X-Men in other media

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Adaptations of the X-Men in other media
Created by Stan Lee
Jack Kirby
Original source Comics published by Marvel Comics
First appearance X-Men #1 (September 1963)
Print publications
Novel(s) X-Men: Dark Mirror
X-Men Mutant Empire Saga
Reference book(s) Science of the X-Men
Films and television
Film(s) Generation X (1996)
X-Men (2000)
X2 (2003)
X-Men: The Last Stand (2006)
X-Men Origins: Wolverine (2009)
X-Men: First Class (2011)
The Wolverine (2013)
X-Men: Days of Future Past (2014)
Television
show(s)
The Pryde of the X-Men (1989)
X-Men (1992)
X-Men: Evolution (2000)
Wolverine and the X-Men (2008)
Games
Video game(s)
Further information: List of X-Men video games

The X-Men are a fictional superhero team created by Marvel Comics that appear in comic books and various forms of media.

Animation[edit]

The Marvel Super Heroes[edit]

The X-Men made their first ever animated appearance on the The Marvel Super Heroes TV series in 1966 with Professor X commanding the original X-Men line-up of the Cyclops, the Beast, Marvel Girl, Angel, and Iceman. The X-Men appeared in the Sub-Mariner episode "Dr. Doom's Day / The Doomed Allegiance / Tug of Death". Though the episode was adapted from Fantastic Four #6 (1962) and Fantastic Four Annual #3 (1965), Grantray-Lawrence Animation did not have the rights to the Fantastic Four (their series was produced by Hanna-Barbera), and so instead substituted the X-Men.[1] The X-Men are never referred to in this episode as the X-Men but rather as the Allies for Peace.[2] The characters kept their original looks and individual names from the comics.

1980s[edit]

Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends[edit]

The X-Men guest-starred in several episodes of Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, which included Iceman, along with Spider-Man and Firestar, as the main characters, starting with a flashback in "The Origin of Iceman".[2] Appearing in this particular episode are Professor X and the five original X-Men: Iceman, Angel, Beast, Marvel Girl, and Cyclops (for the continuity of the show, Firestar was also a former member of the X-Men). X-Men member Sunfire would also pop up on his own in a later episode teaming up with the Amazing Friends, as well as representing a romantic interest for Firestar.

The X-Men's next appearance was in the episode "A Firestar is Born",[2] which included appearances from Professor X, Storm, Angel, Cyclops, Wolverine, and Juggernaut (and cameos by Magneto and a Sentinel).

The X-Men would return the following season in the episode entitled "The X-Men Adventure".[2] Making appearances this time were: Professor X, Cyclops, Sprite, Storm, Nightcrawler, Colossus, and Thunderbird. This episode was meant to be a pilot for an X-Men cartoon that was slated to feature the X-Men characters, plus Lady Lightning (an animated version of Carol Danvers/Ms. Marvel) and Videoman as members.[3] The series was never produced.

Pryde of the X-Men television pilot[edit]

In 1989, Marvel Productions produced a half-hour pilot X-Men episode titled X-Men: Pryde of the X-Men. It related the story of Kitty Pryde's first adventure with the team of mutants (who included Professor X, Cyclops, Storm, Wolverine Colossus, Nightcrawler, and Dazzler) as they fought against Magneto, the White Queen, Juggernaut, Blob, Pyro, and Toad. [2] The series was never picked up but the single episode aired infrequently in syndication during the Marvel Action Universe series and was released on video in 1990.[1]

In 1991, a six-player arcade game and a four-player version were based upon the pilot starring Cyclops, Colossus, Wolverine, Storm, Nightcrawler, and Dazzler as the playable characters. Kitty Pryde and Professor X also appear.

1990s[edit]

X-Men[edit]

In 1992, the Fox network launched an X-Men animated series with the roster of Cyclops, Wolverine, Rogue, Storm, Beast, Gambit, Jubilee, Jean Grey, and Professor X with secondary background player Morph making occasional appearances. The two-part pilot episode, "Night of the Sentinels" set off what would become a five-season series. It was an extraordinary success and helped to widen the X-Men's popularity.[2] The five seasons ended in 1997. It returned to Fox's line-up for several months after the first movie was released in 2000.

Spider-Man[edit]

The X-Men guest starred on Spider-Man when Spider-Man seeks Professor X's help with his growing mutation disease. Storm would later guest-star in the Secret Wars arc.[2]

Fantastic Four[edit]

In 1995, Cyclops, Jean Grey, Gambit, Wolverine, Storm, and Juggernaut, along with Scarlet Spider, made very quick cameos in the Fantastic Four series, in the episode "Nightmare in Green", as the Human Torch flies overhead.

2000s[edit]

X-Men: Evolution[edit]

In 2000, The WB Network launched the X-Men: Evolution television series, which portrayed the X-Men as teenagers attending a regular public high school in addition to the Xavier Institute. The series ended in 2003 after its fourth season. The show focused on Cyclops, Jean Grey, Spyke (Storm's nephew), Storm, Wolverine, Rogue, Beast, Shadowcat and Nightcrawler.[2]

Spider-Man: The New Animated Series[edit]

In 2003, while not physically making an appearance, the X-Men and mutant-kind are mentioned in an episode of the short-lived CGI series Spider-Man: The New Animated Series called "The Party". Peter Parker is quoted as saying, "I bet the X-Men get to go to parties." Soon after, he is ambushed by a group of cops, one of them calling him a "mutant freak".

X-Men: Darktide[edit]

In 2006, Minimates released a short animated brickfilm called X-Men: Darktide on DVD with a box set of figures. The story involved the X-Men battling the Brotherhood at an oil rig. The X-Men team consists of Cyclops, Jean Grey, Archangel, Wolverine, Beast, Xavier and Storm. The Brotherhood team is Mystique, Magneto and Juggernaut.

Wolverine and the X-Men[edit]

In 2008, Marvel Studios released a new X-Men animated show that featured Wolverine. This series used a mesh of 2D/3D animation for characters and backgrounds. Avi Arad, CEO of Marvel Studios, stated "X-Men is one of Marvel's crown jewels and it makes sense to focus on the popular Wolverine character for our second animation project." The new series titled Wolverine and the X-Men debuted in the United States on January 23, 2009 and in the U.K. in February. It also aired in Latin America and Canada. The team consisted of Wolverine, Emma Frost, Jean Grey, Cyclops, Angel, Nightcrawler, Storm, Iceman, Rogue, Kitty Pryde (Shadowcat) and Beast. The show was cancelled after just one season due to financing issues.[2]

The Super Hero Squad Show[edit]

The X-Men have appeared on Cartoon Network's The Super Hero Squad Show.

2010s[edit]

Marvel Anime: X-Men[edit]

As part of a four-series collaboration between the Japanese Madhouse animation house and Marvel, the X-Men starred in a 12 episode anime series that premiered in Japan on Animax and in the United States on G4 in 2011.[4] The series deals with the X-Men coming to Japan to investigate the disappearance of Armor. The antagonists are reported to be the U-Men.[5]

Marvel Anime: Wolverine[edit]

As part of the same four-series collaboration as described above, several characters from the X-Men franchise, including Wolverine and Cyclops, are featured in a 12 episode anime series aired in Japan on Animax and in the United States on G4.

Films[edit]

Main article: X-Men (film series)

The X-Men film series currently consists of six superhero films based on the fictional Marvel Comics team of the same name. The first three films focus on the conflict between Professor Xavier and Magneto, who have opposing views on humanity's relationship with mutants. While Xavier believes humanity and mutants can coexist, Magneto believes a war is coming, which he intends to fight (and win).

20th Century Fox bought the film rights to the characters in 1994. After numerous drafts, Bryan Singer was hired to direct X-Men for a 2000 release. Singer returned for the 2003 sequel X2, but left the franchise to direct Superman Returns. Singer was offered directing positions for other X-Men films, but declined, citing scheduling conflicts. Brett Ratner directed X-Men: The Last Stand for a 2006 release. Critics praised Singer's films for their dark, realistic tone, and focus on prejudice as a subtext. Although Ratner's film was met with mixed reviews, it out-grossed both of its predecessors.

There have been two spin-offs set before the three films: X-Men Origins: Wolverine, directed by Gavin Hood, was released on May 1, 2009, and X-Men: First Class, directed by Matthew Vaughn was released in June 2011. Other movies include a further Wolverine spin-off, The Wolverine, set in Japan, and X-Men: Days of Future Past, a sequel to both the original trilogy and X-Men: First Class. A Deadpool spin-off is also anticipated, with Ryan Reynolds portraying the titular character of Deadpool. The Wolverine with James Mangold was released in July 2013. X-Men: Days of Future Past, with Singer returning to direct, was released in 2014 and a sequel to Days of Future Past titled X-Men: Apocalypse will be out in 2016. The future of a possible Deadpool movie still remains uncertain.[6] X-Force and a Wolverine sequel are in development.

Video games[edit]

Early X-Men games[edit]

The first X-Men video game was released by Josh Toevs and LJN for the NES and was called The Uncanny X-Men. That same year (1989) a computer game was also released called X-Men: Madness in Murderworld.

Konami also created an X-Men arcade game in 1992, which featured six playable X-Men characters: Colossus, Cyclops, Dazzler, Nightcrawler, Storm, and Wolverine.

X-Men games co-starring Spider-Man[edit]

In 1992, the X-Men teamed up with Spider-Man for Spider-Man/X-Men: Arcade's Revenge for every major system of the time.

The X-Men made a few appearances in Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro. Professor X (Daran Norris) and Rogue (Jennifer Hale) run a Danger Room simulation for the player to train in. Beast (Dee Bradley Baker) appears in the first level to demonstrate the controller functions to the player.

Sega Genesis and Super Nintendo's X-Men games[edit]

In the 1990s, Sega released two popular X-Men video games for its Sega Genesis; X-Men and X-Men 2: Clone Wars. Wolverine starred in a solo game in 1994 for both the Super Nintendo and Sega Genesis titled Wolverine: Adamantium Rage. That same year, the X-Men appeared in the X-Men: Mutant Apocalypse game for the Super Nintendo.

Fighting games[edit]

The X-Men are featured in many 2-D & 3-D Fighting games by Capcom & Activision

In order of release:

X-Men:Children of the Atom

Marvel Super Heroes

X-Men vs. Street Fighter

Marvel Super Heroes vs. Street Fighter

Marvel vs. Capcom

X-Men: Mutant Academy

Marvel vs. Capcom 2: New Age of Heroes

X-Men: Mutant Academy 2

X-Men: Next Dimension

Marvel vs. Capcom3 : Fate of Two Worlds

Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3

Film-based games[edit]

To coincide with the release of the third film, Activision released X-Men: The Official Game which filled in gaps between X2: X-Men United and X-Men: The Last Stand, such as explaining Nightcrawler's absence from the third film.

Marvel: Ultimate Alliance[edit]

Deadpool, Iceman, Storm, and Wolverine are playable in the major Marvel video game, Marvel: Ultimate Alliance. Colossus is playable on the Xbox 360, Wii and PS3 versions of the game, and Jean Grey is playable on the GBA version. Cyclops, Jean Grey, Nightcrawler, Professor X, and Psylocke appear as NPC's on all versions while Beast, Forge, Karma and Dr. Moira MacTaggert were mentioned by different characters. In addition, during a cut-scene, Beast, Colossus, Cyclops, Gambit, Magneto, Professor Xavier, Psylocke, and Shadowcat were seen defeated by Doctor Doom alongside the Hulk. Xbox 360 owners were later able to download eight new playable characters for the game, including X-Men heroes and villains: Cyclops, Magneto, Nightcrawler, and Sabretooth.[7]

In Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2, Wolverine, Deadpool, Iceman, Storm, Gambit, and Jean Grey are featured as playable characters while Cyclops and Psylocke are exclusive to PS2, PSP and Wii. While Colossus appears as an NPC. In the briefing that follows the Wakanda incident, Captain America and Iron Man mention that the other X-Men members have been absorbed into The Fold. Psylocke, Cable, Magneto and Juggernaut were later added as downloadable characters for Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2.

Books[edit]

Science of the X-Men by Linc Yaco and Karen Haber explains how different superpowers would work and how such abilities would affect the people that have them. The mutants featured include Quicksilver, Wolverine, Shadowcat, and Nightcrawler.[8]

Several X-Men novels have been published.

Title Author Publisher ISBN Release Date Notes
The Marvel Superheroes Len Wein
Marv Wolfman
(editors)
Pocket Books 0671820915 / 9780671820916 August 1979 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #9; short story collection; includes stories featuring the Avengers, Daredevil, the X-Men, and the Hulk.
X-Men: Cyclops and Phoenix Paul Mantell
Avery Hart
Random House 0679876596 / 9780679876595 October 1995 Young adult novel; "based on comics by Scott Lobdell"
X-Men: Sabretooth Unleashed Vicki Kamida Random House 0679876618 / 9780679876618 October 1995 Young adult novel; "based on comics by Larry Hama and Fabian Nicieza"
X-Men: Mutant Empire Book One: Siege Christopher Golden Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572971142 / 9781572971141 May 1996 First in Mutant Empire trilogy; is followed by Mutant Empire Book Two: Sanctuary
The Ultimate X-Men Stan Lee (editor) Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972173 / 9781572972179 October 1996 Short story collection
X-Men: Mutant Empire Book Two: Sanctuary Christopher Golden Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572971800 / 9781572971806 November 1996 Second in Mutant Empire trilogy; is followed by Mutant Empire Book Three: Salvation
X-Men: Mutant Empire Book Three: Salvation Christopher Golden Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972475 / 9781572972476 May 1997 Third in Mutant Empire trilogy
Generation X Scott Lobdell
Elliot S. Maggin
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972238 / 9781572972230 June 1997
X-Men: Smoke and Mirrors Eluki Bes Shahar Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972912 / 9781572972919 September 1997
X-Men: Empire's End Diane Duane Putnam/BPMC (hardback); Berkley Boulevard/BPMC (paperback) 0399143343 / 9780399143342 (hardback); 0425164489
9780425164488 (paperback)
October 1997 (hardback)
September 1998 (paperback)
X-Men: The Jewels of Cyttorak Dean Wesley Smith Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572973293 / 9781572973299 December 1997
X-Men: Law of the Jungle Dave Smeds Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425164861 / 9780425164860 March 1998
X-Men: Prisoner X Ann Nocenti Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425164934 / 9780425164938 May 1998
Star Trek: The Next Generation/X-Men: Planet X Michael Jan Friedman Pocket Books 0671019163 / 9780671019167 May 1998 One of three separate crossovers between Marvel (all three featuring the X-Men) and Star Trek (the other two in the comics); Marvel at the time was publishing Star Trek comics (1996–1998)
X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 1: The Past Tom DeFalco
Jason Henderson
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425164527 / 9780425164525 July 1998 First in Time's Arrow trilogy; is followed by Time's Arrow Book 2: The Present
X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 2: The Present Tom DeFalco
Adam-Troy Castro
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425164152 / 9780425164150 August 1998 Second in Time's Arrow trilogy; is followed by Time's Arrow Book 3: The Future
X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 3: The Future Tom DeFalco
Eluki Bes Shahar
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425165000 / 9780425165003 September 1998 Third in Time's Arrow trilogy
X-Men: Codename Wolverine Christopher Golden Putnam/BPMC (hardback); Berkley Boulevard/BPMC (paperback) 0399144501 / 9780399144509 (hardback); 0425171116
9780425171110 (paperback)
October 1998 (hardback); May 2000 (paperback)
Generation X: Crossroads J. Steven York Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425166317 / 9780425166314 November 1998
X-Men: Soul Killer Richard Lee Byers Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425167372 / 9780425167373 February 1999
X-Men and the Avengers: Gamma Quest Book 1: Lost and Found Greg Cox Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425169731 / 9780425169735 July 1999 First in Gamma Quest trilogy; is followed by Gamma Quest Book 2: Search and Rescue
X-Men and the Avengers: Gamma Quest Book 2: Search and Rescue Greg Cox Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425169898 / 9780425169896 August 1999 Second in Gamma Quest trilogy; is followed by Gamma Quest Book 3: Friend or Foe?
X-Men and the Avengers: Gamma Quest Book 2: Friend or Foe? Greg Cox Berkley Boulevard 0425170381 / 9780425170380 June 2000 Third in Gamma Quest trilogy
X-Men Legends Stan Lee (editor) Berkley Boulevard 0425170829 / 9780425170823 June 2000 Short story collection
X-Men: Shadows of the Past Michael Jan Friedman BP Books/iBooks 0743400186 / 9780743400183 (hardback); 074342378X / 978-0743423786 (paperback) June 2000 (hardback)
June 2001 (paperback)
X-Men Kristine Kathryn Rusch, Dean Wesley Smith Del Rey 0345440951 / 9780345440952 June 2000 Novelization of 2000 X-Men movie
X-Men/Doctor Doom: The Chaos Engine Book One Steven A. Roman BP Books/iBooks 0613950569 / 978-0613950565 (hardback); 0743400194
9780743400190 (paperback)
0743434838 / 9780743434836 (paperback)
July 2000 (hardback); July 2000 (paperback); August 2001 (paperback) First in Chaos Engine trilogy; is followed by X-Men/Magneto: The Chaos Engine Book Two
X-Men/Magneto: The Chaos Engine Book Two Steven A. Roman BP Books/iBooks 0613950569 / 9780613950565 (hardback)
0743400232 / 9780743400237 (paperback)
0743445465 / 9780743445467 (paperback)
July 2000 (hardback); January 2002 (paperback); December 2002 (paperback) Second in Chaos Engine trilogy; is followed by X-Men/Red Skull: The Chaos Engine Book Three
Five Decades of the X-Men Stan Lee (editor) BP Books/iBooks 0743435001 / 9780743435000 (paperback); 0743475011 / 9780743475013 (paperback) March 2002 (paperback); April 2003 (paperback) Short story collection
X-Men: The Legacy Quest Book One Steve Lyons BP Books/iBooks 074344468X / 9780743444682 (paperback); 0743458486 / 9780743458481 (paperback) June 2002 (paperback); April 2003 (paperback) First in The Legacy Quest trilogy; is followed by The Legacy Quest Book Two
X-Men: The Legacy Quest Book Two Steve Lyons BP Books/iBooks 0743452437 / 9780743452434 (paperback)
0743474449 / 9780743474443 (paperback)
July 2002 (paperback); April 2003 (paperback) Second in The Legacy Quest trilogy; is followed by The Legacy Quest Book Three
X-Men: The Legacy Quest Book Three Steve Lyons BP Books/iBooks 0743452666 / 9780743452663 (paperback)
0743475194 / 9780743475198 (paperback)
October 2002 (paperback); September 2003 (paperback) Third in The Legacy Quest trilogy
X-Men/Red Skull: The Chaos Engine Book Three Steven A. Roman BP Books/iBooks 0743452801 / 9780743452809 (paperback); 0743479580 / 9780743479585 (paperback) December 2002 (paperback); October 2003 (paperback) Third in Chaos Engine trilogy
X-Men 2 Chris Claremont Del Rey 0345461967 / 9780345461964 March 2003 Novelization of 2003 X-Men 2 movie
Wolverine: Weapon X Marc Cerasini Marvel (hardback); Pocket Books (paperback) 0785116052 / 9780785116059 (hardback)
141652164X / 9781416521648 (paperback)
November 2004 (hardback); October 2005 (paperback) Short lived attempt by Marvel to publish their licensed novels under their own imprint; lasted just this one hardcover release
The X-Men: Dark Mirror Marjorie M. Liu Pocket Books 141651063X / 9781416510635 December 2005
The X-Men: Watchers on the Walls Christopher L. Bennett Pocket Books 1416510672 / 9781416510673 April 2006
X-Men: The Last Stand Chris Claremont Del Rey 0345492110 / 9780345492111 May 2006 Novelization of 2006 X-Men: The Last Stand movie
Wolverine: Road of Bones David Mack Pocket Books 1416510699 / 978-1416510697 October 2006
Wolverine: Lifeblood Hugh Matthews Pocket Books 1416510737 / 978-1416510734 February 2007
X-Men: The Return Chris Roberson Pocket Books 1416510753 / 9781416510758 April 2007
Wolverine: Violent Tendencies Marc Cerasini Pocket Books 1416510745 / 9781416510741 October 2007
Astonishing X-Men: Gifted Peter David Marvel September 12, 2012 Novelization and adaption of the 2004 comic book story arc Gifted within the Astonishing X-Men ongoing series originally written by Joss Whedon.

Team line-ups/compositions[edit]

Of all the X-Men, only Professor X and Cyclops have appeared as main members of the team in every animated incarnation, while Storm and Wolverine have appeared as members in every incarnation since their debut in the comics.