Xanthoparmelia

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Xanthoparmelia
Lichen squamulose.jpg
Xanthoparmelia cf. lavicola, a foliose lichen, on basalt
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Lecanoromycetes
Subclass: Lecanoromycetidae
Order: Lecanorales
Family: Parmeliaceae
Genus: Xanthoparmelia
(Vain.) Hale

Xanthoparmelia (rock-shield lichen) is a genus of foliose lichen in the Parmeliaceae family.[1]:134 Xanthoparmelia is synonymous with Almbornia, Neofuscelia, Chondropsis, Namakwa, Paraparmelia, and Xanthomaculina.[2] This family of lichen is commonly found on the mid-east coast of the United States.

The name means 'golden yellow parmelia'. The photobiont (photosynthetic partner) is trebouxioid (a genus of algae).

Identification[edit]

Distinguishing between species involves how much they are attached to the substrate, whether or not isidea are present, lower surface color, and chemical spot tests.[1]:134 All members of the genus react to spot test as K-, KC+ yellow, with medulla reaction varying from species to species.[1]:134

Species[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Field Guide to California Lichens, Stephen Sharnoff, Yale University Press, 2014, ISBN 978-0-300-19500-2
  2. ^ Lumbsch TH, Huhndorf SM. (December 2007). "Outline of Ascomycota – 2007". Myconet (Chicago, USA: The Field Museum, Department of Botany) 13: 1–58. 
  3. ^ Dobson, Frank S (2005). Lichens An Illustrated Guide to the British and Irish Species. The Richmond Publishing Co.Ltd. pp. 459–460. ISBN 978-0-85546-095-2. 

External links[edit]