Wynford Eagle

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Coordinates: 50°45′40″N 2°35′42″W / 50.761°N 2.595°W / 50.761; -2.595

Wynford Eagle
Wynford Eagle Church - geograph.org.uk - 1268594.jpg
Church of St Lawrence, Wynford Eagle
Wynford Eagle is located in Dorset
Wynford Eagle
Wynford Eagle
 Wynford Eagle shown within Dorset
Population 70 [1]
OS grid reference SY581959
District West Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Dorchester
Postcode district DT2
Dialling code 01305
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament West Dorset
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Wynford Eagle is a hamlet and small parish in Dorset, England, situated in the West Dorset administrative district approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southwest of Maiden Newton and 7.5 miles (12.1 km) northwest of Dorchester. Dorset County Council's 2012 mid-year estimate of the parish population is 70.[1]

The parish contains barrows, and Roman remains have been unearthed here, including mosaic pavements, which have led to its identification as a villa site. The parish used to be in the hundred of Tollerford.

Toponymy[edit]

The village was recorded as Wenfrot in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as Wynfrod Egle in 1288.[2] The name Wynford derives from the Celtic wïnn and frud, meaning a white or bright stream.[2] The affix Eagle derives from the 13th-century manorial family, described as being called either de Aquila,[3] de l'Aigle or del Egle.[2]

Manor house[edit]

The manor house, now Manor Farm, rebuilt in 1630, was from 1551 for many years the seat of the Puritan Sydenham family, to which belonged the distinguished physician Thomas Sydenham (1624–1689). The family lost the property in scandalous circumstances, the last Sydenham owner dying in Dorchester prison in 1709.

The estate was later acquired by the Best family, originally of Somerset, for whom the title of Baron Wynford was created in 1829. The same family remain the principal landowners.

Church[edit]

The church of Saint Lawrence, formerly a chapelry of the church of Toller Fratrum, and later annexed to it as a perpetual curacy, was rebuilt in 1842 but preserves a striking Norman tympanum, carved with two wyverns, probably intended to represent eagles, as a pun on the name of Matilda de l'Aigle, who presumably commissioned it, according to one of the two inscriptions; the other names the sculptor, Alvy or Alvi.

Today, the church is little used. At Christmas there is a small service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Parish Population Data". Dorset County Council. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c David Mills, ed. (2011). "A Dictionary of British Place Names". Oxford University Press. p. 514. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Roland Gant (1980). Dorset Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. p. 136. ISBN 0 7091 8135 3. 

External links[edit]