|Mexico City, Mexico|
|Slogan||La Televisión más abierta que nunca
(Television more open than ever)
|Channels||Analog: 28 (UHF)
Digital: 27 (UHF)
Virtual: Not used
|Owner||Grupo Empresarial Ángeles
(Compañía Internacional de Radio y Televisión, S.A.)
|First air date||November 1999|
|Call letters' meaning||XH Raúl Aréchiga Espinosa|
|Transmitter power||5000 kW (analog)|
XHTRES-TV is a full-power television station in Mexico City, Mexico, broadcasting in analog on UHF channel 28 and in digital on UHF channel 27 as the flagship station of the network cadenatres. It is licensed to Compañía Internacional de Radio y Televisión, S.A. (CIRT), which is owned by Grupo Empresarial Ángeles (GEA), a company headed by Olegario Vázquez Raña and directed by Olegario Vázquez Aldir. Originally an independent broadcast television station serving the Federal District and the Valley of Mexico, it later expanded coverage throughout the entire state through various cable television systems, then transformed into a national broadcast network in Mexico.
An unbuilt station
On November 21, 1964, the office of the Secretary of Communications and Transportation (SCT) granted a 25-year concession to CIRT and to its controlling shareholder, Roberto Nájera Martínez, for a television station UHF channel 16, to be designated XHTC-TV. As of July 1989, the station had not been built, mainly due to lack of funds, and Nájera transferred his shares to Raúl Aréchiga Espinoza, with the intent that Aréchiga would “manage the bond and/or funding for the installation and operation of the channel.” Aréchiga, from Baja California Sur, had interests in radio and a concession to operate a cable TV system in BCS, and was also owner of the airline Aero California. Although the station was still not on air, in 1989, the SCT granted a ten-year endorsement at the end of the initial concession period. With this renewal of the concession, the station was moved from channel 16 to 28 due to a reallocation of television spectrum; it also took on the callsign XHRAE-TV, giving it his initials.
XHRAE on the air: the legal battle begins
The endorsement was scheduled to expire on November 21, 1999, and as the date approached, the station had not yet begun transmitting. Needing to go on the air to avoid having the concession reclaimed, Aréchiga hastily put together a schedule of music videos and put XHRAE on the air in November 1999, sparking a five-year controversy. Roberto Nájera Martínez, who had transferred his shares ten years earlier, claimed that he had merely rented the award of the concession to Aréchiga. Nájera insisted that he was the rightful owner of the station and accused Aréchiga of plundering it. Further adding to the station’s troubles, Carlos Ruiz Sacristán, the head of the SCT, claimed that Aréchiga failed to live up to the terms of the original concession, refused to endorse a renewal, and instead, sought to revoke the concession. Aréchiga sued, and in a September 2002, letter to Mexican president Vicente Fox, accused current and former members of the SCT of plundering the station. Meanwhile, the SCT became embroiled in a conflict between TV Azteca and CNI involving XHTVM-TV channel 40, and had considered plans to reclaim and reassign channel 28 to help settle the dispute. Bidders began to size up both channels 28 and 40, such as General Electric Mexico.
Finally, in January 2005, a judge ruled that Aréchiga did not violate the terms of the concession, and ordered the SCT to endorse the renewal immediately. The endorsement was granted on April 26, 2005, retroactive to November 22, 1999, but only lasting through May 22, 2006. Even before the endorsement had been granted, rumors began to flow that Aréchiga’s victory was intentional, in order to clear the station for sale, either to Ricardo Salinas Pliego, owner of TV Azteca, who had lost control of channel 40 in the dispute with CNI, or to Olegario Vazquez Raña, a newcomer to the broadcast industry but an associate of Marta Sahagún de Fox, wife of President Vicente Fox. Aréchiga, however, showed a determination to operate the station himself. In December 2005, the station relaunched with a new logo and slogan, “Canal para todos”, or “Channel for all”. In early 2006, XHRAE-TV inked deals with the Lumiere cinema chain to provide old Mexican movies, and with Productora y Comercializadora de Televisión, SA de CV (PCTV), to provide other programming, which began airing in April.
Sale and current operation
Things quickly deteriorated for Aréchiga, beginning in April 2006. On April 2, the SCT, who oversees both communications and transportation in Mexico, declared Aréchiga’s airline, Aero California, unfit to fly and grounded the entire fleet of airplanes. With his time, money and attention fully devoted to saving Aero California, and with the concession of XHRAE-TV coming up for renewal at the end of May 2006, Aréchiga could not run both enterprises and was forced to seek a buyer for the television station. Some considered the grounding of Aero California as a reprisal for Aréchiga's victory in retaining the channel 28 concession.
The concession for XHRAE-TV was renewed on May 9, 2006 for fifteen years, eliminating a major barrier to the sale of the station. General Electric also attempted to buy the station and provide Aréchiga financing for the airline. A purchase agreement was reached on July 13 and announced on July 18. Administradora Arcángel, S.A. de C.V., part of GEA, became the new owners of channel 28. The purchase was approved by Cofeco on August 24, but at the same time, GEA was fined $221,108 pesos for late notification of the purchase. Originally, the purchase price was thought to be $80 million, but turned out to actually be $126 million.
On May 28, 2007, GEA relaunched XHRAE-TV under the name Cadena Tres (lit. Network Three), creating new programs and newscasts while retaining most of its cartoons aimed at children. The station’s coverage expanded from Mexico City to the entire Mexican republic through various cable television systems, and later, became the flagship station of the third national broadcast network after the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional the part of the Federal Telecommunications Act better known as the Televisa Law that had prevented the birth of a third broadcast network in Mexico and strengthened the duopoly that TV Azteca and Televisa had enjoyed.
By September 30, 2009, the station had changed its call sign to XHTRES-TV, reflecting its network identity.
- 2005-2007: Canal para todos. (Channel for all)
- 2007-2008: Cadena Tres, La Televisión Abierta. (Cadena Tres, Open Television)
- 2008-2009: Encadenate a Cadena Tres. (Connect to Cadena Tres)
- 2009-2010: Somos Cadena Tres y estamos en el 28 (We are Cadena Tres and we are on 28)
- 2010–present: La Televisión más abierta que nunca (Television more open than ever)
- Luis Miguel Carriedo (September 2005). "El 28, canal de enigmas". Periódico Zócalo. Retrieved 2008-10-23. Google translation (EN)
- Sosa, Gabriel (2008-06-24). "Cadena 3: revelaciones a dos años". Etcétera magazine. Archived from the original on 2008-07-03. Retrieved 2008-08-22. Google translation (EN)
- Fernando Mejía Barquera (2005-01-29). "Canal 28 en 2005". Medios México. Retrieved 2008-08-10. Google translation (EN)
- Denise Maerker (2004-01-29). "Canal 40. La solución del gobierno". Etcétera magazine. Retrieved 2008-08-03.[dead link] Google translation (EN) Internet Archive copy
- Verónica Gascón (2005-08-01). "Interesan a GE canales 40 y 28". Reforma.
- Arturo Zárate (2006-02-20). "Otra alternativa en tv para proselitismo". El Universal. Retrieved 2008-10-23. Google translation (EN)
- Raúl Trejo Delarbre (August 2008). "Intolerancia en el Grupo Imagen". Mediocracia. Retrieved 2008-10-24. Google translation (EN)
- Alejandro Olmos (August 2006). "Con el beneplácito de Fox, nace otro magnate de los medios: Olegario Vázquez". Periódico Zócalo. Retrieved 2008-10-24.[dead link] Google translation (EN)
- Enrique Galván Ochoa (2007-06-15). "Dinero". La Jornada. Retrieved 2008-10-24. Google translation (EN)
- "Grupo Imagen compra el Canal 28 del Valle de México". Olganza. 2006-07-18. Retrieved 2008-10-24.[dead link] Google translation (EN)
- Claudia González (2006-06-13). "Defiende AMLO a Aerocalifornia". Reforma.
- Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones. Infraestructura de Estaciones de TV. Last modified 2015-02-16. Retrieved 2014-07-01.
- Darío Celis Estrada (2003-07-13). "Ofrece GE a Aréchiga financiamiento por Canal 28". Reforma.
- "Resolutions". Comisión Federal de Competencia. 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2008-08-01.[dead link]
- Web site (Español)
- Article on the first concessionaire of XHTRES-TV, formerly XHRAE-TV. (Google translation)