E-mu 20K

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E-MU 20K is the commercial name for a line of audio chips by Creative Technology, commercially known as the Sound Blaster X-Fi chipset. The series comprises the E-MU 20K1 (CA20K1) and E-MU 20K2 (CA20K2) audio chips.

The 20K1 chip was launched in August 2005, and ever since it has been used in a variety of audio solutions from Creative, and more recently third-party manufacturers, such as Auzentech and Audiotrak.

The audio processor on X-Fi was the most powerful at its time of release, offering an extremely robust sample rate conversion (SRC) engine in addition to enhanced internal sound channel routing options and greater 3D audio enhancement capabilities. A significant portion of the audio processing unit was devoted to this resampling engine. The SRC engine was far more capable than previous Creative sound card offerings, a limitation that had been a major thorn in Creative's side. Most digital audio is sampled at 44.1 kHz, a standard no doubt related to CD-DA, while sound cards were often designed to process audio at 48 kHz. So, the 44.1 kHz audio must be resampled to 48 kHz (Creative's previous cards' DSPs operated at 48 kHz) for the audio DSP to be able to process and affect it. A poor resampling implementation introduces artifacts into the audio which can be heard, and measured as higher intermodulation distortion, within higher frequencies (generally 16 kHz and up).[1] X-Fi's resampling engine produces a near-lossless-quality result, far exceeding any known audio card DSP available at the time of release. This functionality is used not only for simple audio playback, but for several other features of the card such as the "Crystalizer", a technology that claims to improve the clarity of digital music through digital analysis (supported by all X-Fi models, including the Xtreme Audio and X-Mod).

The X-Fi name has also been applied to cards based on the CA0106 and CA0110 chips, which belong to the previous generation Live!/Audigy series.

Specifications[edit]

The 130 nm, 51 million transistors audio processor operates at 400 MHz and its computational power is estimated at 10,000 MIPS, which is about 24 times higher than the estimated performance of its predecessor – the Audigy processor. E-MU 20K features the Quartet DSP, a set of 4 identical digital signal processors interconnected with a wide ring bus.

The CA20K1 chip is a slave processor which requires a host CPU to control it. The CA20K2 adds an embedded RISC processor which controls the audio part; this configuration safeguards against the audio latency of its PCI Express interface. 20K2 also has more I/O ports, a DDR SDRAM memory interface, and a built-in Universal Audio Architecture component.

A big improvement in the X-Fi DSP over the previous Audigy design, is the complete overhaul of the resampling engine on the card. The previous Audigy cards had their DSPs locked at 48 kHz/16-bit, meaning any content that didn't match this format had to be resampled on the card in hardware, which resulted in serious intermodulation distortion. For the X-Fi, Creative completely rewrote the resampling engine and dedicated more than half of the power of the DSP to the process, resulting in a very clean resample.[citation needed] Furthermore, in "Audio Creation mode" with "bit-matched playback" option, the X-Fi can work with real 44,100 Hz sample rate without any kind of resampling or other signal processing.[citation needed]

Applications[edit]

Sound Blaster X-Fi series[edit]

Card Release Signal-to-noise ratio Interface Chip RAM Notes
Elite Pro Aug '05 116 dB PCI EMU20K1 64 MB additional software included
Fatal1ty Aug '05 109 dB PCI EMU20K1 64 MB also known as: Fatal1ty FPS / Fatal1ty Edition / Platinum Fatal1ty Champion
Platinum Aug '05 109 dB PCI EMU20K1 2 MB
XtremeMusic Aug '05 109 dB PCI EMU20K1 2 MB
Digital Audio Sep '05 109 dB PCI EMU20K1 2 MB Japan-only variant of XtremeMusic, with additional jack extension.
XtremeGamer Oct '06 109 dB PCI EMU20K1 2 MB Low profile card (half height), replacement for XtremeMusic.
XtremeGamer Fatal1ty Pro Oct '06 109 dB PCI EMU20K1 64 MB Basically the original Fatal1ty/Fatal1ty Edition/Fatal1ty FPS/Platinum Fatal1ty Champion card without the I/O drive box and remote control.
Titanium Fatal1ty Champion Jun '08 109 dB PCIe EMU20K2 64 MB
Titanium Fatal1ty Professional Jun '08 109 dB PCIe EMU20K2 64 MB Basically the Titanium Fatal1ty Champion without the I/O drive box.
Titanium Professional Audio Jun '08 109 dB PCIe EMU20K2 16 MB Asia-only variant of X-Fi Titanium with minijack-to-2RCA cable and EMI shield.
Titanium Sep '08 109 dB PCIe EMU20K2 16 MB First X-Fi card for which Creative Labs made available a software-based implementation of Dolby Digital Live to allow for real-time encoding to DD 5.1 and subsequent output over the optical out port. DDL is also available for all other Titanium models.
Titanium HD Mar '10 122 dB PCIe EMU20K2 64 MB First card with THX TruStudio PC audio technology.[2] Top quality current output Burr-Brown Advanced Segment PCM1794 DAC. First stereo-based internal Creative PCI/PCI-E sound card with gold-plated RCA out since the ISA AWE64 Gold. Only available in certain markets.

Third party[edit]

Card Release Signal-to-noise ratio Chipset RAM Notes
Auzen X-Fi Prelude Aug '07 *(120dB) EMU20K1 64 MB High-end X-Fi product designed and marketed by Auzentech with Creative Labs' collaboration
Auzen X-Fi Forte Jan '09 *(120dB for Front, 114dB for center, rear, side, woofer) EMU20K2 64 MB Low profile card (half-height) and PCIe support variant of Prelude, High-end X-Fi product designed and marketed by Auzentech with Creative Labs' collaboration
Auzen X-Fi HomeTheater HD Jul '09 109dB EMU20K2 64 MB High-end All-round variant of Auzentech X-Fi especially focusing on HDMI 1.3a and HD audio path-through.[3] Software support for HD audio pass-through.[4]
Gigabyte G1.Assassin Mar '11 108dB CA20K2 128 MB[5] Gaming LGA1366 XL-ATX motherboard with onboard X-Fi chip.
Gigabyte G1.Sniper Mar '11 108dB CA20K2 64 MB Gaming LGA1366 E-ATX motherboard with onboard X-Fi chip.
Onkyo WAVIO SE-300PCIE Apr '11 120dB CA20K2 -[6] Flagship product with daughter card providing 7.1 output, dedicated line in, and microphone. In addition to digital in/out, headphones, and RCA output.
Gigabyte G1.Sniper 2 Aug '11 108dB CA20K2 64 MB Gaming LGA1155 E-ATX motherboard with onboard X-Fi chip.
Gigabyte G1.Assassin 2 Nov '11 108dB CA20K2 128 MB Gaming LGA2011 E-ATX motherboard with onboard X-Fi chip.
  • Auzentech mentions only the DAC's ideal theoretical SNR being 120 dB (AKM AK-4396).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 오디지2 업샘플링(리샘플링) 품질확인 - 오디지(creative,KX), 푸바(PPHS)
  2. ^ Creative.com, Press release, 7th Jan 2010
  3. ^ Auzentech official web-page of Auzentech X-Fi HomeTheater HD
  4. ^ Auzentech official page of HomeTheater HD to explain about PowerDVD support
  5. ^ http://forum.xbitlabs.com/viewtopic.php?t=18576
  6. ^ Images of X-Fi chip do not appear to have X-RAM chip near by.

External links[edit]