|Music||Jeff Lynne and John Farrar|
|Lyrics||Jeff Lynne and John Farrar|
|Book||Douglas Carter Beane|
|Basis||1980 film Xanadu|
2009 US Tour
|Awards||Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Musical
Drama Desk Award for Best Book
Xanadu is a musical comedy with a book by Douglas Carter Beane and music and lyrics by Jeff Lynne and John Farrar, based on the 1980 cult classic film of the same name, which was, in turn, inspired by the 1947 Rita Hayworth film Down to Earth, a sequel to the 1941 movie Here Comes Mr. Jordan, which was an adaptation of the play Heaven Can Wait by Harry Segall. The title is a reference to the poem Kubla Khan, or A Vision in a Dream. A Fragment, by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Xanadu is the name of the Chinese province where Khan establishes his pleasure garden in the poem.
The story of the musical focuses on a Greek muse, Clio, who descends from Mt. Olympus to Venice Beach, California, in 1980 on a quest to inspire a struggling artist, Sonny, to achieve the greatest creation of his life - a roller disco. But when Clio, disguised as an Australian roller girl named Kira, falls into forbidden love with the mortal Sonny, her jealous sisters take advantage of the situation, and Clio risks eternal banishment to the underworld.
The musical opened on Broadway in 2007 and ran for over 500 performances. It earned an Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Musical and a Drama Desk Award for Best Book. It was also nominated for Tony Awards for Best Musical and Best Book. The US Tour officially began on December 15, 2009, in the Orange County Performing Arts Center. A Korean production has opened, and a national tour and several foreign productions are planned.
The 1980 film on which Xanadu is based barely broke even at the box office and received uniformly unfavorable reviews, but the soundtrack was a commercial hit, as were several of the songs singly. Although the film was nominated for six Razzies, winning one for worst director, it became a cult classic. Announcements that the film would be adapted as a Broadway show drew skepticism and even derision, even from Carter Beane, who adapted the script.
According to Beane, in rewriting the script for the musical, he was influenced not only by the 1980 Xanadu film, but also by the 1981 fantasy film Clash of the Titans, prompting him to add the subplot "in which Kira’s jealous sister-muses doom her to fall in love with a mortal, incurring the wrath of their father, Zeus." He has noted that the stage musical focuses more on the Greek mythology plotlines but has "a lot of [parody] references to the movie."
The score retains the hits from the film and also includes new arrangements by Eric Stern of "I'm Alive," "Magic," "Suddenly," and "Dancin'," as well as interpolating two classic Electric Light Orchestra songs, "Strange Magic" and "Evil Woman," plus Farrar's "Have You Never Been Mellow."
Workshop productions 
The musical was first given a workshop production and backers' audition at the Minetta Lane Theater in Greenwich Village, New York City, in January 2007, featuring performances by Jane Krakowski, Tony Roberts, and Cheyenne Jackson. Readings of the stage version had previously been held on April 21 and August 3, 2006, at New World Stages in Manhattan.
Krakowski and Jackson were cast in their respective leading roles of Clio/Kira and Sonny Malone for the Broadway run, but both eventually dropped out. Jane cited her TV shooting schedule on the NBC show 30 Rock, while Jackson cited post-production commitments for his film Hysteria.
Broadway production 
Xanadu began previews on Broadway on May 23, 2007, at the Helen Hayes Theatre and opened on July 10, 2007. The production was directed by Christopher Ashley and choreographed by Dan Knechtges, with sets by David Gallo, lighting by Howell Binkley, costumes by David Zinn, sound by T. Richard Fitzgerald and Carl Cassella and projections by Zachary Borovay. The key producers were Robert Ahrens, Tara Smith and Brian Swibel.
The production included a considerable amount of skating for the characters Kira and Sonny, and the set extended over the orchestra pit partly into the audience. The show was presented partially in the round, with some audience members seated on benches on the stage. Like several other recent Broadway shows, a small cast was used, and the relatively short show (90 minutes) was played without intermission. James Carpinello was cast as Sonny and played the role during May and June previews. The actor injured his foot rollerskating during a rehearsal on June 12, 2007. Cast members Andre Ward and Curtis Holbrook alternated in the role of Sonny until Carpinello's replacement, Cheyenne Jackson, assumed the role on June 21, 2007.
The opening night cast included Jackson as Sonny Malone, Kerry Butler as Kira, Tony Roberts as Danny Maguire, and Jackie Hoffman and Mary Testa as "evil" Muse sisters, part of a new plot twist introduced in the Broadway version. Olivia Newton-John (star of the film) and composer John Farrar attended on opening night and joined the cast on stage during the curtain call.
The production closed on September 28, 2008, after 49 previews and 513 performances.
U.S. Tour 
The tour opened at the La Jolla Playhouse in San Diego, California, on November 11, 2008, and played until December 31, 2008. A Chicago run of the production began in January 2009 preceding the U.S. national tour. The Chicago run ended on March 29, 2009, and the production ran in Tokyo for a month. Elizabeth Stanley played Kira, and Max von Essen portrayed Sonny in the La Jolla, Chicago, and Tokyo runs of the production. The new U.S. national tour opened on December 15, 2009, in Costa Mesa, California, with Stanley and Von Essen.
Other productions 
The producers of Xanadu licensed to Tin Tin Entertainment the exclusive Korean language rights to the show for two years. A production in Seoul opened in 2008. It starred Super Junior members Heechul and Kangin, rotating in the role of Sunny and played from on 9 September to 23 November 2008 at Doosan Art Center.
The Philippine production of Xanadu this September. Atlantis Productions will stage the musical from September 3–19, 2010, with Rachel Alejandro and Felix Rivera in the roles of Clio/Kira and Sonny, respectively.
The Australian production opened on March 1, 2011, in a big top called the Grand Xanadu Marquee in the Melbourne Docklands. The roles of Clio/Kira, Sonny, Danny/Zeus, Calliope/Aphrodite and Melpomene/Medusa were played by Christie Whelan, Sam Ludeman, John McTernan, Susan-Ann Walker, and Alexandra (Ally) Fowler, respectively.
It is 1980, and chalk artist Sonny Malone is dissatisfied with his sidewalk mural of the Greek Muses (daughters of Zeus) and determines to kill himself. On Mount Olympus, Clio (pronounced "Kleye-o"), the youngest, perkiest Muse, convinces her eight sisters (two of whom are men in drag), to travel to Venice Beach (rising out of the sidewalk mural) to inspire Sonny ("I'm Alive"). Zeus's rules require that Muses must always be disguised from mortals. Clio has the idea to wear roller skates, leg warmers, and sport an Australian accent, and the other muses agree. Clio changes her name to something contemporary: "Kira". Quickly inspired ("Magic"), Sonny decides that he can combine all the arts and "something athletic" all into one spectacular entertainment: a roller disco.
Two of Clio's sisters, Melpomene (the oldest sister) and Calliope, are jealous that Clio (although the youngest) is the leader of the Muses and that Zeus had promised "Xanadu" to Clio, although no one knows exactly what that entails ("Evil Woman"). So they plot to discredit Clio and cause her banishment by tricking her into breaking one of Zeus's rules: a Muse must not fall in love with a mortal, so they will curse "Kira" and Sonny to fall in love.
Meanwhile, Sonny finds a good location for the roller disco, a long-abandoned theater in the Fairfax district of Los Angeles called "Xanadu." "Kira" inspires him to locate the owner in the phone book ("Suddenly"), and they set up a meeting with real estate mogul Danny Maguire, who used to be a big band clarinetist before he started in the real estate game.
Sonny visits hard-hearted Danny in his posh office in downtown Los Angeles and tries to convince him to donate the theater for the roller disco, because it would bring the arts to the Fairfax district and drive up real estate values. But Danny scoffs, even though he had plans to open the theater himself, once upon a time. As Sonny leaves, "Kira" arrives, jogging Danny's memories of an old love and dance partner of his, who looked suspiciously like "Kira," named Kitty("Whenever You're Away from Me"). Kitty tells Danny that although he had let his greed stop him from pursuing his dream to open the theater 35 years ago, he has a chance to redeem himself now by opening the roller disco with Sonny. Danny finds Sonny and tells him that if he can get the disco up and running in one day, he'll give him 25% of the take from the Disco ("Dancin'"). Excited, Sonny readily agrees.
Sonny finds "Kira" and tells her the good news. She is not impressed with the deal that he has cut. It is then that the evil sisters work their curse, and the winged Eros, along with "Mama Cupid", shoots "Kira" and Sonny with the arrows of love ("Strange Magic"). "Kira" is soon overwhelmed with guilt over her loving feelings and of having created her own art (a hand-drawn picture) alongside Sonny – both violations of Zeus's restrictions on the Muses.
With the help of some of the muses, "Kira" and Sonny fix up the old theater ("All Over the World"), and Danny agrees to go ahead with the opening. Clio realizes that she is falling in love with Sonny and tells him that she must leave ("Don't Walk Away"). But the evil sisters are not finished. Now they offer Danny piles of money if he will tear down the theater and build condos. Danny can't resist and tells Sonny that the deal is off.
"Kira" comes back to tell Sonny that she loves him, but the evil sisters tell her that she has broken Zeus's rules, and that she must tell Sonny the truth. So "Kira" reveals all to Sonny, including that her name is Clio, but he does not believe her and is upset. He suggests that she is a crackpot. He also doubts that she really loves him, and she is angry and hurt ("Fool"). The evil sisters have triumphed ("The Fall"), and Kira sets off for Mount Olympus to receive her punishment from Zeus ("Suspended in Time").
Meanwhile, Sonny and Danny discuss "Kira" and after seeing her in the sky, it all makes sense. Danny tells Sonny not to let go of his muse because of foolish pride as he once did back in the 1940s. Sonny, realizing that he really loves "Kira," decides to find her - even if it means climbing Mount Olympus.
Back on Mount Olympus, Zeus's wives ask him to take pity on Clio ("Have You Never Been Mellow"). One of Zeus's wives, Thetis, retells the story of Achilles and his vulnerable heel. All the demi-gods and demi-goddesses are so afflicted. This gives Clio an epiphany: She, too, is invulnerable, except for her heels, but when the evil sisters had her shot with the arrows of love, she had been wearing the "mighty legwarmers," and so she must have been completely invulnerable. This means that she really did love Sonny! Kira then declares her love for Sonny and rips off her legwarmers ("I'm Free") and attempts to fly away with Pegasus and Sonny, before Zeus pulls them down with copper chains. Sonny brashly declares that he would even fight Zeus for the woman he loves. Zeus, impressed with his pluck, decides to pardon Clio. The two evil sisters are displeased, the lovers are reunited, and Zeus reveals what Xanadu is: "True love and the ability to create and share art." Clio and Sonny go back to L.A. and Xanadu ("Xanadu").
Musical numbers 
- "I'm Alive" – Clio/Kira and the Muses
- "Magic" – Kira
- "Evil Woman"– Melpomene, Calliope and the Sirens
- "Suddenly" – Kira and Sonny
- "Whenever You're Away From Me" – Danny and Kira
- "Dancin’" – Danny, Sonny and the Muses
- "Strange Magic" – Melpomene, Calliope and Kira
- "All Over the World" – Sonny, Danny and the Muses
- "Don't Walk Away" – Sonny, Danny and the Muses
- "Fool" – Kira and the Muses
- "The Fall" – Sonny and the Muses
- "Suspended in Time" – Kira and Sonny
- "Have You Never Been Mellow" – Kira and the Greek gods
- "I'm Free" Kira, Sonny, and Pegasus [Young Woman]
- "Xanadu" – Kira, Sonny, Danny and the Muses
The following are the casts of the major productions:
|Character||Broadway 2007||U.S. Tour 2008|
|Clio / Kira||Kerry Butler||Elizabeth Stanley|
|Sonny Malone||Cheyenne Jackson||Max von Essen|
|Danny Maguire, Zeus||Tony Roberts||Larry Marshall|
|Calliope, Aphrodite||Jackie Hoffman||Annie Golden|
|Melpomene, Medusa||Mary Testa||Natasha Yvette Williams|
|Thalia, Siren, '80s Singer, Cyclops||Curtis Holbrook (also Young Danny)||Jason Michael Snow (also Eros)|
|Euterpe, Siren, '40s Singer, Thetis||Anika Larsen||Veronica J Kuehn|
|Erato, Siren, '40s Singer, Hera||Kenita R. Miller (also Eros)||Chauntee Schuler|
|Terpsichore, Suthiba, Siren, '80s Singer, Hermes, Centaur||Andre Ward||Jesse Nager (also Young Danny)|
Critical reception 
Xanadu's opening night reviews from the New York critics were mostly positive. The musical broke the Helen Hayes one-day box office record the day after the reviews came out.
Charles Isherwood, in The New York Times, wrote that the show is "simultaneously indefensible and irresistible... there’s so much silly bliss to be had... there is enough first-rate stage talent rolling around in Xanadu to power a season of wholly new, old-school, non-jukebox musicals, if someone would get around to writing a few good ones... the show’s winking attitude toward its own aesthetic abjectness can be summed up thus: If you can’t beat ’em, slap on some roller skates and join ’em." Although Isherwood praised most of the cast, he noted that the musical "does have a few dead spots in its brisk 90-minute running time.... Mr. Beane’s inspiration seems to have failed him when it came to minting fresh fun from the subplot involving flashbacks to Danny’s 1940s romance. The stage "Xanadu" can’t really muster much in the way of an extravaganza, either.... The production is skimpy on both the casting and design fronts."
Hilton Als' review in The New Yorker called Xanadu "probably the most fun you’ll have on Broadway this season, one reason being that everything about it is so resolutely anti-Broadway. In its wildness and ecstasy, Xanadu is a welcome relief from the synthetic creations that some Broadway producers have been peddling for years. Here you can’t count the disco balls fast enough—not to mention the roller skates, the frosted-pink lips, and the glittering spandex that the director, Christopher Ashley, hurls at you like a PCP flashback. Xanadu is far sleazier and cheesier than conventional musical theatre, and it points out just how tame most other musicals are."
Original cast recording 
Cubby Bernstein promotion 
On May 10, 2008, a video introducing "Tony Campaign Manager Cubby Bernstein" was released on YouTube. The video features past Tony Award winners like Duncan Sheik, Julie White, Beth Leavel, John Cullum, Martin Richards and Carole Shelley. Pre-pubescent "Cubby" claims to have been behind 63 Tony wins. Additional videos were released every few days. On the second episode, the producers of Xanadu ask Cubby if he would campaign for their show, but Cubby refuses, saying that it is a show for "the gay boys". However, the producers convince Cubby to go and see the show, which "bowls him over". He then says that Xanadu can win the Tony, creating the campaign's slogan "Yes It Can!"
Subsequent episodes feature more Tony Award winners like Patti LuPone, Cynthia Nixon, Adriane Lenox, John Lloyd Young and John Gallagher Jr., and follow Cubby while he shows the cast of Xanadu the "Cubby steps to the Tony". Cubby makes them sell "Cub-Cakes" to benefit the charity Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS during the one-year anniversary of Xanadu on Broadway, teaches them "the art of the shmooze" and helps them build up their confidence. The sixth and most popular video is the only one in which Cubby doesn't appear. It features Tony winner Nathan Lane and most of the Xanadu male cast.
Xanadu producers never acknowledged that Cubby Bernstein was a publicity stunt, although Douglas Carter Beane stated on May 15 that he believed this year"[Cubby] is going to go with Xanadu". Cubby Bernstein has been identified by Variety as child actor Adam Riegler, who appeared in the 2007 revival of I and Albert and as Pugsley Addams in The Addams Family. Playwright Paul Downs Colaizzo helped to create and also appeared in the series. Xanadu did not win any Tony Awards.
Awards and nominations 
Original Broadway production 
|2008||Tony Award||Best Musical||Nominated|||
|Best Book of a Musical||Douglas Carter Beane||Nominated|
|Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical||Kerry Butler||Nominated|
|Best Choreography||Dan Knechtges||Nominated|
|Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Musical||Nominated|||
|Outstanding Book of a Musical||Douglas Carter Beane||Won|
|Outstanding Actor in a Musical||Cheyenne Jackson||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical||Mary Testa||Nominated|
|Outstanding Director of a Musical||Christopher Ashley||Nominated|
|Outstanding Choreography||Dan Knechtges||Nominated|
- Martin, Michael. "In Down to Earth, Terpsichore, a muse from ancient Greece, infiltrates a Broadway show about the nine muses.". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
- Martin, Michael. "Springtime for 'Xanadu'", New York Magazine, May 28, 2007
- Robert Viagas, Information from Playbill.com news, Playbill Online, May 10, 2007
- Gans, Andrew (2007-01-20). "Xanadu Workshop — with Krakowski and Jackson — Presented Jan. 20-21". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2007-01-29.
- Riegel, Katie (2007-07-08). "Interview With Cheyenne Jackson". Broadway.com.
- NY Times article dated July 7, 2007
- "Xanadu Star James Carpinello Exits Roller-Skating Musical With Injured Foot". Broadway.com. 2007-06-13. Retrieved 2007-06-13.
- broadway.com Staff (2008-09-23). "Xanadu Moves Up Broadway Closing Date to 9/28". Broadway.com. Retrieved 2008-09-23.
- Gans, Andrew (2008-05-16). "Xanadu Will Kick Off Tour in California; Chicago to Follow". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
- Gans, Andrew and Hetrick, Adam. "Xanadu Tour Re-Launches Dec. 15 with Stanley, Von Essen, Golden, Marshall, Duda, Nager". Playbill.com, December 15, 2009
- Gans, Andrew (2007-12-11). "Xanadu Will Play South Korea in 2008". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
- Koh Young-aah "Super Junior members set to make move into musicals" Korea Herald. 30 May 2008. Retrieved 2012-04-03
-  xanaduthemusical.com.au
- Information from Playbill News, July 12, 2007
- NY Times opening night review
- The New Yorker magazine's review, July 23, 2007 issue
- Hetrick, Adam (2008-06-21). ""In it for Life": Cubby Bernstein Takes a Moment for Playbill.com". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Varley, Eddie (2008-06-28). "Tony's 2008 Q&A: Cubby Bernstein". Broadway World. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Gans, Andrew (2008-05-22). "Cubby Bernstein to Speak at Xanadu's One-Year Anniversary Celebration". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Robertson, Campbell (2008-05-15). "Insert Tony Stunt Here". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Lenzy, Linda (2007-01-07). "Photo Coverage: York Theatre Company's I and Albert". Broadway World. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Gans, Andrew (2008-05-13). "2007-2008 Tony Nominations Announced; In the Heights Earns 13 Noms.". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2008-05-13.
- Gans, Andrew (2008-04-28). "53rd Annual Drama Desk Award Nominees Announced". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2008-04-28.