XV Handel solo sonatas (Chrysander)
XV Solos for a German Flute, Hoboy, or Violin with a Thorough Bass for the Harpsichord or Bass Violin was published by Friedrich Chrysander in 1879. The 72 page volume contains sonatas, for various instruments, composed by George Frideric Handel. The words on the cover of the publication are: Sonate da Camera di G.F.Handel. The publication includes all the sonatas as published by Walsh in 1732; and those sonatas, as well as extras included by Chrysander, include the body of work that is known as Handel's "Opus 1".
In addition to the 15 sonatas indicated by the title of the publication, Chrysander appended the score for an additional four sonatas. The first sixteen sonatas (Ia, Ib, and numbers II to XV) were included as part of the HG volume 27. Sonata VI and the final four sonatas were included as part of HG volume 48 (pp. 112–139).
The musical instrument mentioned at the start of each sonata does not always match the instrument for which the work was originally written by Handel, however Chrysander was aware that the sale of the publication would be enhanced by the inclusion of a wide variety of instruments.
Each sonata displays the melody and bass lines—with the expectation that a competent keyboard player would supply the omitted inner parts based on the figured bass markings.
Despite the title, there are five instruments mentioned in the work: the traversa (flute), the flauto (recorder), the hoboy (oboe), the violin, and the viola da gamba.
The following table lists each of the sonatas included by Chrysander in his publication of 1879, as well as information about the instrument, the key, and the original sonata by Handel.
|Sonata Title||Page||Instrument||Key signature||Handel's sonata|
|01aSonata Ia||2||Flute||E minor||Flute sonata in E minor (HWV 379). (This version was not present in the Walsh publication.)|
|01bSonata Ib||6||Flute||E minor||Flute sonata in E minor (HWV 359b).|
|02Sonata II||9||Recorder||G minor||Recorder sonata in G minor (HWV 360).|
|03Sonata III||12||Violin||A major||Violin sonata in A major (HWV 361).|
|04Sonata IV||15||Recorder||A minor||Recorder sonata in A minor (HWV 362).|
|05Sonata V||19||Flute||G major||Flute sonata in G major (HWV 363b).|
|06Sonata VI||22||Oboe||G minor||Violin sonata in G minor (HWV 364a).|
|07Sonata VII||25||Recorder||C major||Recorder sonata in C major (HWV 365).|
|08Sonata VIII||29||Oboe||C minor||Oboe sonata in C minor (HWV 366).|
|09Sonata IX||32||Flute||B minor||Flute sonata in B minor (HWV 367b). Chrysander published what is now considered to be Handel's Opus 1 No. 9b.
(Handel's Opus 1 No. 9a is the Recorder sonata in D minor (HWV 367a).)
|10Sonata X||37||Violin||G minor||Violin sonata in G minor (HWV 368). Probably spurious.|
|11Sonata XI||40||Recorder||F major||Recorder sonata in F major (HWV 369).|
|12Sonata XII||42||Violin||F major||Violin sonata in F major (HWV 370). Probably spurious.|
|13Sonata XIII||47||Violin||D major||Violin sonata in D major (HWV 371). Not published by Walsh—the designation of Opus 1 No. 13 is by Chrysander.|
|14Sonata XIV||51||Violin||A major||Violin sonata in A major (HWV 372). Published by Walsh ca. 1730 (pseudo-Roger) as op. 1, no. 10—the designation of Opus 1 No. 14 is by Chrysander.|
|15Sonata XV||54||Violin||E major||Violin sonata in E major (HWV 373). Published by Walsh ca. 1730 (pseudo-Roger) as op. 1, no. 12—the designation of Opus 1 No. 15 is by Chrysander.|
|16Sonata XVI||57||Flute||A minor||Flute sonata in A minor (HWV 374). In this publication the work is sub-titled "(v. Sonata I — XV: vol. 27, pag. 1 — 56)". Of doubtful authenticity. Also known as "Halle sonata No. 1". No. 1 of Six Solos, Four for a German Flute … Compos’d by Mr Handel, Sigr Geminiani, Sigr Somis, Sigr Brivio (London, 1730).|
|17Sonata XVII||61||Flute||E minor||Flute sonata in E minor (HWV 375). Doubtful authenticity. Also known as "Halle sonata No. 2". No. 2 of Six Solos, Four for a German Flute … Compos’d by Mr Handel, Sigr Geminiani, Sigr Somis, Sigr Brivio (London, 1730). Movements 1–2 from HWV 366; movement 4 = keyboard minuet in G minor.|
|18Sonata XVIII||64||Flute||B minor||Flute sonata in B minor (HWV 376). Doubtful authenticity. Also known as "Halle sonata No. 3". No. 3 of Six Solos, Four for a German Flute … Compos’d by Mr Handel, Sigr Geminiani, Sigr Somis, Sigr Brivio (London, 1730).|
|19Sonata||67||Viola da Gamba||C major||No HWV number (spurious—possibly by J.M. Leffloth). For an unknown reason, Chrysander omitted the "XIX" from the title of the sonata. The bass is not figured. The work was also published in HG xlviii,112.|
- List of solo sonatas by George Frideric Handel
- Publications by Friedrich Chrysander
- Handel solo sonatas (publication by Walsh)
- Handel flute sonatas
- Anthony Hicks. "Handel, George Frideric", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. S. Sadie and J. Tyrrell (London: Macmillan, 2001), x, 801.
- Anthony Hicks. "Handel, George Frideric", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. S. Sadie and J. Tyrrell (London: Macmillan, 2001), x, 802.
- Handel – 19 Sonatas For Various Instruments (Chrysander)
- Handel – Sonatas (Walsh), 1732 edition ("Note: This is more corect [sic] than the former edition")