia.

Transportation[edit]

Railway
Luozhan Railway

Expressway
Nanwu Expressway

Highway
China National Highway 207
China National Highway 321

Air
Wuzhou Changzhoudao Airport has flights to Nanning, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, and is capable of handling Boeing 737s on its four runways.

References[edit]