|Tijuana, Baja California/
San Diego, California
|City of license||Tijuana, Baja California|
|Branding||San Diego 6 (general)
San Diego 6 News (news)
|Slogan||Helping You (San Diego 6)
TV como tú quieres
(TV as you want it) (Canal 5/DT2)
|Channels||Digital: 23 (UHF)
Virtual: 6 (PSIP)
|Subchannels||6.1 The CW HD
6.2 Canal 5 HD
|Affiliations||The CW (6.1)
Canal 5 (6.2)
(through Bay City Television)
(Radio Televisión, S.A. de C.V.)
|First air date||April 29, 1953|
|Call letters' meaning||XE (Mexican ITU prefix)
|Sister station(s)||XEWT-TDT, XHUAA-TDT|
|Former callsigns||XETV-TV (1953-2013)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
6 (VHF, 1953–2013)
|Former affiliations||Independent (1953–1956 and 1973–1986)
|Transmitter power||402 kW|
XETV-TDT, virtual channel 6 (UHF digital channel 23), is a CW-affiliated television station that is licensed to Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, whose over-the-air signal also covers the San Diego, California area across the international border in the United States.
The station is owned by Mexican media company Grupo Televisa, and its San Diego-based English-language programming and sales rights are held by Bay City Television, a California-based corporation owned by Televisa. XETV maintains production facilities on both sides of the border: its technical operations and transmitter are based on Mount San Antonio in Tijuana, while its American operations (including studios, newsroom and advertising sales) are located in the Kearny Mesa section of San Diego.
In addition to the English-language programming on its primary channel (6.1) under the "San Diego 6" brand, XETV's secondary digital subchannel (6.2) carries programming from the Televisa-owned network Canal 5; Channel 6.1 is available on cable and satellite providers on the U.S. side of the market, and is also available on DirecTV to serve the few areas of the western United States where The CW's programming is not available through a local station.
- 1 History
- 2 Special broadcast authority
- 3 Digital television
- 4 Programming
- 5 News operation
- 6 Radio
- 7 References
- 8 External links
XETV-TDT (as XETV) came into existence because of a technical quirk affecting stations in San Diego and Los Angeles. Even after the Federal Communications Commission's Sixth Report and Order lifted a four-year-long freeze on awarding television construction permits in 1952, signing on a third television station in the San Diego market proved difficult. While San Diego and Los Angeles are not close enough that one city's stations can be seen clearly over the air in the other, the unique southern California geography results in tropospheric propagation. This phenomenon makes co-channel interference a big enough problem that the two cities must share the VHF band.
By 1952, San Diego (assigned channels 8 and 10) and Los Angeles (assigned channels 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11 and 13) already had all but three VHF channels covered. Channel 3 initially had been deemed unusable as a signal because KEYT-TV in Santa Barbara would travel in a straight line across the Pacific Ocean (it would ultimately be allocated to Tijuana Once TV outlet XHTJB-TV). San Diego's first two television stations, KFMB-TV (channel 8) and KFSD-TV (channel 10, now KGTV), affiliating with CBS and NBC respectively, were among the last construction permits issued before the FCC's freeze on new television station licenses went into effect. The UHF band, introduced by the FCC after the freeze, was not seen as a viable option; television set makers were not required to include UHF tuners until 1964. Additionally, several portions of San Diego County are very mountainous, and UHF signals do not carry very well across rugged terrain.
Complicating matters, the Mexican authorities had allocated two VHF channels to neighboring Tijuana – channels 6 and 12. Since these were the last two VHF channels left in the area, the FCC did not accept any new construction permits from San Diego as a courtesy to Mexican authorities. One of the frequencies, channel 6, had originally been assigned to San Diego before the freeze; it was reassigned to Mexico as a result of the Sixth Report and Order.
Although San Diego was large enough to support three television stations, it soon became obvious that the only way to get a third VHF station on the air would be to use one of Tijuana's allocations. The Azcárraga family, owners of Telesistema Mexicano (the forerunner of Televisa), quickly snapped up the license for channel 6, and signed on XETV for the first time on April 29, 1953. It is the San Diego area's second-oldest television station following KFMB-TV, which began operations on May 16, 1949.
At its launch, XETV was an independent station, broadcasting programs in both English and Spanish from its studio facilities in Tijuana. Channel 6 also established a business office (and later, a studio) on Park Boulevard in the University Heights section of San Diego, which handled sales accounts from north of the border. The Azcarragas chose to focus XETV toward San Diego and its English-speaking audience because it had more TV-equipped homes at the time than Tijuana, which did not get its own all-Spanish station until 1960 when the Azcarragas signed on sister station XEWT-TV on channel 12. Even though XETV is licensed to Tijuana and owned by Mexican interests, for all intents and purposes it has been a San Diego station from the beginning. Owing to its initial bilingual, bi-national audience, XETV billed itself as "The International Station" during its early years.
In April 1956, XETV received permission from the FCC to begin carrying ABC programs. ABC was carried part-time by KFMB-TV and KFSD-TV at the time, but the network immediately made XETV its exclusive San Diego affiliate. Around this time (if not earlier), the Spanish programs disappeared from the schedule, and XETV would broadcast almost exclusively in English from that point since. However, the FCC did not allow American networks to transmit their signals to stations located outside the United States. As a result, ABC programs were recorded (on film, kinescope, and later videotape) from a location north of the border and then physically transported to channel 6's facilities in Tijuana, a practice known in the television industry as "bicycling". While this arrangement legally circumvented the station's inability to acquire a direct network feed, it left XETV unable to carry live network programming, such as breaking news events and some sports coverage. The FCC held the option of renewing the authorization on an annual basis, as well as reviewing it if – and when – a third commercial station appeared on the American side of the market.
In 1968, as it had every year since 1956, the FCC renewed its permit allowing ABC to provide programming to XETV. Only this time, Western Telecasters, which owned UHF independent station KCST-TV (channel 39, now KNSD), contested it and began a lengthy battle to take San Diego's ABC affiliation from XETV. KCST claimed that it was no longer appropriate for a Mexican-licensed station to be affiliated with an American television network when there now was a viable American station available, and also asserted that XETV lacked local programming which effectively served the San Diego audience. In May 1972 the FCC, siding with KCST, revoked channel 6's permission to carry ABC programming, with the wording of the Commission's decision forcing ABC to move its affiliation to KCST. XETV and ABC appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals, which eventually upheld the FCC ruling; the station later sought relief at the U.S. Supreme Court, and was also denied.
XETV surrendered the ABC affiliation to KCST in two stages: daytime programming moved to KCST in June 1973, followed by primetime and all other shows by July 1, 1973. In spite of seeing ratings gains both nationally and locally, ABC was dissatisfied with having been forced onto a UHF station and stayed with KCST for only four years before moving to KGTV in 1977.
XETV once again became an independent station, with a standard program schedule composed of syndicated offerings, off-network programs, movies and children's shows. Also, because Mexican broadcast regulations did not limit commercial time (as FCC regulations did at the time) every Sunday, the station – in a forerunner to future changes in the U.S. – in effect, became the first station in North America to carry an infomercial, which consisted of a one-hour advertisement of listings of local houses for sale. As FCC regulations at that time limited television stations to 18 minutes of commercials in an hour, such a program could not have been run on U.S. television at that time.
In 1976, XETV settled into a new business office on Ronson Road in the Kearny Mesa neighborhood of San Diego, while the station's broadcast operations remained in Tijuana. Channel 6's Tijuana-based production and technical operations eventually moved from Mexico into an expanded wing of this facility. In the early 1980s, XETV produced a popular comedy program, Disasterpiece Theatre, which parodied campy low-budget horror and science fiction films by making fun of them as they aired, similar to the format of Mystery Science Theater 3000 a decade later.
As a Fox affiliate
In 1986, XETV became one of the very first stations outside of the original group of six stations formerly owned by Metromedia (which had been purchased by Fox's then-parent company, News Corporation, earlier that year) to join the newly launched Fox Broadcasting Company as a charter affiliate. Similar to its earlier arrangement with ABC, channel 6 had to receive pre-recorded Fox programs on tape, transported physically across the U.S.–Mexico border to the station's Tijuana broadcast facilities. From 1993 to 1997, XETV also aired programming from the Prime Time Entertainment Network (most notably Babylon 5) on weekend afternoons, instead of the weeknight primetime slots that were recommended by the programming service due to the Fox programs that aired during the evening hours on the station. When Fox acquired the broadcast rights to the NFL's National Football Conference in 1994, the FCC soon granted a waiver of the rules and allowed Fox to transmit a direct network feed to XETV.
In November 1995, then-UPN affiliate KUSI-TV tried unsuccessfully to wrestle the Fox affiliation away from XETV by filing an appeal, as cited in the U.S. Court of Appeals case Channel 51 of San Diego, Inc. vs. FCC and Fox Television Stations, Inc. 79 F.3d 1187. The permit was granted to Fox on behalf of XETV, and the case was settled on March 26, 1996. That same year, the station became a Grupo Televisa-owned property outright after the Azcarragas transferred the ownership of XETV to their family-run, Mexico City-based multimedia company.
In 1999, a new addition to the Ronson Road studios was constructed to house the station's newsroom and studio set for a planned news operation that launched in December of that year. The 25,000-square foot, three-story facility was built due to the fact that the one-story building that the station's offices were based from adjacent to the new facility (which continued to house sales and management offices after the new facility was completed) was not large enough to house a fully staffed news department; the offices for XETV's production, promotions and engineering departments were also relocated to the new building.
Becoming "San Diego 6"
During a seminar by Sam Zell on March 25, 2008, it was announced that Tribune Broadcasting (which Zell acquired the previous year as part of his takeover of corporate parent Tribune Company) had signed an affiliation agreement with Fox for its San Diego CW affiliate KSWB-TV (channel 69). Fox cited concerns with having its programming airing on a Mexican-licensed station, even though XETV had been with Fox since the network's inception and had broadcast its programming almost entirely in English for over half a century. This caught XETV station management off guard as officials were unaware about the pending affiliation switch until the announcement was made public.
The fate of both XETV and the CW affiliation for the San Diego market remained unclear until July 2, 2008, when channel 6 announced that it had signed an affiliation agreement with The CW. The station began dropping on-air references to Fox just over two weeks later on July 19, 2008, rebranding itself as "San Diego 6". The affiliation swap officially took place on August 1, 2008, ending XETV-TV's 22-year association with Fox – with channel 6 joining The CW, while the Fox affiliation moved over to KSWB. XETV, upon switching networks, replaced KSWB-TV on DirecTV as a default affiliate in the few areas of the western United States where a CW-affiliated station is not receivable over-the-air or through cable television (DirecTV identifies XETV as "CW-W" and carries its programs in standard definition only). The San Diego 6 logo incorporates a miniature CW logo in its top left corner for news programming, otherwise setting it off to the right in proportionate size; instead of being the standard green color, the CW logo is colored a bright blue in non-news advertising to match the station logo's blue, gold and white color scheme.
On March 5, 2012, XETV became the new Tijuana affiliate for Televisa's Canal 5, which the station carries on digital subchannel 6.2 in standard definition, and prior to the Tijuana market's May 2013 transition to digital-only television broadcasts, was also carried on analog channel 6; XHBJ-TV switched its affiliation from Canal 5 to Galavisión on that same date – Canal 5 replaced XETV's English-language programming on its analog signal, in order to serve Spanish-speaking viewers in Tijuana that did not have digital TV sets or converter boxes prior to the Tijuana market's 2013 transition to digital television. The affiliation switch coincided with the commencement of digital multicasting on Televisa's Tijuana stations.
On April 29, 2013, XETV celebrated its 60th anniversary of broadcasting. The station's morning newscast provided special coverage of the festivities, including separate proclamations of "XETV Channel 6 Day" by the San Diego City Council and San Diego County Board of Supervisors (the latter made on April 30 to general manager Chuck Dunning and chief financial officer Rodrigo Salazar). A special segment of the newscast that was dedicated to the anniversary was broadcast in black-and-white (the standard for broadcast television in 1953) with news anchors dressed in clothing and hairstyles from that period reporting on the major news and entertainment stories of 1953 and giving a contemporary weather forecast with paper graphics pasted on a hand-drawn weather map.
Because XETV-TDT is licensed to Tijuana by the Mexican government, it is not covered under the FCC's must carry rules. This means that local cable providers are not required to carry XETV-TDT, even if the television station requests to be carried under this provision. However, subchannel 6.1 is carried by Cox Communications, Time Warner Cable and AT&T U-verse in San Diego and by Cablemás in Tijuana, while subchannel 6.2 is not carried by the pay television providers on the American side of the border. Subchannel 6.2 notwithstanding, XETV has broadcast almost entirely in English since 1956, if not earlier. The only exceptions are station identifications, the compulsory playing of the Mexican national anthem El Himno Nacional Mexicano, technical disclaimers and public service announcements.
XETV-TDT broadcasts 24 hours a day, however for legal sign-on purposes and as required by Mexican regulations (specifically Article 41 of Mexico's Law on the National Arms, Flag, and Anthem), its broadcast day begins at 5 a.m. Pacific time Monday through Saturday and 6 a.m. on Sundays; this begins with the playing of El Himno Nacional Mexicano, followed by the customary operational information and disclaimer, read in both English and Spanish on its primary digital channel (6.1). For a period of time dating back to its days as a Fox affiliate, the station had also played the national anthem of the United States, The Star Spangled Banner, prior to the disclaimer (XETV has since dropped the latter anthem and only airs the first).
Since the mid-1990s, XETV's production operations have been based in the United States. The station's production, news and sales operations are owned by Televisa subsidiary Bay City Television, while Televisa itself owns the master control and transmitter facility on Mount San Antonio in Tijuana. Local programming is fed from San Diego to Mount San Antonio by way of microwave link, and network and syndicated shows via satellite. There is currently no local programming on XETV which originates from Tijuana.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|6.1||1080i||16:9||XETV-DT||Main XETV-TV programming / The CW|
|6.2||720p||16:9||XHGC-HD||Canal 5 HD|
In 2000, XETV-TDT began transmitting on UHF channel 23, becoming the first San Diego area station to begin broadcasting in digital. It was also the first digital station in Mexico because of its Tijuana transmitter; no other Mexican television station had begun digital operations at that time. It maps on digital tuners in both countries as virtual channel 6.1 through PSIP technology.
When the original American digital television transition date of February 17, 2009 came near, XETV had expressed intentions to follow other San Diego-area stations in going digital-only. While the U.S. switchover deadline of February 17 had been pushed back to June 12, 2009 and only applied to American-licensed stations in any case, plans were announced to voluntarily make the station's English-language programming digital-only, with the former analog signal repurposed as a repeater for Mexico City's XEQ-TV. Claims on XETV's website that the station was indeed going to be digital-only were rescinded on February 17, 2009 as the station decided to delay cutting off its analog signal until after it secured approval from the Mexican government. XETV management later stated that it had decided to maintain its analog signal to benefit Mexican viewers. XETV's analog signal was eventually repurposed on March 5, 2012, when the station began multicasting on its digital signal with the addition of Televisa's youth-oriented Canal 5 network on subchannel 6.2. At the same time, its analog channel replaced the newscasts, CW network and syndicated programs in English (which were relegated exclusively to digital channel 6.1) with those of Spanish-language Canal 5.
Cofetel, Mexico's Federal Telecommunications Commission, chose Tijuana as the first city to switch over to digital as a pilot program for the rest of the nation. Unlike the U.S. digital switchover, which took place nationwide on June 12, 2009, Mexico is rolling out the switchover in stages by geographic area, with a planned completion by December 31, 2015. The original Tijuana switchover date of April 16, 2013 was delayed by Cofetel because the local population had not yet attained the required 90% readiness for free over-the-air digital service to trigger the transition. On May 28, 2013, XETV and all other Tijuana television stations ceased analog transmissions, but switched them back on a few days later after complaints from residents and political leaders that more viewers were left without free over-the-air TV service than Cofetel reported, including many poor residents outside the city of Tijuana that were not included in Cofetel's outreach program for free digital-to-analog converter boxes. The temporary reprieve was extended to July 18, 2013 when all analog TV signals were shut down permanently. At this time, XETV added the "-TDT" suffix (Spanish acronym for "Terrestrial Digital Television").
As the San Diego affiliate of The CW, XETV-TDT clears the network's entire programming schedule on digital channel 6.1. However due to its weekend morning newscasts, the station splits the network's Vortexx animation lineup aimed at children into two blocks on Saturday mornings: one from 5 to 8 a.m. (two hours earlier than the recommended timeslot for the block's first three hours in all time zones) and the other following the newscast from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. (the block's final two hours airing in pattern with the rest of the country). XETV also produces an hour-long lifestyle program, San Diego Living, airing weekdays following the station's morning newscast. Syndicated programs currently seen on XETV include The Simpsons, Seinfeld, Rules of Engagement, The Wendy Williams Show and Frasier.
As the Tijuana affiliate of Canal 5, XETV-TDT clears the entire network schedule on digital subchannel 6.2. Children's programming includes Spanish-dubbed versions of Nickelodeon's iCarly, SpongeBob Squarepants, The Fairly OddParents, Danny Phantom and The Penguins of Madagascar, as well as original Televisa programs such as its animated version of El Chavo. Other programming, also mostly Spanish-dubbed versions of current and recent American shows, includes Malcolm in the Middle, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit and Sabados de Corona, a Saturday night telecast of boxing matches sponsored by Corona.
XETV-TDT presently broadcasts 30 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with five hours on weekdays and 2½ hours on weekends). Out of the six English-language television stations in the San Diego-Tijuana market with news departments, XETV is the only one that does not produce local newscasts that air in midday or early evening timeslots.
XETV had previously carried a local newscast from the station's launch in 1953 until 1967 (Lionel Van Deerlin, later a San Diego congressman, was a news director in XETV's early years). As an independent station, XETV then ran local newsbriefs throughout the day until the station affiliated with Fox in 1986. The station established its current news department on December 27, 1999, starting out with a 35-minute local news program at 10 p.m. (which later expanded to one hour in 2002), subsequently followed by the debut of its weekday morning newscast (initially three hours in length) and a now-defunct noon newscast in September 2000.
On September 5, 2006, XETV's news team gained national attention, when investigative reporter John Mattes was badly beaten by Sam Suleiman and Rosa Barraza, a husband-and-wife team accused of a real estate scam who were being investigated by the reporter. The incident was captured on tape and shown on many news programs throughout the nation. On January 20, 2007, XETV debuted a two-hour weekend morning newscast (the program originally aired at 7 a.m., but was moved to 8 a.m. after the CW affiliation switch); the station is one of only four CW affiliates with a local newscast on weekend mornings (along with KTLA/Los Angeles, KMAX-TV/Sacramento and WGN-TV/Chicago).
XETV became the only CW affiliate with an evening newscast in the traditional late news timeslot (11 p.m. Pacific time on the California side of the market) when it debuted the 11-minute long weeknight program 11@11 following the affiliation switch; this program was discontinued on January 14, 2013 in favor of expanding the 10 p.m. newscast back to one hour on weeknights. The following year in 2009, the 10 p.m. newscast was pared back from one hour to 33 minutes, and was later reduced to a half-hour (the length of the 11 p.m. newscast and the reduction of the 10 p.m. program resulted in an odd-numbered amount of news programming hours, making XETV the largest news-producing minor network station serving the United States whose evening newscast did not run for 30, 35 or 60 minutes, as well as having the only half-hour San Diego-targeted television newscast at 10 p.m., due to KUSI and KSWB having hour-long newscasts).
On March 9, 2009, XETV shut down its sports department, and sports anchors C.S. Keys (who returned to XETV as a weather and traffic anchor in October 2011) and Andrea Nakano and sports producer Mike Lamar were fired by then-vice president and general manager Richard Doutre Jones (who left the station in June 2010 and was replaced by veteran sales manager Chuck Dunning). On April 23, 2011, XETV became the sixth television station in the San Diego market to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.
- Channel 6 News Up to Date (1970s–1982)
- Channel 6 News (1982–1986)
- Fox 6 News (1999–2008)
- San Diego 6 News (2008–present)
- Wake Up San Diego (2013–present; weekday morning newscast)
- Mood No. 464 (Communication) by the Capitol "Q" Library (1953-1973)
- On the Run by Pink Floyd (1973-1982)
- XETV 1999 News Theme (1999-2004)
- Signature by Stephen Arnold Music (2004-2008)
- Indie-Band News by Stephen Arnold Music (2008-present)
- "The International Station" (1950s)
- "See the Difference!" (1982–1987)
- "Local News. Fox Attitude." (1999–2002)
- "Your News at Ten" / "Your News in the Morning." (2002)
- "Fair. Balanced." (2002–2004; similar to "Fair and Balanced" slogan used by Fox News Channel)
- "The Team That Knows San Diego" (2004–2006)
- "Your Station for Balanced News" (2006–2012)
- "Helping You" (2012–present)
- Marc Bailey - weekday mornings on Wake Up San Diego (5:30-9:00 a.m.); also host of San Diego Living and managing editor
- Courtney Dwyer - weekend mornings (8:00-10:00 a.m.)
- Neda Iranpour - weeknights at 10:00 p.m.
- Lynda Martin - weekday mornings on Wake Up San Diego (5:30-9:00 a.m.); also fill-in anchor
- Heather Myers - weekday mornings on Wake Up San Diego (5:30-9:00 a.m.)
- Jim Patton - weeknights at 10:00 p.m.
- Jeff Powers - weekend mornings (8:00-10:00 a.m.) and weekends at 10:00 p.m.
- San Diego 6 Weather
- Sabrina Fein (AMS Seal of Approval) - chief meteorologist; weeknights at 10:00 p.m.
- Kimi Evans - weather and traffic anchor; weekday mornings on Wake Up San Diego (5:00-9:00 a.m.)
- Brooke Landau - weather anchor; weekend mornings (8:00-10:00 a.m.) and weekends at 10:00 p.m.
- Renee Kohn (AMS Seal of Approval) - weather anchor; co-host of Wake Up San Diego (5:00-9:00 a.m.)
- Maribel Arber - Wall Street reporter
- Nancy Aziz - general assignment reporter
- Rick Boone - general assignment reporter
- Gary Buzel - general assignment reporter
- Laura Cavanaugh - Reporter/Anchor "Wake Up San Diego" (5:00-9:00 a.m.) and "San Diego Living"
- Carlos Delgado - general assignment reporter
- Susana Franco - general assignment reporter
- Kelli Gillepsie - entertainment reporter
- Perette Godwin - general assignment reporter
- Amanda Shotsky - general assignment reporter
- Derek Staahl - general assignment reporter
- Ken Stern - business reporter
Former on-air staff
- Candice Nguyen - general assignment reporter
- Brian Christie - anchor
- Ron Fortner D - Channel 6 News Up to Date anchor
- Elizabeth Espinosa - reporter (now at KTLA/Los Angeles)
- Ruben Galvan - weekday morning reporter
- John Mattes - investigative reporter
- Aloha Taylor - chief meteorologist (2006–2009; now at KSWB-TV)
D Denotes person is deceased.
Prior to the end of analog service, XETV's audio signal could be heard on 87.7 MHz on the FM band in San Diego, Tijuana and surrounding areas, though at a slightly lower volume than other FM radio stations due to TV modulation standards. When XETV-TV shut down its analog signal on May 28, 2013, the transition to digital broadcasting also ended the simulcast of the station's audio signal.
||Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (July 2010)|
- "Spanish TV Networks All Over The Metro (March 15, 2012)", San Diego Radio News, http://www.sandiegoradionews.com/news12/0100120315.htm Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- McIntyre, Dave (1953-04-25). "Afraid of Fortune Tellers?". Billboard. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
- "Flashes 11.05.12 by Rick Griffin", San Diego Ad Club, http://www.sandiegoadclub.com/news/flashes-110512-rick-griffin, retrieved 11 January 2013.
- "Channel 6 is planning its 60-year-old birthday", East County Herald News, http://eastcountyheraldnews.com/east-county-biz-with-rick-griffin/channel-6-is-planning-its-60-year-old-birthday/ retrieved 11 January 2013.
- SDRadio.net: "Media Bytes" for Monday, April 14, 2008
- Moran, Kristin C., "The Development of Spanish-Language Television in San Diego: A Contemporary History". The Journal of San Diego History. Volume 50, Winter/Spring 2004, numbers 1 and 2. San Diego, CA: San Diego Historical Society, pp. 47-48, https://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/v50-1/spanish_tv.pdf Accessed 11 December 2009.
- "About XETV, San Diego 6", article from XETV website, http://www.sandiego6.com/about-us Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- Ibid., pg. 47.
- "XETV (TV) to carry ABC films, kines." Broadcasting - Telecasting, February 27, 1956, pg. 88. 
- "U asks FCC aid in quest for ABC." Broadcasting, November 18, 1968, pg. 46. 
- "ABC resists shift to San Diego U." Broadcasting, December 23, 1968, pg. 37. 
- Radio Televisión S.A. de C.V. and Bay City Television, Inc., v. Federal Communications Commission, U.S. Court of Appeals No. 96-1438
- "Beginning of the end for XETV-ABC association." Broadcasting, June 5, 1972, pp. 36-37.  
- "ABC told to sever tie with XETV." Broadcasting, January 8, 1973, pg. 29. 
- "XETV strikes out in Supreme Court." Broadcasting, June 18, 1973, pp. 37-38. 
- "San Diego truce approved." Broadcasting, March 12, 1973, pg. 57
- "ABC's gains are turning television upside down." Broadcasting, March 29, 1976, pp. 19-20. 
- "In Brief." Broadcasting, June 7, 1976, pg. 24
- "In Brief." Broadcasting, March 7, 1977, pg. 26
- Television Q&A: Whatever happened to FCC restrictions on commercials?, The Miami Herald, May 18, 2012.
- Order Now!: The Short History of Paid Programming, Neatorama, April 10, 2012.
- The Federal Communications Commission, 11 B.C.L. Rev. 595, Boston College Law Review, Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- The Radio and TV Database Project: Tijuana/Tecate
- 79 F.3d 1187
- Radio Televisión v. FCC, No. 96-1438
- Fybush.com's Tower Site of the Week: XETV, Tijuana/San Diego, February 13, 2009.
- Fox switching affiliates in S.D., U-T San Diego, March 25, 2008.
- Trading places: Fox, CW switch network channels, U-T San Diego, August 1, 2008.
- "XETV, KSWB Battle For Fox Affiliation In San Diego".
- XETV San Diego Becomes CW Affil Aug. 1
- It's official: XETV picks up The CW affiliation...
- "XETV's 60th Anniversary". XETV website. Bay City Television Inc. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "Channel 6 Day Proclaimed Countywide". XETV website. Bay City Television Inc. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "Wake Up San Diego in "Black & White"". XETV website. Bay City Television Inc. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "About Cable Reception", http://www.sandiego6.com/about-us/reception#systems, accessed 24 February 2012.
- Per channel listings at zap2it.com, zip:"92111".
- Youtube - XETV San Diego Sign-on 2007.08.20 (Flash Video).
- Contact XETV San Diego 6, http://www.sandiego6.com/content/contacts/default.aspx Accessed 11 December 2009.
- RabbitEars TV Query for XETV
- From hdtv.forsandiego.com
- Digital TV switch goes smoothly in San Diego, Alex Pham and Meg James, Associated Press, February 19, 2009
- Few calls received on digital switch: 3 local stations opted for Tuesday change, Jonathan Sidener, U-T San Diego, February 19, 2009
- "(Spanish) Comunicado de Prensa No. 12/2013: El Pleno de la COFETEL Ajusta la Fecha del Apagon Analogico en Tijuana". PDF news release. Secretary of Communications and Transportation of Mexico (SCT). Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "TDT. El apagon piloto en Tijuana" (Spanish), Telecomplejidades Telecomunicaciones, Radio, TV, Internet y TIC, http://irosasr.mx/blog/tdt-el-apagon-piloto-en-tijuana/, retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "Televisa's Canal 5 home page (Spanish)". Televisa Networks. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- Thomas Larson, "Making News: Two Local TV Stations", San Diego Reader, September 14, 2000. Retrieved September 17, 2000 from ThomasLarson.com.
- "Camera records attack on Fox 6 News reporter". 2006-09-07.
- "Fox 6 adds weekend a.m. news". U-T San Diego. 2007-01-20. Retrieved 2012-09-16.
- XETV Scraps Sports, Broadcasting & Cable, March 10, 2009.
- XETV 6 News December 30 1977
- FOX 6 "News at Ten" generic open- (XETV - San Diego)
- XETV-San Diego 6 News Montage
- XETV 6 News December 30 1977
- "On the Run" by Pink Floyd
- Meet Our Team
- "About San Diego 6 Over The Air Reception", http://www.sandiego6.com/about-us/reception#shutdown, accessed 24 February 2012.