14th arrondissement of Paris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from XIVe arrondissement)
Jump to: navigation, search
"14th arrondissement" redirects here. For the district of Marseille, see 14th arrondissement of Marseille.
14th arrondissement of Paris
French municipal arrondissement
View over the 14th arrondissement, dominated by the Tour Montparnasse
View over the 14th arrondissement, dominated by the Tour Montparnasse
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Commune Paris
Government
 • Mayor Pascal Cherki
Area
 • Total 5.62 km2 (2.17 sq mi)
Population (8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total 132,844
 • Estimate (2005) 134,700
 • Density 24,000/km2 (61,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

The 14th arrondissement of Paris (also known as "arrondissement de l'Observatoire") is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of the capital city of France.

Situated on the left bank of the River Seine, it contains most of the Montparnasse district. It is today best known for its skyscraper, the Tour Montparnasse, and its major railway terminus, the Gare Montparnasse. The district has traditionally been home to many artists as well as a Breton community, arrived at the beginning of the 20th century upon the creation of the Montparnasse railway terminus.

The 14th arrondissement also contains the Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, which is located near the Parc Montsouris and the Stade Charléty.

Geography[edit]

The land area of this arrondissement is 5.621 km² (2.18 sq. miles, or 1,389 acres).

Demography[edit]

The 14th arrondissement attained its peak population in 1954 when it had 181,414 inhabitants. It continues to have a high density of both population and business activity with 132,844 inhabitants and 71,836 jobs as of the last census, in 1999.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)
1872 69,611 12,384
1954 (peak of population) 181,414 32,274
1962 178,149 31,693
1968 167,093 29,727
1975 149,137 26,532
1982 138,596 24,657
1990 136,574 24,297
1999 132,844 23,634
2009 137,189 24,324

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 14th arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
78.4% 21.6%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.4% 4.3% 4.4% 11.5%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Economy[edit]

SNCF head office

SNCF, the French rail company, has its head office in Montparnasse and the 14th arrondissement.[1][2] Aéroports de Paris has its head office in the arrondissement.[3] In addition Société d'exploitation de l'hebdomadaire Le Point (SEBDO Le Point), the company that operates Le Point, has its head office in the arrondissement.[4]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

La Santé Prison, operated by the Ministry of Justice, is in the arrondissement.

Culture[edit]

The International Astronomical Union head office is located on the second floor of the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris.[5]

Cityscape[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Main streets and squares[edit]

Pedestrian street in the 14th arrondissement of Paris

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Legal information." SNCF. Retrieved on 26 October 2009.
  2. ^ "Le siège haut perché de la SNCF à Montparnasse." Les Echos. 20 May 1999. Page 54. Retrieved on 1 May 2010. "Pari tenu : réceptionné le 19 mars par Bouygues Immobilier et livré à son occupant dix jours plus tard, le nouveau siège de la SNCF est sorti de la gangue du grand ensemble de la gare Montparnasse, dans le 14e arrondissement de Paris, en quinze mois d'un chantier intense qui a mobilisé sur place jusqu'à 650 personnes. Quelque 800 postes de travail sont concernés sur les 2.500 qui gravitaient hier autour du siège historique de Saint-Lazare (9e arrondissement), consacrant la partition entre une direction générale resserrée et des services centraux pléthoriques."
  3. ^ "Contacts." Aéroports de Paris. Retrieved on 3 February 2010.
  4. ^ "Mentions légales." Le Point. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. "Siège social : 74, avenue du Maine - 75682 Paris Cedex 14"
  5. ^ "IAU Secretariat." International Astronomical Union. Retrieved on 26 May 2011. "Address: IAU - UAI Secretariat 98-bis Blvd Arago F–75014 PARIS FRANCE" and "The IAU Secretariat is located in the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 2nd floor, offices n°270, 271 and 283."

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°49′58.88″N 2°19′36.80″E / 48.8330222°N 2.3268889°E / 48.8330222; 2.3268889