Wyoming Army National Guard

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The Wyoming Army National Guard is the Army National Guard of Wyoming. It includes army aviation, construction engineers, field artillery and medical asset units. It was reorganized in 1996, consolidating its two field artillery battalions into a single battalion. A ribbon bridge company and rear operations center for an infantry division were added to the Guard.

It is administered by the Wyoming Military Department, part of the Wyoming state government.[1] The Wyoming Military Department's goal is to provide a trained, quality-based force, supported by appropriate equipment, facilities and real property, technology, and services to successfully execute state and federal missions.

History[edit]

The Wyoming Army National Guard was established in 1870, during the Wyoming Territory period, when territorial Governor John A. Campbell authorized the division of the Wyoming Territory into three military districts. On December 31, 1871, a law passed by the Wyoming Territorial Assembly gave legal sanction to volunteer militia companies of not less than 40 men.

The first federally recognized Wyoming unit was Company A, 1st Wyoming Regiment: The Laramie Grays, organized in 1888. The Laramie Grays were followed by the organization of Company B: The Cheyenne Guard the same year. Several other units including the Cheyenne Rangers, the 1st Regiment, the Wyoming Home Guard, and the Wyoming Rangers were formed because of concerns over conflicts with Native American tribes but were short-lived.

When Wyoming became a state in 1890, constitutional provisions allowed for the formation of units in Buffalo, Evanston, Douglas, Green River, Rock Springs, Rawlins and Sheridan.

Wyoming's first artillery unit, Battery A, and a regimental band were formed in May, 1894. The artillery unit was equipped with two three-inch Hotchkiss guns, drawn by horse.

The Wyoming National Guard was first federally mobilized during the Spanish-American War in 1898. Since then, the Guard has seen active service in the Mexican Punitive Campaign, World War I, World War II, the Berlin Crisis and Korea. Wyoming Guard units have also served in Desert Storm, the Bosnia peacekeeping force, Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom and Hurricane Katrina response.[2]

The Wyoming National Guard 300th Armored Field Artillery Battalion was commemorated in 1983 as part of the National Guard Heritage Painting series at the Pentagon for their combat action during the Battle of Soyang during the Korean War.[2]

Units[edit]

  • 115th Fires Brigade[3]
  • 960th BSB
  • 213th Regiment Wyoming Regional Training Institute (RTI)
  • Training Site Command
  • Headquarters, JFHQ
    • Det. 53 Operational Support Airlift Command
    • 1900th Contract Team
  • 94th Troop Command
    • 94th Troop Command HQ
    • 1041st Engineer Company
      • Detachment 1
      • Detachment 2
    • 133rd Engineer Company
    • 67th Army Band
    • 197th Public Affairs Detachment
  • WY ARNG Medical Command

[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/arng-wy.htm
  2. ^ a b http://www.wy.ngb.army.mil/history/
  3. ^ Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 197th Armored Cavalry Group, and the 115th and 117th Tank Battalions consolidated 1 March 1951 to form the 115th Armored Cavalry, with Headquarters at Cheyenne. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 115th Armored Cavalry, converted and redesignated 16 January 1953 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 115th Field Artillery Group (remainder of regiment—hereafter separate lineages). Redesignated 1 August 1959 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 115th Artillery Group. Consolidated 18 December 1967 with Company C, 102d Engineer Battalion (organized and Federally recognized 25 September 1956 at Cheyenne), and consolidated unit designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 115th Artillery Group. Redesignated 1 May 1972 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 115th Field Artillery Group. Redesignated 1 September 1978 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 115th Field Artillery Brigade. CMH-60-11, Part 1, page 161
  4. ^ http://www.wy.ngb.army.mil/units/

External links[edit]