Mary Ashley Townsend
She began to write for publication about 1856, and under the pen-name of "Xariffa" made a reputation as the author of "Quillotypes," a series of humorous papers that appeared in the New Orleans "Delta" and were widely copied by the southern and western press. Her other works are The Brother Clerks (New York, 1859); Poems (Philadelphia, 1870);  The Captain's Story (1874); and Down the Bayou, and other Poems (Boston, 1884). Her most important short poems are "Creed," which was copied in newspapers in England as well as the US "A Woman's Wish," "The Bather," and "The Wind."
She was the first American invited to join the "Liceo Hidalgo," a prestigious Mexican literary club.
Her work gained "high critical acclaim in the 1870s and 1880s". By 1916, fifteen years after her death, her article in "A history of American literature" said "Her humorous sketches in prose are forgotten, but her mildly sentimental poems hold for her a place in the anthologies." "The history of southern women's literature" (2002) said her work had freshness and genuineness in dealing with traditional subjects.
- Rutherford, Mildred Lewis, The South in history and literature, The Franklin-Turner Company, Atlanta GA., 1907. Retrieved September 18, 2011
- Cairns, William B., A history of American literature, Oxford University Press, 1916, page 436. Retrieved September 18, 2011
- Xariffa, The Brother Clerks (New York, 1859)
- Xariffa, Poems (Philadelphia, 1870)
- Xariffa, Down the Bayou, and other Poems (Boston, 1884)
- Carter, Hodding The past as prelude: New Orleans 1718-1968, Firebird Press, 2009, page 182. ISBN 978-1-58980-681-8. Retrieved September 18, 2011
- Perry, Carolyn and Weaks, Mary Louise, history of southern women's literature, Louisiana State Univ Press, 2002, pages 199-200. ISBN 978-0-8071-2753-7. Retrieved September 18, 2011
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1891). "article name needed". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- Selected Townsend poems
- Works by Mary Ashley Townsend at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Mary Ashley Townsend at Internet Archive
- Works by Mary Ashley Townsend at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)