Wyclef Jean

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Wyclef Jean
Wyclefjean2 (300dpi).jpg
Wyclef Jean in 2008
Background information
Birth name Wyclef Jeanelle Jean
Also known as Wyclef, Nel, Clef
Born (1969-10-17) October 17, 1969 (age 44)
Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti
Genres Hip hop, reggae fusion, R&B, soul, neo soul
Occupations Rapper, singer, songwriter, producer, actor, politician
Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano, drums
Years active 1992–present
Labels Refugee La Republique Records
Associated acts Fugees, Canibus, Akon, Lil Wayne, R. Kelly, Niia, The Rock, Mary J. Blige, Doug E. Fresh, Flo Rida, Shakira, Anastacia, Eros Ramazzotti, Dj King Assassin, T.I., Santana. Rappin' 4-Tay
Website wyclef.com

Wyclef Jeanelle Jean (/ˈwklɪf ˈʒɑːn/; Haitian Creole pronunciation: [wajklɛf ʒã]; born October 17, 1969)[1] is a Haitian hip hop recording artist, musician, actor, and politician. At age nine,[2] Jean moved to the USA with his family and has spent much of his life in the country. He first received fame as a member of the acclaimed New Jersey hip hop group the Fugees. Jean has won three Grammy Awards for his musical work.[3]

On August 5, 2010, Jean filed for candidacy in the 2010 Haitian presidential election,[4] although the Electoral Commission subsequently ruled him ineligible to stand as he had not met the requirement to have been resident in Haiti for five years.[1][5]

Jean's efforts at earthquake relief, highly publicized in 2010 throughout Haiti and the United States, were channeled through his charitable organization, Yéle Haiti. The charity, which performed a variety of charitable works in Haiti between 2005 and 2010, effectively closed in 2012 after much controversy.

Wyclef Jean, together with Carlos Santana, Avicii and Alexandre Pires, was chosen to perform the closing ceremony at the 2014 worldcup in Brazil. Their single Dar Um Jeito (We will Find A Way) the official World Cup anthem was released April 29, 2014.

Early life and personal history[edit]

Although his birth date was widely given as October 17, 1972, papers filed for his run as a candidate for the presidency of Haiti, disclosed that he was, in fact, born in 1969.[1] Born in Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti, the son of a Nazarene pastor,[6] in 1982 Wyclef moved with his family to northern New Jersey. Jean has cited reggae artist Bigga Haitian as one of his early influences, as well as neighborhood heroes MC Tiger Paw Raw and producer Lobster v. Crab.[7] Jean graduated from Vailsburg High School in Newark, briefly attended Eastern Nazarene College in Massachusetts, and finished one semester at Five Towns College in New York.[8][9] Jean has been a resident of Saddle River, South Orange, and North Caldwell, New Jersey.[10][11] In 2009, Jean enrolled in the Berklee College of Music.[12]

In 1994, he married Fusha designer Marie Claudinette.[13] In 2005, they adopted their daughter, Angelina Claudinelle Jean. The couple renewed their vows in August 2009.[14]

His uncle – political activist, journalist and diplomat Raymond Alcide Joseph – has been the Haitian ambassador to the United States since 2005, and came to prominence as a spokesman for his country after the devastating 2010 Haiti earthquake. Together with Wyclef, he issued an appeal for international aid.[15][16][17]

On March 19, 2011, Jean claimed that he was shot in the palm of his right hand in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The police reported otherwise saying that Wyclef was not wounded by a bullet but was cut by glass. Police Chief Vanel Lacroix said "we met with the doctor who saw him and he confirmed Wyclef was cut by glass."[18][19]

Music career[edit]

Fugees era[edit]

After the group formed in the 1980s under the name Tranzlator Crew, they signed to Ruffhouse Records and Columbia Records in 1993; they then changed their name to Fugees – an abbreviation of "refugees", also a reference to Haitian immigrants.[20] The group's debut album, Blunted on Reality, was released in 1992. The album achieved limited commercial success, only peaking at number 62 on the US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart: however, it peaked at number 122 on the UK Albums Chart in 1997, and was certified gold by the Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (SNEP).[21][22][23] Blunted on Reality spawned three singles: "Boof Baf", "Nappy Heads" and "Vocab". "Nappy Heads" became their first single to appear on the US Billboard Hot 100, charting at number 49.[24]

The Fugees' "Killing Me Softly" from The Score

Problems playing this file? See media help.

In 1996, the Fugees released their second album, titled The Score. The album achieved significant commercial success in the United States, topping the US Billboard 200, and was later certified six-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). It also performed well in several overseas territories, topping the Austrian, Canadian, French, German and Swiss albums charts, whilst also peaking at number two in Sweden and the United Kingdom.[22][25][26][27]

Four commercially successful singles were released from The Score; "Fu-Gee-La", the first single from the album, peaked at number 29 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was certified gold by the RIAA and by the Bundesverband Musikindustrie (BVMI).[24][28] The other three singles – "Killing Me Softly", "Ready or Not" and "No Woman, No Cry" – did not appear on the Billboard Hot 100 as they were not released for commercial sale, making them ineligible to appear on the chart,[29] although they all received sufficient airplay to appear on the Hot 100 Airplay and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay charts. "Killing Me Softly", a cover of the Roberta Flack song "Killing Me Softly with His Song", performed strongly in other territories, topping the singles charts in Australia, Austria, Germany and the United Kingdom, among several others.[30] "Ready or Not" also peaked at number one in the United Kingdom and number three in Sweden, and "No Woman, No Cry" – a cover of the Bob Marley & The Wailers song of the same name – topped the singles chart in New Zealand. Fugees collaborated with singer Bounty Killer on the single "Hip-Hopera" and recorded the single "Rumble in the Jungle" for the soundtrack to the film When We Were Kings in 1997: although they have not released any studio albums since The Score, a compilation album, Greatest Hits, was released in 2003, and spawned the single "Take It Easy".

Solo career[edit]

Jean J announced plans to begin a solo career with 1997's Wyclef Jean Presents the Carnival Featuring the Refugee All-Stars (generally called The Carnival). The album's guests included Lauryn Hill and Pras along with Jean's siblings' group Melky Sedeck;[31] the I Threes (back-up vocals for Bob Marley); The Neville Brothers and Celia Cruz. The album was a hit, as were two singles: "We Trying to Stay Alive" (adapted from the Bee Gees' "Stayin' Alive") and "Gone Till November" (recorded with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra). Released in 2000, Jean's second solo album The Ecleftic: 2 Sides II a Book was recorded with guests including Youssou N'Dour; Earth, Wind & Fire; Kenny Rogers; The Rock; and Mary J. Blige. With Blige he released "911" as a single. He was nominated for Best Hip-Hop Act at the 2000 MTV Europe Music Awards.[32][33]

Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Jean participated in the benefit concert America: A Tribute to Heroes contributing a cover of the Bob Marley song "Redemption Song". Jean has produced hits and been featured in hit singles for Destiny's Child, Beyoncé, Mary J. Blige to name a few.

Jean's third album, Masquerade, was released in 2002. His fourth album, The Preacher's Son, was released in November 2003 as the follow-up to his first solo album, The Carnival. In 2004, he released his fifth album, entitled Sak Pasé Presents: Welcome to Haïti (Creole 101) (released in the United States by Koch Records). Most of its songs are in his native language of Haitian Creole like "Fanm Kreyol" with the French Caribbean Admiral T. He also figured on the album Mozaik Kreyol of this one in the song "Secret Lover". Then he covered Creedence Clearwater Revival's song "Fortunate Son" for the soundtrack of the 2004 film remake of The Manchurian Candidate and wrote the song "Million Voices" for the film Hotel Rwanda.

Jean also produced and wrote songs for the soundtrack to Jonathan Demme's 2003 documentary The Agronomist, about the Haitian activist and radio personality Jean Dominique. With Jerry 'Wonder' Duplessis, Jean also composed the score of the documentary Ghosts of Cité Soleil,[34] He also helped produce the film and he appears briefly onscreen speaking by telephone in 2004 to a "chimere" gang-leader and aspiring rapper, Winston "2Pac" Jean.[35]

Wyclef Jean performing at a UNAIDS concert in 2006

During a period between 2004 and 2006 and fueled by a reunion performance in Dave Chappelle's "Block Party", it appeared that the Fugees were on track to record a new album, however Fugees member Pras claimed to Billboard, "To put it nicely, it's dead." He said the root of this animosity was the third member of the group, Lauryn Hill, and was quoted in Billboard as saying; "Me and Clef, we on the same page, but Lauryn Hill is in her zone, and I'm fed up with that s**t. Here she is, blessed with a gift, with the opportunity to rock and give and she's running on some bulls**t? I'm a fan of Lauryn's but I can't respect that."[36]

In 2006, Jean was featured in Shakira's smash hit Hips Don't Lie. The song went on to become the highest selling single of the 21st century, in addition to reaching number one in over 55 countries. Jean and Shakira went on to perform the song at the 2007 Grammys and the 2006 MTV Video Music Awards. Jean also joined Shakira on various dates of her Oral Fixation Tour in the United States. Jean released an album in September 2007 that he recorded in Atlanta, Georgia, with the help of T.I., who also collaborated with Jean on the songs "You Know What it is" and "My Swag" on T.I.'s 2007 album, T.I. vs. T.I.P. Recently, Wyclef released a new song called "Sweetest Girl (Dollar Bill)" featuring Lil' Wayne, Niia and Akon, which references the song "C.R.E.A.M." by the Wu-Tang Clan. The album also features a single, "Fast Car", whose video was made with the assistance of video game Burnout Paradise. During this period, he was featured in a mix version of the Cartel song "Wasted" that was released with their self-titled album. In 2008, Jean was featured in an extended mix of the song called "Get That Clear (Hold Up)" with American singer Justin Timberlake and Jamaican duo Brick & Lace in the North American version of Brick & Lace's debut album, Love Is Wicked, which came out in January 2008. In November 2008, an upbeat single 'Let Me Touch Your Button' featuring will.i.am (of The Black Eyed Peas) was released in the UK in conjunction with Wyclef's involvement with UK MOTOROKRSTAR (which sees Motorola UK on the search to discover British talent).[37] Jean released a song with Serj Tankian called "Riot".

In 2009, he was featured in a song called "Spanish Fly" with Ludacris and Bachata group Aventura in Aventura's album The Last which came out in June. On June 17, 2009, Wyclef announced via Twitter that his new album will be called wyclefjean and is to be released sometime in February 2010.[citation needed] The first single from wyclefjean is to be titled "Seventeen" and will feature Lil' Wayne.[38] In August 2009, Wyclef unveiled his video "Haitian Slumdog Millionaire" featuring Haitian artist Imposs. Making a guest appearance in the video was New York City entrepreneur and philanthropist Ali Naqvi. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_lEKWLpZMJA

In November 2009, a track titled "Suicide Love" featuring rapper Eve leaked online prior to the release of his EP. Wyclef Jean's EP named From the Hut, to the Projects, to the Mansion was released on November 10, 2009. It includes 17 tracks, featuring Cyndi Lauper, Timbaland, Eve, and Lil' Kim.[39] In this album, Wyclef uses the alias Toussaint St. Jean, his alter ego, when he raps.[40]

Wyclef Jean's upcoming self-entitled studio album was due to be released in 2011, has still yet to be released. "Hold On," the lead single from the project, will feature Dancehall artist Mavado.[39]

In May 2014, a Wyclef video, "April Showers," was banned from YouTube after Cathy Scott, author of The Killing of Tupac Shakur, lodged a copyright infringement complaint with YouTube claiming an image in the video was similar to an autopsy photo released in her book. YouTube banned the video.[41] TMZ, which broke the story, reported that the video director, Hezues R', and Scott had settled the matter and agreed that Hezues R' would include a screen credit to the book at the end of the video.[42]

Yéle Haiti[edit]

In 2001, Jean established "Yéle Haiti" a charitable organization known legally as the Wyclef Jean Foundation and incorporated in the U.S. state of Illinois. The foundation became active in the aftermath of 2004's Hurricane Jeanne, when it provided scholarships to 3,600 children in Gonaïves, Haiti with funding from Comcel. It continued to provide scholarships, school funding, meals and other charitable benefits to citizens of Haiti in the following years. The foundation, named with a word coined by Jean meaning "cry for freedom", achieved a higher profile and a great deal of funding in the wake of the 2010 Haiti earthquake that devastated Haiti and its capital Port-au-Prince. According to Jean, Yéle raised over $1 million in 24 hours using a plea on Twitter[43] and more through Jean's participation in an MTV donation drive and other publicity efforts to benefit survivors of the earthquake.[44] Together with George Clooney, Jean organized the "Hope for Haiti Now" telethon. It was the most watched telethon to date in history, and aired on almost every network and many cable channels. Jean gave the last performance of the telethon, and performed a medley of songs that ended with Haiti's traditional Rara music.[45] Following the earthquake, the Yéle organization donated funds to orphanages, street cleaning crews, hospitals and medical clinics and organized food service to provide hot meals to refugees and victims of the catastrophe.[46][47][48][49]

Not long after the earthquake and Jean's heavily publicized efforts to raise money for disaster relief, questions were raised about the history and management of the Yéle charity. A New York Times article, working from an investigation performed by the Smoking Gun website, reported that the Wyclef Jean Foundation failed to file required tax returns for 2005, 2006 and 2007 until 2009, and that by early 2010, returns and records for 2008 had still not been filed with the Internal Revenue Service. The article, which included allegations by the Smoking Gun of mismanagement of funds, also reported criticism of the foundation by its former executive director, Sanjay Rawal, questioning its ability to handle large projects and its lack of financial controls.[50]

Between 2005 and 2012, Yéle Haiti has been managed by Rawal, co-founder and former chief executive Hugh Locke, Wyclef Jean (until he announced his candidacy in August 2010 for the presidency of Haiti) and former chief executive Derek Q. Johnson. In August 2012, Johnson resigned from his position and announced the closure of the charity, saying in a statement to supporters "As the foundation’s sole remaining employee, my decision implies the closure of the organization as a whole." Johnson's resignation also came in the wake of an investigation by the New York attorney general, Eric T. Schneiderman, and the failure of settlement talks between the attorney general's office and the charity over allegations of mismanagement - including improper payments by the charity to Jean, members of his family and others connected to Jean. A forensic audit conducted by Schneiderman's office also disclosed that in 2010, the year of the earthquake in Haiti, the organization had spent over $9 million - half of it on travel alone. The charity, which remains closed, is also the target of lawsuits in Haiti for unpaid debts.[49]

Politics[edit]

Although Wyclef Jean has only been active in Haitian politics, he told Women's Wear Daily in 2011 that he was "a big fan of Sarah Palin.[51] It was wrongly reported that Jean would be attending the 2012 Republican National Convention in Tampa.[52][53]

2010 Haitian presidential campaign[edit]

On August 5, 2010, Wyclef confirmed the rumors that he was running for office by telling CNN's Wolf Blitzer that he was running, though Blitzer had questions about Jean's actual citizenship and passport. In an article written by Exclaim! magazine[54] it was mentioned that Jean will be stepping down as the chairman of Yéle Haiti. On August 5, Jean formally filed papers as a candidate for the 2010 Haitian presidential election, following media speculation that he would make his announcement that evening on Larry King Live.[55][56][57][58] Wyclef would have run as a candidate for the Viv Ansanm (Live Together) political party.[59]

Besides opposition from Sean Penn in regards to Jean's Haitian presidential plans, Arcade Fire's Win Butler stated in a radio interview:

"Technically, [Wyclef Jean] shouldn't be eligible because he hasn't been a resident of Haiti. And I think him not speaking French and not being fluent in Creole would be a really major issue in trying to run a really complex government, like the government in Haiti. It would kind of be like Arnold Schwarzenegger only speaking Austrian German and being elected president of the United States after New York City and LA had burned to the ground... I think he is a great musician and he really passionately cares about Haiti. I really hope he throws his support behind someone who is really competent and really eligible."[60]

On August 20, 2010, his bid for candidacy was rejected by Haiti's Provisional Electoral Council. He was turned down because he did not meet the residency requirement of having lived in Haiti for five years before the November 28 election.[5][61] Afterwards, Wyclef stated:

I respectfully accept the committee's final decision, and I urge my supporters to do the same.[62]

Appearances in television and film[edit]

  • In 2002 Wyclef played the part of Richie Effs in the Jamaican crime film, Shottas, about two young men who participate in organized crime in Kingston, Jamaica and Miami, Florida.[63][64]
  • On a 2004 episode of Chappelle's Show, he appeared as the musical guest and played a remix of his song "President" from the 2004 album Welcome to Haiti: Creole 101
  • He starred in Virgin Mobile commercials as himself.[65]
  • In 2005, he appeared in the film One Last Thing.... His character is a cab driver named Emmett Ducasse. It is implied he is an angel due to being in the main character's "Heaven". Wyclef also has an original track that is the closing credits first song. The song is "Heaven's in New York".
  • Also in 2005, Wyclef appeared in 4 episodes of the hit NBC prime time television drama "Third Watch" as the recurring character, Marcel Hollis, a gang leader responsible for blowing up the police precinct house in the final episode of the series.
  • In December 2007, starred in the four-part MTV exclusive online short-film Americlef[66]
  • May 20, 2008: At the Gansevoort Hotel, Wyclef Jean in partnership with the WFP and PADF launched "Together for Haiti" to address the hunger crisis in Haiti[67] members of the American and international television and print media were invited to cover the news.
  • October 17, 2011: The Apprentice season 12 Episode 1: Hero Worship
  • He appeared on the PBS show The Electric Company[68]
  • From 2012-2013, he appears as Dominic "Domino" King, the head of a music label on the ABC drama series Nashville.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Grammy Awards[edit]

Year Recipient Award Result
1997 The Score Album of the Year Nominated
The Score Best Rap Album Won
"Killing Me Softly" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won
1998 "Guantanamera" (featuring Celia Cruz and Jeni Fujita) Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated
The Carnival Best Rap Album Nominated
1999 "Gone Till November" Best Rap Solo Performance Nominated
2000 Supernatural (as a featured artist) Album of the Year Won
2001 "911" (with Mary J. Blige) Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated
2006 "Million Voices" (shared with Jerry Duplessis) Best Song Written for Visual Media Nominated
2007 "Hips Don't Lie" (with Shakira) Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Nominated

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wyclef Dumped From Haiti's Presidential Ballot – TIME, Aug 21, 2010.
    "Before he announced on August 5 that he was running for President of Haiti, Wyclef Jean was still listing his age as only 37 years old. But after declaring himself a presidential candidate, the Haitian hip-hop star also decided to come clean and confirm that he was really 40."
  2. ^ "Wyclef Jean steps toward Haitian presidential race". Reuters. 2010-07-30. 
  3. ^ Past Winners Search | GRAMMY.com
  4. ^ Wyclef Jean registers as Haiti presidential contender by Joseph Guyler Delva, Aug 6, 2010 (Reuters)
  5. ^ a b Wyclef Jean to appeal against Haiti election ruling – BBC News, Aug 22, 2010.
    Haiti's electoral commission said that Mr Jean was ineligible to stand as the Haitian constitution requires candidates to have lived in the country for five years prior to an election. The 40-year-old singer lives in the US.
  6. ^ Star Pulse
  7. ^ "Reggae Artists – Reggae Artists – Black Rat: Max Wayne". Bigupradio.com. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  8. ^ "N.J. resident Wyclef Jean is expected to announce run for Haiti president". The Star-Ledger. August 5, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  9. ^ Kurczy, Stephen (August 5, 2010). "Wyclef Jean for Haiti president: Four challenges he'll face". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  10. ^ Cruz, Alicia. "Did Wyclef Jean fake his gunshot injury in Haiti?", NewJerseyNewsroom.com, March 23, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2012. "Wyclef Jean, a North Caldwell resident, told media outlets a bullet grazed his hand in the hand as he stood outside of his vehicle to make a phone call late Sunday night. Jean, who was born in Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti, added that he did not know if the alleged gunshots were directed towards him."
  11. ^ Century, Douglas (February 11, 2007), "Alpine, N.J., Home of Hip-Hop Royalty", The New York Times, retrieved 2008-02-16 
  12. ^ Bush, Allen (October 2, 2009). "Wyclef Jean Enrolls in Berklee". Berklee College of Music. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  13. ^ Fusha By Marie Claudinette Jean
  14. ^ "Wyclef Jean – Wyclef And Wife Renew Vows – Contactmusic News". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  15. ^ "Wyclef Jean Appointed Haitian Goodwill Ambassador". XXLmag.com. October 19, 2007. Retrieved January 13, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Wyclef Jean to be Haiti’s roving ambassador – Entertainment – Celebrities – TODAY Show". MSNBC. January 3, 2007. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  17. ^ (French) [1][dead link]
  18. ^ Osorio, Kim (March 22, 2011). "Police In Haiti Say Wyclef Was Not Shot". BET. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  19. ^ "Wyclef Jean shot in hand in Haiti". CNN. March 20, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Fugees > Overview". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Fugees – Chart History: R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved February 20, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b Peak chart positions for albums in the United Kingdom:
  23. ^ "Certifications Albums Or – année 1997" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  24. ^ a b "Fugees – Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved February 20, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 63, No. 19, June 24, 1996". RPM. Walt Grealis. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Discographie Fugees". lescharts.com (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Chartverfolgung / Fugees / Longplay". musicline.de (in German). Media Control Charts. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank: Fugees" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  29. ^ Trust, Gary (September 9, 2012). "Ask Billboard: Taylor Swift Vs. Carrie Underwood, Continued". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Chartverfolgung / Fugees / Single". musicline.de (in German). Media Control Charts. Retrieved September 8, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Melky Sedeck Discography at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  32. ^ "MTV Europe Music Awards: The nominations". BBC News. October 2, 2000. 
  33. ^ Peisner, David (February 2007). "Rock Stars Who've Caught Fire Onstage!". Blender Magazine Online. Retrieved 2007-03-02. 
  34. ^ Ghosts Of Cité Soleil – Casting Info (2005)
  35. ^ Film Journal International (June 27, 2007): Ghosts of Cité Soleil (review by Frank Lovece)
  36. ^ Pras Goes Homeless On Film, Says Fugees CD Is 'Dead'
  37. ^ Wyclef Jean interview by Pete Lewis, 'Blues & Soul' December 2008
  38. ^ Lil Wayne Will Be Joining Wyclef Jean On His Next Single “Seventeen”
  39. ^ a b "Wyclef: Leading The Revolution" by Han O'Connor (Allhiphop)
  40. ^ "Wyclef Revisits Hip-Hop Roots On 'Toussaint: St. Jean' EP". Billboard. September 14, 2009. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  41. ^ Wyclef Video Pulled Over Tupac Autopsy Image | News | BET
  42. ^ Tupac Shakur: Fake Autopsy Music Video Dispute SETTLED | TMZ.com
  43. ^ Jenna Wortham (January 15, 2010). "Burst of Mobile Giving via Cellphone Text Messages Adds Millions in Relief Funds". The New York Times. 
  44. ^ David Itzikoff (January 15, 2010). "Details of "Hope for Haiti" telethon are announced". New York Times. 
  45. ^ Elizabeth McAlister (2012). "Soundscapes of Disaster and Humanitarianism: Survival Singing, Relief Telethons, and the Haiti Earthquake". Small Axe (2012): 22-38. 
  46. ^ "Beyonce and Madonna Join Hope for Haiti Telethon". New York Times. January 21, 2010. 
  47. ^ STATEMENT BY WYCLEF JEAN ON HAITI EARTHQUAKE
  48. ^ "Wyclef Jean Haiti Earthquake Appeal". 3threat Media. January 13, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  49. ^ a b Deborah Sontag (October 11, 2012). "In Haiti, Little Can Be Found of a Hip-Hop Artists Charity". New York Times. 
  50. ^ Stephanie Strom (February 5, 2010). "Haitian Quake Brings More Money and Scrutiny to a Charity". New York Times. 
  51. ^ Matthew Perpetua (2011-09-15). "Wyclef Jean: I'm A Big Fan of Sarah Palin | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  52. ^ McKay, Hollie. Hollywood bailing on President Obama and the Democratic National Convention, FOX News, August 24, 2012.
  53. ^ Wyclef: "I ain't a Republican (...) I don't support Republicans." | YouTube interview [2]
  54. ^ "It's Official: Wyclef Jean Running for President of Haiti". Exclaim! August 5, 2010
  55. ^ "Wyclef Jean to Run for President of Haiti?". UsMagazine.com. 
  56. ^ "Wyclef Jean Mulling Run for President of Haiti". Billboard. September 14, 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  57. ^ "Musician Wyclef Jean to run for Haiti president". British Broadcasting Corporation. August 4, 2010. 
  58. ^ "Wyclef Jean files election papers for Haiti presidency". BBC News. August 5, 2010. 
  59. ^ "Wyclef Jean files papers to stand for Haiti president". BBC News. August 6, 2010. Retrieved August 6, 2010. 
  60. ^ "Exclaim News: Arcade Fire’s Win Butler Adds Opposition to Wyclef Jean’s Haitian Presidential Plans". Exclaim!. March 3, 2004. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  61. ^ "Haiti ruling ends Wyclef Jean's run for president". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 2010-08-21. [dead link]
  62. ^ "Wyclef Jean fighting to get name on Haiti presidential ballot". CNN. August 22, 2010. 
  63. ^ NICK SCHAGER (October 31, 2006). "FILM : MOVIE REVIEW : Shottas". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  64. ^ "Shottas (2 discs) – DVD". Sony Pictures. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  65. ^ Partizan – Commercials – Doug Nichol
  66. ^ MTV Online
  67. ^ "MTV Act Blog". Think.mtv.com. February 9, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  68. ^ "The Electric Company: Wyclef Jean Music Video: Electric City on Vimeo". Vimeo.com. 2009-01-19. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  69. ^ Leffler, Rebecca (2006). "Inner City Blues". Filmmaker Magazine (ifp) (Fall 2006). Retrieved January 29, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Trevor Nelson
MTV Africa Music Awards host
2009
Succeeded by
Eve