Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Robert Greenwald|
|Produced by||Lawrence Gordon
|Written by||Richard Christian Danus
Marc Reid Rubel
|Music by||Barry De Vorzon|
|Cinematography||Victor J. Kemper|
|Edited by||Dennis Virkler|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Running time||96 minutes|
Xanadu is a 1980 American romantic musical fantasy film written by Richard Christian Danus and Marc Reid Rubel and directed by Robert Greenwald. The title is a reference to the nightclub in the film, which takes its name from Xanadu, the summer capital of Kublai Khan's Yuan Dynasty in China. This city appears in Kubla Khan by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, a poem that is quoted in the film. The film's plot was inspired by 1947's Down to Earth.
Xanadu stars Olivia Newton-John, Michael Beck, and Gene Kelly, and features music by Newton-John, Electric Light Orchestra, Cliff Richard, and The Tubes. The film also features animation by Don Bluth.
Not a financial success, Xanadu earned mixed to negative critical reviews and was an inspiration for the creation of the Golden Raspberry Awards to memorialize the worst films of the year.
Sonny Malone is a talented artist who dreams of fame beyond his job, which is the non-creative task of painting larger versions of album covers for record-store window advertisements. As the film opens, Sonny is broke and on the verge of giving up his dream. Having quit his day job to try to make a living as a freelance artist, but having failed to make any money at it, Sonny returns to his old job at AirFlo Records. After some humorous run-ins with his imperious boss and nemesis, Simpson, he resumes painting record covers.
At work, Sonny is told to paint an album cover for a group called The Nine Sisters. The cover features a beautiful woman passing in front of an art deco auditorium (the Pan-Pacific Auditorium). This same woman collided with him earlier that day, kissed him, then roller-skated away, and Malone becomes obsessed with finding her. He finds her at the same auditorium, now abandoned. She there identifies herself as Kira, but she will not tell him anything else about herself. Unbeknownst to Sonny, Kira is one of nine mysterious and beautiful women who literally sprang to life from a local mural in town near the beach. Sonny befriends Daniel "Danny" McGuire, a has-been big band orchestra leader turned construction mogul. Danny lost his muse in the 1940s (who is seen in a flashback scene to bear a startling resemblance to Kira), and Sonny has not yet found his muse. Kira encourages the two men to form a partnership and open a nightclub at the old auditorium from the album cover. She falls in love with Sonny, and this presents a problem because she is actually an Olympian Muse ("Kira's" real name is Terpsichore, and she is the Muse of Dance.) The other eight women from the beginning of the film are her sisters and fellow goddesses, the Muses, and the mural is actually a portal of sorts and their point of entry to Earth.
The Muses visit Earth often to help inspire others to pursue their dreams and desires, but in Kira's case, she has violated the rules by which Muses are supposed to conduct themselves, as she was only supposed to inspire Sonny but has ended up falling in love with him as well. Her parents, presumably the Greek gods Zeus and Mnemosyne, recall her to the timeless realm of the Olympian gods. Sonny follows her through the mural and professes his love for her. A short debate between Sonny and Zeus occurs, with Mnemosyne interceding on behalf of Kira and Sonny. Kira herself then enters the discussion, saying the emotions she has toward Sonny are new to her–if only they could have one more night together, Sonny's dream of success for the nightclub Xanadu could come true. Zeus ultimately sends Sonny back to Earth. After Kira expresses her feelings for Sonny, Zeus and Mnemosyne decide to let Kira go to him for a "moment, or maybe forever." They cannot keep these straight because mortal time confuses them, and the audience is left to wonder her fate.
In the finale, Kira and the Muses perform for a packed house at Xanadu's grand opening, and after Kira's final song, they return to the realm of the gods in spectacular fashion. With their departure, Sonny is understandably depressed. But that quickly changes when Danny has one of the waitresses bring Sonny a drink, because the waitress who brings him the drink looks exactly like Kira. Sonny approaches this seeming double and says he would just like to talk to her. The film ends with the two of them talking, in silhouette, as the credits begin to roll.
- Olivia Newton-John as Kira (Terpsichore)
- Michael Beck as Sonny Malone
- Gene Kelly as Danny McGuire
- James Sloyan as Simpson
- Dimitra Arliss as Helen
- Katie Hanley as Sandra
- Fred McCarren as Richie
- Ren Woods as Jo
- Melvin Jones as Big Al
- Matt Lattanzi as young Danny
- Ira Newborn as '40s Band Leader
- Jo Ann Harris as '40s Singer
- Wilfrid Hyde-White as Heavenly Voice #1
- Coral Browne as Heavenly Voice #2
- Darcel Wynne as Background Dancer
- Deborah Jennsen as Background Dancer
- Alexander Cole as Background Dancer
- Adolfo Quinones as Xanadu Dancer
- Matt Lattanzi as Xanadu/Background Dancer
- Joe Mantegna (deleted scenes)
- The Muses
- Instrumental medley of "Whenever You're Away From Me" and "Xanadu", over first part of opening credits
- "Whenever You're Away From Me" excerpt – Danny playing on the clarinet, at the beach
- Instrumental underscoring of "Xanadu" with Sonny drawing and painting
- Extended intro to "I'm Alive" (only a portion of which is in the soundtrack album)
- "I'm Alive" (ELO) – on the film's music track, as Muse wall paintings come to life
- "Whenever You're Away From Me" excerpt – Danny again playing the clarinet, at the beach.
- "Magic" (ONJ) – on the film's music track, while Kira is roller skating in the dark auditorium while Sonny watches and talks to her
- "You Made Me Love You" (ONJ) (non-soundtrack LP track released as B-side of the "Suddenly" single) – on Glenn Miller record played by Danny in the ballroom of his home
- "Whenever You're Away From Me" (Gene Kelly and ONJ) – Danny and Kira singing and dancing in the ballroom. This song was heavily influenced by Frank Sinatra. According to the DVD special, this was the last sequence filmed.
- "Suddenly" (ONJ duet with Cliff Richard) – on the track as Kira and Sonny roller-skate through the recording studio.
- "Dancin'" (ONJ duet with The Tubes) – Danny and Sonny, in the auditorium, imagine differing visions of their ideal club. Sonny's hard-rocking glam band and Danny's Big Band female trio lip-synching to ONJ's self-harmony musically and physically merge into a unified whole, leading to agreement on "Xanadu" as the name of the club
- "Don't Walk Away" (ELO) – on the film's music track during an animated sequence featuring Sonny and Kira as several animals
- "All Over the World" (ELO) – on the film's music track in the "franchised glitz dealer" store, with Danny running through various dance steps, and some rollerskating, as he tries on different outfits
- "The Fall" (ELO) – on the film's music track, as Sonny roller-skates toward (and through) the Muse wall painting
- "Suspended in Time" (ONJ) – Kira sings
- "Drum Dreams" (ELO) (non-soundtrack LP track released as B-side of the "I'm Alive" and "All Over The World" singles) – beginning of Xanadu opening night roller disco sequence, with Danny leading the group on skates
- "Xanadu" (ONJ and ELO) – Kira sings
- "Fool Country" (ONJ) (non-soundtrack LP track released as B-side of the "Magic" single) – Kira in various costumes, singing
- "Xanadu" reprise, Kira singing; dancing with the other 8 Muses; they disappear, then Kira disappears
- "Magic" (ONJ) reprise, on the film's music track, fades out as Kira reappears
- Instrumental riff from "Xanadu", Kira and Sonny become silhouetted; "The End"
- "Xanadu" (ONJ and ELO) short version, over closing credits.
The film was originally conceived as a relatively low-budget roller disco picture. As a number of prominent, A-list performers joined the production, it evolved into a much larger project, while retaining rollerskating as a recurring theme, especially in the final scenes of the club's opening night.
Earlier versions of the story established that Sonny was the artist who created the mural from which the nine goddess sisters emerge. This provided a much stronger explanation for the muses' interest in helping him achieve artistic success. However, continual rewrites and editing during production caused this plot point to be lost, except for one line spoken by Sonny as he laments his failure as a freelance artist; "I paint his van...I paint somebody else's mural...". The Marvel Comics adaptation published as Marvel Super Special #17 retained the more strongly emphasized connection between Sonny and the painting.
Kelly's role of Danny McGuire is revived from the 1944 film Cover Girl which co-stars Rita Hayworth. His reprisal of the character in 'Xanadu' was to be his final film appearance, except for compilation films of the That's Entertainment series. Kenny Ortega and Jerry Trent served as choreographers.
The Pan-Pacific Auditorium in Los Angeles was used only for exterior shots of the nighclub. Xanadu's nightclub interior was built on Stage 4 of the Hollywood Center Studios (1040 N. Las Palmas Avenue, Hollywood) beginning in 1979. Sonny refers to the Auditorium as "a dump", which was a fair characterization of the Pan-Pacific by then. Danny jokes that "they used to have wrestling here", which was a true statement about the Auditorium. The building would be consumed by fire a decade later.
Xanadu has generally earned mixed to negative reviews. For example, Roger Ebert gave the film two stars, describing the film as "a mushy and limp musical fantasy" with a confused story, redeemed only by Newton-John's "high spirits" and several strong scenes from Kelly. Moreover, Ebert criticized the choreography, saying "the dance numbers in this movie do not seem to have been conceived for film." He noted that mass dance scenes were not photographed well by cinematographer Victor J. Kemper, who shot at eye level and failed to pick up the larger patterns of dancers, with dancers in the background muddying the movement of the foreground. With a combination of contemporaneous and modern reviews, Xanadu today holds a "Rotten" rating of 39% from the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes.
The film barely broke even at the box office in its initial release. A double feature of Xanadu and another musical released at about the same time, Can't Stop the Music, inspired John J. B. Wilson to create the Golden Raspberry Awards (or "Razzies"), an annual event "dishonoring" what is considered the worst in cinema for a given year. Xanadu won the first Razzie for Worst Director and was nominated for six other awards.
Despite the film's mediocre success, the soundtrack album (UK #2, US #4), however, was a major hit. It was certified Double Platinum in the US and Gold in the UK, and also spent one week atop the Cashbox and Record World Pop Albums charts. The soundtrack contained five Top 20 singles:
- "Magic" – Olivia Newton-John (No. 1 (4 weeks) Pop, No. 1 (5 weeks) AC, certified gold)
- "Xanadu" – Olivia Newton-John/Electric Light Orchestra (No. 8 Pop, No. 2 AC, No. 1 (2 weeks (UK)))
- "All Over the World" – Electric Light Orchestra (No. 13 Pop, No. 45 AC)
- "I'm Alive" – Electric Light Orchestra (No. 16 Pop, No. 48 AC, certified gold)
- "Suddenly" – Olivia Newton-John/Cliff Richard (No. 20 Pop, No. 4 AC)
Xanadu was re-released on DVD June 24, 2008. The "Magical Music Edition" features a "Going Back to Xanadu" featurette, the film's theatrical trailer and a photo gallery. A bonus music CD with the soundtrack album was included. The CD was the film's standard soundtrack album, i.e. with no extras such as omitted tracks.
A $5 million Broadway musical adaptation of the same name began previews on May 23, 2007, and opened (with Newton-John and Farrar in attendance) on July 10, 2007 starring Kerry Butler as Kira, Cheyenne Jackson as Sonny, and Tony Roberts as Danny. In the musical, Kira is the Muse Clio, not Terpsichore. Jackie Hoffman and Mary Testa co-starred (in a plot twist new to the Broadway version) as "evil" Muse sisters. The show, which humorously satirized the plot of the film, was a surprise hit, and was nominated for several Tony awards. The original cast recording was released December 2007. The Broadway production closed on September 28, 2008 after 49 previews and 512 performances. A successful national tour followed.
Awards and nominations
- "XANADU (A)". British Board of Film Classification. August 19, 1980. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- Marvel Super Special #17 at the Grand Comics Database
- Don Fields The Xanadu Story
- Ebert, Roger (September 1, 1980). "Xanadu". Chicago Sun-Times (rogerebert.com). Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- Rotten Tomatoes
- Maslin, Janet (August 9, 1980). "Xanadu (1980) MISS NEWTON-JOHN IN 'XANADU'". The New York Times.
- Germain, David (Associated Press) (February 26, 2005). "25 Years of Razzing Hollywood's Stinkers". South Florida Sun-Sentinel (Sun-Sentinel Company). p. 7D.
- American Council of Learned Societies (1999). John Arthur Garraty, Mark Christopher Carnes, ed. American national biography 1. Oxford University Press. p. 312. ISBN 978-0-19-520635-7.
- Gans, Andrew "Xanadu Workshop – with Krakowski and Jackson – Presented Jan. 20-21" Playbill, January 20, 2007. Retrieved on January 29, 2007.
- Xanadu at the Internet Movie Database
- Xanadu at the TCM Movie Database
- Xanadu at Box Office Mojo
- Xanadu at Rotten Tomatoes
- Xanadu at Metacritic