Xanthi (regional unit)

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Xanthi
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Ξάνθης
Regional unit
Municipalities of Xanthi
Municipalities of Xanthi
Xanthi within Greece
Xanthi within Greece
Coordinates: 41°10′N 24°55′E / 41.167°N 24.917°E / 41.167; 24.917Coordinates: 41°10′N 24°55′E / 41.167°N 24.917°E / 41.167; 24.917
Country Greece
Region East Macedonia and Thrace
Capital Xanthi
Area
 • Total 1,793 km2 (692 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 111,222
 • Density 62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Postal codes 67x xx
Area codes 254x0, 25540
ISO 3166 code GR-72
Car plates ΑΗ
Website www.xanthi.gr

Xanthi (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Ξάνθης) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Region of East Macedonia and Thrace. The capital is Xanthi. Together with the regional units Rhodope and Evros, it forms the geographical region of Western Thrace.

Geography[edit]

Xanthi borders the Bulgarian provinces of Smolyan and Kardzhali to the north, and the Aegean Sea to the south. The regional unit of Kavala lies to the west, Drama to the northwest and Rhodope to the east. The Rhodope Mountains cover the northern part of the regional unit. The highest point is Koula, at 1,827m.

The coastal area has a predominantly Mediterranean climate, whereas the northern mountainous part has a colder continental climate.

Administration[edit]

The regional unit Xanthi is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[1]

Prefecture[edit]

Xanthi was established as a prefecture in 1944 (Greek: Νομός Ξάνθης), when it was split off from the Rhodope Prefecture. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the East Macedonia and Thrace region, with no change in its boundaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[1]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Abdera (Avdira) Abdera Genisea
Vistonida
Selero
Myki Myki Sminthi
Thermes
Kotyli
Satres
Topeiros Topeiros Evlalo
Xanthi Xanthi Xanthi
Stavroupoli

Transport[edit]

Culture[edit]

The remains of the ancient city of Abdera have been excavated. Subterranean Macedonian tombs from the 2nd century BC have been discovered in Komnina. There is a Byzantine castle near the old town of Xanthi. During the 19th century, local tobacco production and commerce developed rapidly. The manors of the old city Xanthi, many of which are still intact, testify to the prosperity of the tobacco merchants during this period.

See also[edit]

References[edit]