Xàtiva

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Xàtiva
Municipality
Xàtiva
View of Xàtiva
View of Xàtiva
Flag of Xàtiva
Flag
Coat of arms of Xàtiva
Coat of arms
Localització de Xàtiva respecte del País Valencià.png
Xàtiva is located in Spain
Xàtiva
Xàtiva
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 38°59′25″N 0°31′16″W / 38.99028°N 0.52111°W / 38.99028; -0.52111
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Valencian Community
Province Valencia
Comarca Costera
Judicial district Xàtiva
Government
 • Mayor Alfonso Rus Terol (2007) (PP)
Area
 • Total 76.60 km2 (29.58 sq mi)
Elevation 115 m (377 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 29,386
 • Density 380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Demonym Setabense
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 46800
Official language(s) Valencian
Website Official website

Xàtiva (Valencian pronunciation: [ˈʃativa], Spanish: Játiva [ˈxatiβa], Arabic: شاطبة‎) is a town in eastern Spain, in the province of Valencia, on the right (western) bank of the river Albaida and at the junction of the ValenciaMurcia and Valencia Albacete railways. During the Al-Andalus Islamic era, Arabs brought the technology to manufacture paper to Xàtiva. In the 12th century, Xàtiva was known for its schools, education, and learning circles. Islamic scholar Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi's last name refers to Xàtiva where he lived and died. [1]

History[edit]

Collegiate church.

Xàtiva (Saetabis in Latin) was famous in Roman times for its linen fabrics, mentioned by the Latin poets Ovid and Catullus. Xàtiva is also known as an early European center of paper manufacture. In the 12th century, Arabs brought the technology to manufacture paper to Xàtiva.

Main article: Route of the Borgias

It is the birthplace of two popes, Callixtus III and Alexander VI, and also the painter José Ribera (Lo Spagnoletto). It suffered a dark moment in its history at the hands of Philip V of Spain, who, after his victory at the Battle of Almansa during the War of the Spanish Succession, ordered the city to be burned. The name was changed to San Felipe. In memory of the insult, the portrait of the monarch hangs upside down in the local museum of L'Almodí.[2]

Xàtiva was briefly a provincial capital under the short-lived 1822 territorial division of Spain,[3] during the Trienio Liberal. The Province of Játiva was revoked with the return to absolutism in 1823.

Main sights[edit]

Xàtiva is built on the margin of a fertile plain, and on the southern slopes of the Monte Bernisa, a hill with two peaks, each surmounted by a Castle of Xàtiva.

Its Collegiate Basilica, dating from 1414, but rebuilt about a century later in the Renaissance style, was formerly a cathedral, and is the chief among many churches and convents. The town-hall and a church on the castle hill are partly constructed of inscribed Roman masonry, and several houses date from the Moorish period.

Other sights include:

  • the Royal Monastery of the Assumption, Gothic and Baroque style, built during the 14th century and renovated in the 16th–18th centuries.
  • Natal house of the Pope Alexander VI.
  • Church of St. Felix (13th century)
  • Church of St. Peter (14th century). The interior has a coffer decorated in Gothic-Mudéjar style.
  • Hermitage of Santa Ana (15th century), in Gothic style
  • Almodí, a 14th-century Gothic edifice (1530–1548) now housing a Museum

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muhammad Khalid Masud, Islamic Legal Philosophy: A Study of Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi's Life and Thought, McGill University 1977
  2. ^ XÀTIVA - Museo de l'Almodí
  3. ^ (Spanish) División provisional del territorio español de 27 de Enero de 1822, the text of the proposed 1822 territorial division of Spain, Instituto de Historia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC, Spanish National Research Council). Accessed online 2010-01-03.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Xàtiva at Wikimedia Commons

There is plenty of information available about Xativa and the surrounding area on the English language website; www.xativatourismguide.com

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.