15th arrondissement of Paris

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"15th arrondissement" redirects here. For the district of Marseille, see 15th arrondissement of Marseille.
15th arrondissement of Paris
French municipal arrondissement
The Front de Seine highrise district near the Eiffel Tower.
The Front de Seine highrise district near the Eiffel Tower.
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Commune Paris
Government
 • Mayor Philippe Goujon
Area
 • Total 8.50 km2 (3.28 sq mi)
Population (8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total 225,362
 • Estimate (2005) 232,400
 • Density 27,000/km2 (69,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

The 15th arrondissement of Paris (also known as "arrondissement de Vaugirard") is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of the capital city of France.

Situated on the Rive Gauche (left bank) of the River Seine and sharing the Montparnasse district with the 6th and 14th arrondissements, it is the city's most populous arrondissement. The Tour Montparnasse – the tallest skyscraper in Paris – and the neighbouring Gare Montparnasse are both located in the 15th arrondissement, at its border with the 14th. It is also home to the Parc des Expositions which is near the Parc des Princes and houses Porte de Versailles exhibition centre, the high-rise district of the Front de Seine (or Beaugrenelle).

Geography[edit]

The land area of this arrondissement is 8.502 km2 (3.283 sq. miles, or 2,101 acres).

Demography[edit]

The peak of population of Paris's 15th arrondissement occurred in 1962, when it had 250,551 inhabitants. Since then it has lost approximately one-tenth of its population, but it remains the most populous arrondissement of Paris, with 225,362 inhabitants at the last census in 1999. With 144,667 jobs at the same census, the 15th is also very dense in business activities.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km2)
1872 75,449 8,874
1954 250,124 29,419
1962 (peak of population) 250,551 29,470
1968 244,080 28,709
1975 231,301 27,205
1982 225,596 26,534
1990 223,940 26,340
1999 225,362 26,507
2009 236,491 27,888

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 15th arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
80.0% 20.0%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.0% 4.8% 4.0% 10.2%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Places of interest[edit]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

At one time the head office of the Bureau Enquêtes-Accidents was in the 15th arrondissement.[1] It will host in a close future the centralized administration of the French Ministry of Defense.

Economy[edit]

The former Air France headquarters in Montparnasse

The headquarters of Orange S.A. and Eutelsat are located in the 15th arrondissement.[2] La Poste, the French mail service, has its head office in the arrondissement.[3][4] The publisher Hachette Livre also has its headquarters in the arrondissement.[5]

Prior to the completion of the current Air France headquarters in Tremblay-en-France in December 1995,[6][7] Air France was headquartered in a tower located next to the Gare Montparnasse rail station in Montparnasse and in the 15th arrondissement; Air France had its headquarters in the tower for about 30 years.[8][9][10]

Previously the Tour Maine-Montparnasse, Quartier Necker, in the 15th arrondisement of Paris housed the executive management of Accor.[11]

History[edit]

The loi du 16 juin 1859 decreed the annexation to Paris of the area between the old Wall of the Farmers-General and the wall of Thiers. The communes of Grenelle, Vaugirard, and Javel were incorporated into Paris in 1860.

Quarters[edit]

The four administrative quarters of the 15th arrondissement

As in all the Parisian arrondissements, the fifteenth is made up of four administrative quarters (quartiers).

  • To the south, quartier Saint-Lambert occupies the former site of the village of Vaugirard, built along an ancient Roman road of the same name. The geography of the area was particularly suited to wine-making, as well as quarrying. In fact, many Parisian monuments, such as the École Militaire, were built from Vaugirard stone. The village, not yet being part of Paris, was considered by Parisians to be an agreeable suburb, pleasant for country walks or its cabarets and puppet shows. In 1860 Vaugirard was annexed to Paris, along with adjoining villages. Today, the only notable attractions in this area are the Parc des Expositions (an exhibition center which hosts the Foire de Paris, agricultural expositions, and car shows), and Parc Georges Brassens, a park built on the former site of a slaughterhouse.
  • To the east, quartier Necker was originally an uninhabited space between Paris and Vaugirard. The most well-known landmarks in the area are the Gare Montparnasse train station and the looming Tour Montparnasse office tower. The area around the train station has been renovated and now contains a number of office and apartment blocks, a park (the Jardin Atlantique, built directly over the train tracks), and shopping centers. Finally, the quartier contains a number of public buildings: the Lycée Buffon, Necker Children's Hospital, and the Institut Pasteur.
  • To the north, quartier Grenelle was originally a village of the same name. Grenelle plain extended from the current Hôtel des Invalides to the suburb of Issy-les-Moulineaux on the other side of the Seine, but remained mostly uninhabited in centuries past due to difficulties farming the land. At the beginning of the 19th century, an entrepreneur by the name of Violet divided off a section of the plain: this became the village of Beaugrenelle, known for its series of straight streets and blocks, which remain today. The whole area broke off from the commune of Vaugirard in 1830, becoming the commune of Grenelle, which was in turn annexed to Paris in 1860. A century later, a number of apartment and office towers were built along the Seine, along with Beaugrenelle shopping mall.
  • To the west, quartier Javel lies to the south of Grenelle plain. In years past, it was the industrial area of the arrondissement: first with chemical companies (the famous Eau de Javel [bleach] was invented and produced there), then electrical companies (Thomson), and finally car manufacturers (Citroën), whose factories occupied a large part of the quartier up until the early 1970s. The industrial areas have since been destroyed, and the neighbourhood now contains Parc André Citroën, Georges Pompidou European Hospital, and a number of large office buildings and television studios (Sagem, Snecma, the Direction Générale de l'Aviation Civile, Canal Plus, France Télévisions, etc.). In addition, to the south of the circular highway (boulevard périphérique), an extension of the 15th, formerly an aerodrome at the beginning of the 20th century, is now a heliport, a gym and a recreation center.
The early airfield here has been encroached upon by urban development and a sports centre but the residual area, mainly laid to grass, continues to serve Paris as a heliport. The Sécurité Civile has a detachment here close to maintenance facilities. Customs facilities are available and the facility is especially busy during the Salon d'Aeronautique airshows held at Le Bourget on the other side of the city.

Education[edit]

Schiller International University has a campus in the arrondissement. It is in proximity to Place de la Convention.[12] This arrondissement is also host of the École Active Bilingue Jeannine Manuel international school.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "f-gk820317.pdf." Bureau Enquêtes-Accidents. Retrieved on 18 April 2012. "246, rue Lecourbe 75732 PARIS - France"
  2. ^ "legal matters." Orange. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  3. ^ "Contact Us." La Poste. Retrieved on 22 December 2010. "La Poste laposte.com V603 44 bd de Vaugirard 75015 Paris – France"
  4. ^ "Mentions légales." La Poste. Retrieved on 22 December 2010. "Siège social : 44 boulevard de Vaugirard - 75757 PARIS CEDEX 15."
  5. ^ Home. Hachette Livre. Retrieved on 17 April 2011. "Hachette Livre 43, quai de Grenelle 75905 Paris Cedex 15"
  6. ^ "AIR FRANCE HEAD QUARTERS - ROISSYPOLE." Groupement d'Etudes et de Méthodes d'Ordonnancement (GEMO). Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  7. ^ "Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle." Tremblay-en-France. Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  8. ^ Salpukas, Agis (1992-12-27). "Air France's Big Challenge". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 18 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-31. 
  9. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975. "466.
  10. ^ Mlekuz, Nathalie. "Air France vole vers ses avions, destination Roissy." Le Monde. 2 April 1997. Retrieved on 22 September 2009.
  11. ^ "Address book." Accor. 17 October 2006. Retrieved on 19 March 2012. "Executive Management Tour Maine-Montparnasse 33, avenue du Maine 75755 Paris Cedex 15 France"
  12. ^ "Paris." Schiller International University. Retrieved on August 28, 2011. "Schiller International University 9, rue Yvart 75015 - Paris FRANCE "

Also, Le Cordon Bleu Academie D'Art Culinaire is on Rue Léon Delhomme, nearby Vaugirard. The school was established in 1895.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°50′28.78″N 2°18′1.05″E / 48.8413278°N 2.3002917°E / 48.8413278; 2.3002917