XV Royal Bavarian Reserve Corps

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XV Royal Bavarian Reserve Corps
XV. Königlich Bayerisches Reserve-Korps
Stab eines Generalkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
Active 1 September 1914 - post November 1918
Country  Bavaria /  German Empire
Type Corps
Engagements World War I

The XV Royal Bavarian Reserve Corps / XV Bavarian RK (German: XV. Königlich Bayerisches Reserve-Korps) was a corps level command of the Royal Bavarian Army, part of the German Army, in World War I.[a]

History[edit]

The Corps was formed on 1 September 1914 as the temporary Corps Eberhardt[1] named for its commander General der Infanterie Magnus von Eberhardt, military governor of Strasbourg, then in the German Imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine.[2] On 1 December 1914 it was established as XV Reserve Corps and on 1 September 1916 it was renamed as XV Bavarian Reserve Corps. It was still in existence at the end of the war[3] in Armee-Abteilung A, Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht von Württemberg on the Western Front.[4]

On September 15, 1914 Corps Eberhardt totaled 43 battalions, 6 squadrons, 30 batteries (172 guns) & 9 Pioneer companies. It was organized as follows:

Corps Division Brigade Units
Korps Eberhardt [5] Donon-Brigade Reserve Infantry Regiment 70 (2 btns)
III Battalion/ Landwehr Infantry Regiment 120
Ersatz Battalion/ Landwehr Infantry Regiment 99
1st Squadron/ Reserve Hussar Regiment 9
1st Battery/Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 13
One Battery, 9-cm cannons (8 guns)
Landwehr Pioneer Battalion 15 (Two cos.)
Ersatz Pioneer Co. 15
Landsturm Pioneer Co., XV A.K.
30th Reserve Division 10th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Brigade Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 11 (2 btns.)
Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 14
55th Ersatz Brigade [6] 55th, 56th, 57th, 58th, 82nd & 84th Brigade Ersatz Btns.
Cavalry Ersatz Abteilung Karlsruhe (1/3 sq.)
Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilungen 14 & 76 (four batteries)
5th Bavarian Ersatz Brigade[7] 5th, 6th, 7th & 8th Bavarian Brigade Ersatz Battalions
Cavalry Ersatz Abteilung Landau (1/3 sq.)
2nd & 12th Bavarian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilungen (four batteries)
42nd Landwehr Brigade II Battalion/ Landwehr Infantry Regiment 80
Landwehr Infantry Regiment 81
Divisional Units 2nd Squadron/ Reserve Hussar Regiment 9
Ersatz Sq./ Dragoon Regiment 20
Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilungen 15, 31, 51, 80 & 84 (each two batteries)
Bavarian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 4 (three batteries)
5th Battery/ Reserve Foot Artillery Rgt. 10 (heavy field howitzers)
3rd Battery/ Reserve Foot Artillery Rgt. 14 (10-cm cannons)
4th & 1st Cos./ Res Pioneer 15
Bavarian Ersatz Division 1st Bavarian Ersatz Brigade 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th Bavarian Brigade Ersatz Battalions
Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 4 (4 Btns.)
Cavalry Ersatz Abteilung Munich (1/3 sq.)
1st & 4th Bavarian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilungen (four batteries)
2nd Ersatz Co./Bavarian Pioneer 1
9th Bavarian Ersatz Brigade 9th, 10th, 11th & 12th Bavarian Brigade Ersatz Battalions
Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 15
II. Battalion/ Reserve Infantry Regiment 60
Cavalry Ersatz Abteilung Nuremberg (1/3 sq.)
8th & 10th Bavarian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilungen (four batteries)
1st Ersatz Co./Bavarian Pioneer 3
3rd Squadron/ Reserve Hussar Regiment 9
Bavarian Cavalry Ersatz Abteilung
Bavarian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilungen 1 (two batteries), 2 & 3 (each three batteries)
7th Battery/ Foot Artillery Rgt. 13 (10-cm cannons)
3rd Battery/ Reserve Foot Artillery 13 (heavy field howitzers)
2nd Bavarian Ersatz Pioneer Company
Abteilung Ferling Brigade Rekowski I. & II. Battalions/ Landwehr Infantry Regiment 120
I. & III. Battalions/ Landwehr Infantry Regiment 80
III. Battalion/ Landwehr Infantry Regiment 71
One Landwehr Squadron
2nd Battery/ Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 13
2nd Battery/ Bavarian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilungen 1
4th Battery/ Reserve Foot Artillery Rgt 14 (10-cm cannons)
2nd Reserve Co./ Pioneer 15

On December 10, 1914 XV Reserve Corps was organized as follows:

Corps Division Brigade Units
XV Reserve Corps [8] 30th Reserve Division 10th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Brigade Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 11 (2 btns.)
Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 14
5th Bavarian Ersatz Brigade 2nd Bavarian Ersatz Regiment [9]
4th Bavarian Ersatz Regiment [10]
Divisional Units 1st & 2nd Squadrons/ Reserve Hussar Regiment 9
Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilungen 31, 51 & 80
4th Co./ Pioneer 15
Attached: 3rd Battery/ Reserve Foot Artillery Rgt. 14 (10-cm cannons)
39th Reserve Division [11] 1st Bavarian Ersatz Brigade 1st Bavarian Ersatz Regiment [12]
3rd Bavarian Ersatz Regiment [13]
9th Bavarian Ersatz Brigade 2nd & 9th Bavarian Brigade Ersatz Battalions
Landwehr Infantry Regiment 81
Divisional Units 3rd Squadron/ Reserve Hussar Regiment 9
Bavarian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 10
2nd Battery/ Bavarian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 4
1st Battery/ Bavarian Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 8
2nd Ersatz Co./ Bavarian Pioneer Battalion 1
1st Ersatz Co./ Bavarian Pioneer battalion 3
Attached: 5th Battery/ Reserve Foot Artillery Rgt. 10 (heavy field howitzers), 2/3 2nd Battery/ Bavarian Landwehr Foot Artillery Btl 1. (heavy field howitzers), 7th Battery/ Foot Artillery Rgt. 13 (10-cm cannons), 1/2 1st Battery/ Reserve Foot Artillery Rgt. 10 (13-cm cannons), 2nd Landwehr Pioneer Co., XIII A.K.
Attached 52nd Landwehr Brigade [14] Landwehr Infantry Regiment 80
Ersatz Infantry Regiment 29 [15]
1st Landwehr Squadron, XIV A.K.
2nd Battery/ Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 13
Attached: 2nd Battery/ Landwehr Foot Artillery Btl. 10 (heavy field howitzers), 4th Battery/ Reserve Foot Artillery Rgt 14 (10-cm cannons), 1/2 2nd Battery/ Reserve Foot Artillery Rgt. 10 (13-cm cannons), 2nd Reserve Co./Pioneer Btl. 15, Pioneer Co. 14
84th Landwehr Brigade [16] I. & II. Battalions/ Reserve Infantry Regiment 70
Ersatz Battalion/ Landwehr Infantry Regiment 99
1st Battery/Field Artillery Ersatz Abteilung 13
Attached: 1/3 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Foot Artillery Btl. 1 (heavy field howitzers), Landsturm Pioneer Co., XV A.K.

Commanders[edit]

Korps Eberhardt / XV Reserve Corps / XV Bavarian Reserve Corps had the following commanders during its existence:[17][18]

From Rank Name
1 September 1914 General der Infanterie Magnus von Eberhardt
16 October 1916 General der Artillerie Maximilian von Höhn[19]
8 August 1918 Generalleutnant Paul von Kneußl

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From the late 1800s, the Prussian Army was effectively the German Army as, during the period of German unification (1866-1871), the states of the German Empire entered into conventions with Prussia regarding their armies. Only the Bavarian Army remained fully autonomous and came under Prussian control only during wartime.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 88
  2. ^ The Prussian Machine Accessed: 23 March 2012
  3. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 88–89
  4. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, pp. 186–187
  5. ^ 5 Weltkrieg, p. 590
  6. ^ |Mobilized as an independent brigade
  7. ^ |Mobilized as part of the Bavarian Ersatz Division
  8. ^ 6 Weltkrieg, p. 454
  9. ^ |Composed of 7th & 8th Bavarian Brigade Ersatz Battalions
  10. ^ |Composed of 5th & 6th Bavarian Brigade Ersatz Battalions
  11. ^ |Earlier Division v. Rekowski
  12. ^ |Composed of 1st, 3rd & 4th Bavarian Brigade Ersatz Battalions
  13. ^ |Composed of 10th, 11th & 12th Bavarian Brigade Ersatz Battalions
  14. ^ |Earlier Abteilung Ferling
  15. ^ |Composed of 58th, 82nd & 84th Brigade Ersatz Battalions
  16. ^ |Earlier Donon-Brigade
  17. ^ "German War History". Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  18. ^ "Armee-Reserve-Korps". The Prussian Machine. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  19. ^ Promoted to General der Artillerie on the same date. "Maximilian Ritter von Höhn". The Prussian Machine. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6. 
  • Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), compiled from records of Intelligence section of the General Staff, American Expeditionary Forces, at General Headquarters, Chaumont, France 1919. The London Stamp Exchange Ltd (1989). 1920. ISBN 0-948130-87-3. 
  • The German Forces in the Field; 7th Revision, 11th November 1918; Compiled by the General Staff, War Office. Imperial War Museum, London and The Battery Press, Inc (1995). 1918. ISBN 1-870423-95-X.