X Corps (Ottoman Empire)

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X Corps
Onuncu Kolordu
Active 1911–
Country Ottoman Empire
Type Corps
Garrison/HQ Erzincan, Sivas
Patron Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Engagements Battle of Şarköy (First Balkan War)
Caucasus Campaign (World War I)
Battle of Sarikamish
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Mirliva Ziya Pasha
Miralay Hafiz Hakki Bey
Mirliva Yusuf Izzet Pasha (November 1914-1916[1])

The X Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 10 ncu Kolordu or Onuncu Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army. It was formed in the early 20th century during Ottoman military reforms.

Formation[edit]

Order of Battle, 1911[edit]

With further reorganizations of the Ottoman Army, to include the creation of corps level headquarters, by 1911 the X Corps was headquartered in Erzincan. The Corps before the First Balkan War in 1911 was structured as such:[2]

  • X Corps, Erzincan
    • 30th Infantry Division, Erzincan
      • 88th Infantry Regiment, Erzincan
      • 89th Infantry Regiment, Erzincan
      • 90th Infantry Regiment, Erzincan
      • 30th Rifle Battalion, Yemen
      • 30th Field Artillery Regiment, Erzincan
      • 30th Division Band, Erzincan
    • 31st Infantry Division, Erzincan
      • 91st Infantry Regiment, Siirt
      • 92nd Infantry Regiment, Bitlis
      • 93rd Infantry Regiment, Sivas
      • 31st Rifle Battalion, Erzincan
      • 31st Division Band, Erzincan
    • 32nd Infantry Division, Ma'murat-ül Aziz
      • 94th Infantry Regiment, Diyâr-ı Bekir
      • 95th Infantry Regiment, Ma'murat-ül Aziz
      • 96th Infantry Regiment, Dersim
      • 32nd Rifle Battalion, Erzıncan
      • 32nd Field Artillery Regiment, Erzincan
      • 32nd Division Band, Ma'murat-ül Aziz
  • Units of IX Corps
  • 19th Cavalry Regiment, Erzincan
  • 20th Cavalry Regiment, Diyâr-ı Bekir
  • 9th Engineer Battalion, Erzincan
  • 9th Transport Battalion, Erzincan
  • Medical Detachment, Erzincan

Balkan Wars[edit]

Order of Battle, January 7, 1913[edit]

On January 7, 1913, the Provisional X Corps was structured as follows:[3]

  • X Corps
    • 31st Division
    • 32nd Division
    • Mamuretülaziz Redif Division
    • 30th Field Artillery Regiment
    • Independent Schneider Artillery Battalion
    • Mountain Howitzer Battalion
    • 5th Cavalry Regiment
    • Tribal Cavalry Division
    • Trains and Ammunition Columns

Order of Battle, March 25, 1913[edit]

On March 25, 1913, the corps was structured as follows:[4]

Order of Battle, July 1913[edit]

World War I[edit]

Order of Battle, August 1914, November 1914, ate April 1915, Late Summer 1915, January 1916, August 1916[edit]

In November 1914, Late April 1915, Late Summer 1915, January 1916, August 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[5]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 69. (Turkish)
  2. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 380.
  3. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 260.
  4. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 287.
  5. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 38, 43, 86, 109, 126, 134.