Wylie Vale

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Wylie W. Vale, Jr.
Born (1941-07-03)July 3, 1941
Houston, Texas
Died January 3, 2012(2012-01-03) (aged 70)
Hana, Hawaii
Citizenship United States of America
Fields Endocrinology
Institutions Salk Institute
Alma mater Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine
Doctoral advisor Roger Guillemin
Known for discovery of key neuroendocrine hormones[1]
Notable awards Fred Conrad Koch Award [2]
Hans Selye award[3]

Wylie Walker Vale Jr. (July 3, 1941 – January 3, 2012) was an American endocrinologist who helped identify hormones controlling basic bodily functions.[4][5]

Early life and education[edit]

Vale was born in Houston, Texas, on July 3, 1941. He completed a B.A. degree in biology at Rice University and obtained a Ph.D. in physiology and biochemistry from Baylor College of Medicine. He commenced employment at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego, California, in 1970.[6]

Career[edit]

In collaboration with his advisor and mentor Roger Guillemin, Vale contributed to the discovery, isolation and identification of thyrotropin releasing hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone in the 1970s;[citation needed] work that led to the Nobel Prize for Guillemin.[7]

At the Salk Institute, Vale led efforts in identifying the group of hormones involved in human growth, reproduction and temperature.[8] His group discovered, isolated and identified corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRF/CRH) in 1981 and growth hormone releasing factor (GHRF) in 1982.[7]

Vale also founded two biotechnology companies, Neurocrine Biosciences and Acceleron Pharma.[7]

Vale was head of both the Clayton Foundation Laboratories for Peptide Biology and the Helen McLoraine Chair in Molecular Neurobiology at the Salk Institute.[6] He died in 2012.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Montminy, M.; Lee, K. -F.; Rivier, J. E.; Rivier, C.; Reichlin, S. (2012). "Wylie Vale: Neuroendocrine master". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (10): 3604–3605. doi:10.1073/pnas.1201696109. PMC 3309770. PMID 22355104.  edit
  2. ^ Crowley Jr, W. F. (1997). "Citation for the 1997 Fred Conrad Koch Award of the Endocrine Society to Wylie Vale". Endocrine Reviews 18 (4): 612–613. PMID 9267765.  edit
  3. ^ "Wylie W. Vale. Recipient of the 1994 Hans Selye Award". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 771: xii–xiv. 1995. PMID 8597388.  edit
  4. ^ Evans, R. (2012). "Wylie Walker Vale Jr (1941–2012)". Nature 483 (7391): 542. doi:10.1038/483542a.  edit
  5. ^ Stenvers, K. L.; Findlay, J. K. (2012). "Inhibins and activins: Towards the future. A tribute to the late Professor Wylie W. Vale". Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 359 (1-2): 1. doi:10.1016/j.mce.2012.03.001. PMID 22406753.  edit
  6. ^ a b c "Wylie Vale, Salk scientist, pioneer and leader, dies at 70" (Press release). Salk Institute. January 6, 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  7. ^ a b c McLellan, Dennis (January 20, 2012), Wylie W. Vale Jr., who made critical discoveries in brain chemistry, dies (reprint (Los Angeles Times original)), The Washington Post, washingtonpost.com, retrieved 2012-01-21 
  8. ^ Wade, Nicholas (January 15, 2012). "Wylie Vale Jr., Groundbreaking Endocrinologist, Dies at 70". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-16.