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Xanthosis is a yellowish discoloration of degenerating tissues, especially seen in malignant neoplasms. Can be differentiated clinically from jaundice as the sclerae are coloured yellow in jaundice, but are not discoloured in xanthosis.[1]

Other uses[edit]

Fruit farming[edit]

Xanthosis, or yellows, is a mid 20th century term for strawberry mild yellow-edge virus, a disease in strawberries, cause by the strawberry aphid. The disease is prevalent throughout the Americas.[2]

Meat industry[edit]

Xanthosis is a brown pigmentation of skeletal and heart muscles of cattle. The condition is particularly seen in older animals, and in some wasting diseases.[3] Prevalent in Ayrshire cattle and their crosses.[4]


It was the championship word used in the 1995 Scripps National Spelling Bee.[5]


  1. ^ Mosby (2013) Mosby's Medical Dictionary (9th Ed.) page 1904 Elsevier Health Sciences ISBN 0323112587 Retrieved February 2015
  2. ^ United States. Department of Agriculture (1942) Farmers' Bulletin, issues 1876-1900, page 10 U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved February 2015
  3. ^ Samuel Jutzi, S. (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2004) Good Practices for the Meat Industry page 17 Food & Agriculture Org. ISBN 9251051461 Retrieved February 2015
  4. ^ Collins, D.S. & Huey, R.J. (2015) Gracey's Meat Hygiene page 211 John Wiley & Sons ISBN 1118650026 Retrieved February 2015
  5. ^ List of Scripps National Spelling Bee champions