Xenocentrism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Xenocentrism is the preference for the products, styles, or ideas of someone else's culture rather than of one's own.[1] The concept is considered a subjective view[clarification needed] of cultural relativism.[2] One example is the romanticization of the noble savage in the 18th-century primitivism movement in European art, philosophy and ethnography.[3]

Origin of the term[edit]

Xenocentrism was coined by American sociologists Donald P. Kent and Robert G. Burnight in the 1952 paper "Group Centrism in Complex Societies" published in the American Journal of Sociology.[2][4] The term remained obscure but considered useful and occasionally used by other sociologists.[4] The University of Florida treats it as a key term of Sociology.[5]

The term is opposed to ethnocentrism, as coined by 19th-century American sociologist William Graham Sumner, which describes the natural tendencies of an individual to place disproportionate worth upon the values and beliefs of one's own culture relative to others.[2]

In his doctoral dissertation, Steven James Lawrence suggests it may be an influential in making consumers buying decisions as they might have "favorable orientations to products from outside their membership group.[6]

Puja Mondal cited some examples from India:

"People in India often assume that British lifestyle (dress pattern, etc.), French fashion or Japanese electronic devices (TV, tape recorders, mobile set, washing machines, etc.) and Swiss watches are superior to their own."

[7]

Grace Susetyo suggests "the idea that foreign cultures and their elements are superior to the local" causes a crisis of cultural identityamong members of the culture Western educated Indonesians and is a problem that needs to be eradicated.[8]

The Academy of International Business is studying "out of group favoritism and in-group derogation" as a consumer effect in the Chinese consumer market.[9]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Merton, Robert K. "Insiders and outsiders: A chapter in the sociology of knowledge". American Journal of Sociology (1972): 9–47.

References[edit]