10th Air Corps (Germany)

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X. Fliegerkorps
German 10th Air Corps
Kommandierender General eines Fliegerkorps.svg
Flag of a commanding general of a Fliegerkorps
Active 2 October 1939 – 5 September 1944
Country Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Branch Air Force
Engagements

World War II

Commanders
Notable
commanders
Martin Fiebig

X. Fliegerkorps[Notes 1] (10th Air Corps) was a formation of the German Luftwaffe in World War II, which specialised in coastal operations. It was formed 2 October 1939, in Hamburg from the 10. Flieger-Division.

Operational history[edit]

The Corps was stationed in north Germany in February 1940 when some of its aircraft were involved in a disastrous friendly fire incident that terminated the Kriegsmarine's Operation Wikinger.[References 1]

In early 1941, X. Fliegerkorps was transferred from Norway to Sicily to support the build-up of the Afrika Korps in Libya. On 12 January 1941, it had 80 Ju 88A-4 bombers of LG 1 and 12 Ju 88D-5 reconnaissance planes at Catania, 80 Ju 87R-1 ("Stuka") dive-bombers of StG 1 and StG 2 at Trapani, 27 He 111H-6 torpedo bombers of KG 26 at Comiso and 34 Bf 110C-4 fighters of ZG 26 at Palermo.[References 2] It was prominent in the axis effort to suppress Royal Navy interference with the supply routes from Italy by reducing Malta's effectiveness as a forward base.[References 3] On 10 and 11 January 1941 X. Fliegerkorps planes sank HMS Southampton and heavily damaged HMS Illustrious during Operation Excess.[References 4] Bf 109E-7 fighters of JG 26 and JG 27 joined the offensive on Malta during February and March 1941.[References 5]

The Corps was moved out of Sicily in April 1941 for the Invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece.[References 6] Maritime float planes replaced fighters and dive bombers while the Corps was stationed in Greece. Strength on 10 May 1942 was 74 Ju 88 at Eleusis and Heraklion, 25 He 111 at Kalamaki, and 53 Ar 196A-3, He 60c, Fokker T.VIII and Bv 138C-1 at Skaramagas and Kavalla.[References 7] The Corps was crucial in securing air superiority and German victory during the 1943 Dodecanese Campaign. The Corps was renamed to Kommandierender General der Deutschen Luftwaffe in Griechenland (commanding general of the German Luftwaffe in Greece) in March 1944 and disbanded on 5 September 1944 with the withdrawal of German forces from the country.

Commanding officers[edit]

Commanding general[edit]

  • General der Flieger Hans Geisler, 2 October 1939 – 31 August 1942
  • General der Flieger Bernhard Kühl (acting), 3 June 1940 – 20 September 1940
  • General der Flieger Otto Hoffmann von Waldau, 31 August 1942 – 31 December 1942
  • Generalleutnant Alexander Holle, 1 January 1943 – 22 May 1943
  • General der Flieger Martin Fiebig, 22 May 1943 – 1 September 1944

Chief-of-Staff[edit]

  • Oberstleutnant Martin Harlinghausen, 1 November 1939 – 31.3.41
  • Generalleutnant Ulrich Kessler (acting), 25 April 1940 – 21 May 1940
  • Generalleutnant Günther Korten, 1 April 1941 – March 1942
  • Oberst Sigismund Freiherr von Falkenhausen, 1 April 1942 - March 1943
  • Major Eckard Christian, 8 March 1943 – 2 June 1943
  • Generalmajor Walter Boenicke, June 1943 – 6 January 1944

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ For more details see Luftwaffe Organization
References
  1. ^ Emmerich, Michael (26 Aug 2003). "Unternehmen Wikinger". German Kriegsmarine Encyclopedia. Retrieved 31 Aug 2009. 
  2. ^ Wood, Tony & Gunston, Bill Hitler's Luftwaffe Crescent Books p.33
  3. ^ "A MILITARY LIABILITY". The Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–1945. Victoria University of Wellington. 2008. p. 6. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  4. ^ Greene, Jack & Massignani, Alessandro The Naval War in the Mediterranean 1940-1943 Chatham Publishing (1998) ISBN 1-86176-057-4 pp.133-136
  5. ^ Wood, Tony & Gunston, Bill Hitler's Luftwaffe Crescent Books p.33
  6. ^ Wood, Tony & Gunston, Bill Hitler's Luftwaffe Crescent Books p.33
  7. ^ Wood, Tony & Gunston, Bill Hitler's Luftwaffe Crescent Books p.50