XV Corps (Ottoman Empire)

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XV Corps
On Beşinci Kolordu
Kriegsfürsorge für die türkischen Truppen in Galizien.jpg
Active 1915–
Country Ottoman Empire
Type Corps
Patron Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Engagements Gallipoli Campaign (World War I)
Eastern Front (World War I)
Brusilov Offensive (Galicia Front)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Mirliva Weber Pasha (April 4, 1915[1]-)
Miralay Yakup Şevki Bey (May 3, 1916 – November 18, 1916[2])
Mirliva Cevat Pasha (November 18, 1916 – August 19, 1917[3])
Miralay Ahmet Fevzi Bey
Mirliva Mehmet Ali Pasha
Mirliva Ali Rıza Pasha
Mirliva Kâzım Karabekir Pasha (March 3, 1919 – June 9, 1920[4])

The XV Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 15 nci Kolordu or On Beşinci Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army. It was formed during World War I. Ottoman XV Army Corps sustained overall losses of around 25,000 in Galicia.[5]

480 soldiers of the XV Corps, who fought on the Galicia front and died, are buried at the Budapest Turkish Memorial Cemetery within the New Public Cemetery (Hungarian: Új köztemető) in Budapest, Hungary. Eleven graves are of unknown soldiers.[6]

World War I[edit]

Order of Battle, April 1915[edit]

In April 1915, the corps was structured as follows:[7]

Order of Battle, August 1916[edit]

In August 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[8]

    • 19th Division (Commander: Kaymakam Şefik Bey, Chief of Staff: Binbaşı Lütfü Bey)
      • 57th Infantry Regiment (Commander: Binbaşı Hayri Bey)
      • 72nd Infantry Regiment (Commander: Binbaşı Rıfat Bey)
      • 77th Infantry Regiment (Commander: Kaymakam Saip Bey)
      • Machine Gun Detachments x 2
      • 5th Company of the 4th Cavalry Regiment
      • Artillery Regiment (Commander: Binbaşı Ziya)
        • 2nd Battalion of 25th Artillery Regiment
        • 1st Battalion of 9th Artillery Regiment
      • 4th Engineer Company of 3rd Engineer Battalion
      • 19th Medical Company
      • Signal Detachment
    • 20th Division (Commander: Kaymakam Yasin Hilmi Bey, Chief of Staff: Captain İsmail Hakkı)
      • 61st Infantry Regiment (Commander: Kaymakam Bahaattin Bey)
      • 62nd Infantry Regiment(Commander; Binbaşı Nazmi Bey)
      • 63rd Infantry Regiment (Commander; Binbaşı Ahmet Muhtar Bey)
      • Machine Gun Detachments x 2
      • 6th Company of 12th Cavalry Regiment
      • 20th Artillery Regiment (Commander: Binbaşı Süleyman Avni Bey)
      • 4th Engineer Company of 4th Engineer Battalion

Order of Battle, December 1916[edit]

In December 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[9]

Order of Battle, August 1917[edit]

In August 1917, the corps was structured as follows:[10]

  • XV Corps (Syria)
    • 19th Division, 20th Division

Order of Battle, January 1918, June 1918[edit]

In January, June 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[11]

  • XV Corps (Anatolia)
    • None

Order of Battle, September 1918[edit]

In September 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[12]

After Mudros[edit]

Order of Battle, November 1918[edit]

In November 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[13]

  • XV Corps (Anatolia)
    • 41st Division, 44th Division

Order of Battle, January 1919[edit]

In January 1919, the corps was structured as follows:[14][15]

  • XV Corps (Caucasus, Erzurum)
    • 3rd Division (Tortum)
      • 7th Infantry Regiment, 8th Infantry Regiment, 11th Infantry Regiment
    • 12th Division (Erzurum)
      • 30th Infantry Regiment, 35th Infantry Regiment, 36th Infantry Regiment
    • 9th Caucasian Division (Hasankale; present day: Pasinler)
      • 17th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Regiment
    • 11th Caucasian Division (Van)
      • 18th Infantry Regiment, 38th Infantry Regiment, 34th Infantry Regiment

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ BOA, İ. HB, 1333. Ca/36
  2. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 67. (Turkish)
  3. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 23. (Turkish)
  4. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 162. (Turkish)
  5. ^ [1] turkesywar, Campaigns, Galicia.
  6. ^ "Budapeşte hakkında bilgiler, 15.06.2012" (in Turkish). Dışişleri Bakanlığı. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  7. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 87.
  8. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 134.
  9. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 154.
  10. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 170.
  11. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 181, 188.
  12. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 197.
  13. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 202.
  14. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 209.
  15. ^ Zekeriya Türkmen, Mütareke Döneminde Ordunun Durumu ve Yeniden Yapılanması (1918–1920), Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2001, ISBN 975-16-1372-8, p. 326.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]