XI Corps (Grande Armée)

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XI Corps (Grande Armée)
Active 1809-1814
Country France First French Empire
Branch Army
Type Army Corps
Size Two to five divisions, cavalry, artillery
Engagements Napoleonic Wars
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Auguste Marmont
Pierre Augereau
Jacques MacDonald

The XI Corps of the Grande Armée was the name of a French military unit that existed during the Napoleonic Wars. In 1809 during the War of the Fifth Coalition, General of Division Auguste Marmont's Army of Dalmatia was renamed the XI Corps. Emperor Napoleon I held it in reserve at the Battle of Wagram. In 1812, the unit was reconstituted during the invasion of Russia and placed under Marshal Pierre Augereau. It did not fight in any battles and instead served a collection point for reserves. In spring 1813, it was reorganized and placed under the command of Marshal Jacques MacDonald. The corps fought at Lutzen, Bautzen, the Katzbach, Leipzig, and Hanau in 1813. Still under MacDonald, the unit fought at Bar-sur-Aube and several minor actions in 1814.

Orders of Battle[edit]

XI Corps in April 1809[edit]

XI Corps: General of Division Auguste Marmont

  • Chief of Staff: General of Brigade Jacques-Antoine-Adrien Delort
  • 1st Division: General of Division Joseph Hélie Désiré Perruquet de Montrichard (c. 6,000, 6 guns)
    • Colonel Jean Louis Soye
      • 18th Light Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
      • 5th Line Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
    • General of Brigade Jean Marie Auguste Aulnay de Launay
      • 79th Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
      • 81st Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
    • Artillery: 9th company of the 2nd Foot Artillery Regiment (six 6-pound cannons)
  • 2nd Division: General of Division Bertrand Clausel (c. 4,900, 16 guns)
    • General of Brigade Alexis Joseph Delzons
      • 8th Light Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
      • 23rd Line Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
    • General of Brigade Gilbert Désiré Joseph Bachelu.
      • 11th Line Infantry Regiment (three battalions)
    • Artillery: 3rd and 9th companies of the 8th Foot Artillery Regiment (six 6-pound cannons and two 5-inch howitzers each)
  • Corps Artillery Reserve: General of Brigade Louis Tirlet (56 guns).[1]
    • 10th company of the 7th Foot Artillery Regiment (six 12-pound cannons)
    • 2nd company of the 2nd Foot Artillery Regiment (six 12-pound cannons and two 5-inch howitzers)
    • 7th, 8th, 9th, 14th, and 15th companies of the 1st Italian Artillery Regiment (six 6-pound cannons each)
    • 14th and 15th companies of the 2nd Foot Artillery Regiment (six 6-pound cannons each)

Average battalion strength was approximately 700.
Source: Bowden, Scotty; Tarbox, Charlie (1980). Armies on the Danube 1809. Arlington, Texas: Empire Games Press. pp. 105–106. 

XI Corps in November 1812[edit]

XI Corps: Marshal Pierre Augereau

  • 30th Infantry Division: General of Division Étienne Heudelet de Bierre
    • 1st Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 2nd Light Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 4th Light Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 17th Light Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
    • 6th Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 16th Light Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 21st Light Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 28th Light Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 28th Line Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion
      • 43rd Line Infantry Regiment, two companies
      • 65th Line Infantry Regiment, one company
    • 7th Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 8th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 14th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 94th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
    • 8th Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 54th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 88th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 95th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 128th Line Infantry Regiment, 3rd Battalion
    • 9th Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 24th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 45th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 59th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 127th Line Infantry Regiment, 3rd Battalion
    • 17th Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 6th Light Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 25th Light Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 39th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
  • 31st Infantry Division: General of Division Joseph Lagrange
    • 10th Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 27th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 63rd Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 76th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 96th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
    • 11th Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 27th Light Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 50th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 2nd Méditerranée Regiment, 3rd Battalion
    • 12th Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 123rd Line Infantry Regiment, 3rd Battalion
      • 124th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 125th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 129th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
    • 13th Provisional Demi-Brigade
      • 5th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 11th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 79th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
  • 32nd Infantry Division: General of Division Pierre François Joseph Durutte
    • Brigades: unknown
      • Belle-Isle Regiment, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Battalions
      • Isle de Ré Regiment, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Battalions
      • Walcheren Regiment, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Battalions
      • 1st Méditerranée Regiment, 1st and 2nd Battalions
      • 2nd Méditerranée Regiment, 1st, 2nd and 4th Battalions
  • 33rd Infantry Division: General of Brigade François Détrés
    • 1st Brigade: Neapolitans
      • Royal Calabrian Regiment
      • Naples Regiment
      • Marine Battalion
    • 2nd Brigade: Neapolitans
      • Prince Lucien Regiment
      • Garde Vélites Regiment
  • 34th Infantry Division: General of Division Charles Antoine Morand
    • 1st Brigade:
      • 3rd Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 29th Line Infantry Regiment, 3rd and 4th Battalions
      • 105th Line Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion
      • 113th Line Infantry Regiment, 3rd and 4th Battalions
    • 2nd Brigade:
      • 4th Westphalian Infantry Regiment
      • Hessian Light Infantry Regiment
      • 4th Ducal Saxon Infantry Regiment, 4th Battalion

Source: Post, Marie Caroline (1910). The Life and Memoires of Comte Régis de Trobriand. New York, N.Y.: E. P. Dutton & Co. pp. 535–536. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 

XI Corps in October 1813[edit]

XI Corps: Marshal Jacques MacDonald

  • 31st Infantry Division: General of Division François Roch Ledru des Essarts
    • 1st Brigade: General of Brigade Philibert Fressinet
      • 11th Provisional Line Infantry Regiment (three battalions)
      • 13th Provisional Line Infantry Regiment (three battalions)
    • 2nd Brigade: General of Brigade François Nizard d'Henin
      • Westphalian 8th Line Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
      • Westphalian Light Infantry Regiment (one battalion)
    • 3rd Brigade: General of Brigade Macdonald
      • Neapolitan 4th Light Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
      • Neapolitan Elite Battalion
    • Divisional Artillery:
      • Westphalian Foot Battery (six guns)
      • Westphalian Foot Battery (six guns)
      • French Foot Battery (eight guns)
  • 35th Infantry Division: General of Division Étienne Maurice Gérard
    • 1st Brigade: General of Brigade Georges-Hippolyte Le Senescal
      • 6th Line Infantry Regiment (three battalions)
      • 112th Line Infantry Regiment (four battalions)
    • 2nd Brigade: General of Brigade Carlo Zucchi
      • Italian 2nd Light Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
      • Italian 5th Line Infantry Regiment (four battalions)
    • Divisional Artillery: Captain Marullier
      • Italian Foot Battery (eight guns)
      • Italian Horse Battery (six guns)
  • 36th Infantry Division: General of Division Henri François Marie Charpentier
    • 1st Brigade: General of Brigade François Martin Valentin Simmer
      • 22nd Light Infantry Regiment (four battalions)
      • 10th Line Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
    • 2nd Brigade: General of Brigade Claude Marie Meunier
      • 3rd Light Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
      • 14th Light Infantry Regiment (three battalions)
    • Divisional Artillery: Captain Bourgon
      • French Foot Battery (eight guns)
      • French Foot Battery (eight guns)
  • 39th Infantry Division: General of Division Jean Gabriel Marchand
    • 1st Brigade: General-major von Stockhorn
      • Baden 1st Line Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
      • Baden 3rd Line Infantry Regiment (two battalions)
    • 2nd Brigade: General-major Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse
      • Hesse-Darmstadt Guard Fusilier Battalion
      • Hesse-Darmstadt Leibgarde Regiment (two battalions)
      • Hesse-Darmstadt Leib Regiment (two battalions)
    • Divisional Artillery: Captain Bourgon
      • Baden Foot Battery (four guns)
      • Hesse-Darmstadt Foot Battery (three guns)
  • Attached to Corps:
    • Reserve Artillery: General of Division Joseph Marie de Pernety
      • 12-pound Foot Battery (eight guns)
      • 12-pound Foot Battery (eight guns)
      • Foot Battery (six guns)
      • Neapolitan Foot Battery (unknown number guns)
    • 28th Light Cavalry Brigade: General of Brigade Alexandre Montbrun
      • Italian 4th Chasseur a Cheval Regiment (two squadrons)
      • Neapolitan 2nd Chasseur a Cheval Regiment (four squadrons)

Source: "French Order of Battle Leipzig 1813: Part 1". Napoleon, His Army and Enemies. 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bowden & Tarbox, 151-152. The name is misspelled "Tiblet" both times.

References[edit]