XX Corps (Ottoman Empire)

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XX Corps
Yirminci Kolordu
Active 1916–
Country Ottoman Empire
Type Corps
Patron Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Engagements Macedonian Front (World War I)
Sinai and Palestine Campaign (World War I)
Battle of Jerusalem
Battle of Megiddo
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Mirliva Abdul Kerim Pasha
Mirliva Ali Fuad Pasha (June 30, 1917-June 26, 1920[1])

The XX Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 20 nci Kolordu or Yirminci Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army. It was formed during World War I.

World War I[edit]

Order of Battle, December 1916[edit]

In December 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[2][3]

    • 50th Division (Commander: Kaymakam Şükrü Naili Bey, Chief of Staff: Yüzbaşı Tevfik Bey)
      • 157th Infantry Regiment (Commander: Kaymakam Akif Bey)
      • 158th Infantry Regiment (Commander: Binbaşı Nedim Bey)
      • 169th Inıfantry Regiment (Commander: Kaymakam Servet Bey)
      • 50th Artillery Regiment (Commander: Binbaşı Sadık Bey)

Order of Battle, August 1917[edit]

In August 1917, the corps was structured as follows:[4]

Order of Battle, June 1918, September 1918[edit]

In June 1918, September 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[5]

After Mudros[edit]

Order of Battle, November 1918[edit]

In November 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[6]

Order of Battle, January 1919[edit]

In January 1919, the corps was structured as follows:[7][8]

  • XX Corps (Anatolia, Ereğli)
    • 23rd Division (Afyon)
      • 3rd Infantry Regiment, 58th Infantry Regiment, 143rd Infantry Regiment
    • 24th Division (Ereğeli)
      • 69th Infantry Regiment, 89th Infantry Regiment, 159th Infantry Regiment

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 154. (Turkish)
  2. ^ İsmet Görgülü, On Yıllık Harbin Kadrosu: 1912 - 1922 (Balkan-Birinci Dünya ve İstiklâl Harbi), Türk Tarih Kurumu, 1993, p. 183. (Turkish)
  3. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 154.
  4. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 170.
  5. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 188, 197.
  6. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 202.
  7. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 209.
  8. ^ Zekeriya Türkmen, Mütareke Döneminde Ordunun Durumu ve Yeniden Yapılanması (1918-1920), Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2001, ISBN 975-16-1372-8, p. 326.

See also[edit]