XII International Brigade

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This article is about the Spanish Civil War unit also known as the Garibaldi Brigade. For the WWII Italian resistance partisan formation, see Garibaldi Brigades.
The symbol of the international brigades

The XII International Brigade was mustered on 7 November 1936 at Albacete, Spain. It was formerly named the Garibaldi Brigade, after the most famous and inspiring leader in the Italian Independence Wars, General Giuseppe Garibaldi. Its first commanding officer was a soviet advisor of Hungarian origin, Gen. "Pavol Lukács" (Máté Zalka), who went on to command the 45th Division of the Spanish Republican Army (he was killed during the Huesca Offensive), and its first political commisar was Gustav Regler.[1]

The brigade included, among others, the following battalions:[2][3][4]

The Brigade fought in the battles of Madrid,[7] the Corunna Road,[8] Guadalajara,[9] Guadarrama[10] and Brunete.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p. 468
  2. ^ Hugh Thomas, The Spanish Civil War, Appendix III
  3. ^ (Spanish) EPR Order of Battle Website
  4. ^ (Spanish) Associació Catalana Website
  5. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p. 468
  6. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p. 468
  7. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p. 179
  8. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. pp. 190 and 192
  9. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. pp. 580-581
  10. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p. 277
  11. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p. 280

Bibliography[edit]

  • Beevor, Antony. The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. 2006. ISBN 0-14-303765-X
  • Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. 2001. ISBN 978-0-14-101161-5