Xerocomus

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Xerocomus
Boletus subtomentosus.jpg
Xerocomus subtomentosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Boletales
Suborder: Boletineae
Family: Boletaceae
Genus: Xerocomus
Quél. (1887)
Type species
Xerocomus subtomentosus
(L.) Quél. (1888)

Xerocomus is a genus of fungi that is related to Boletus. Many mycologists do not recognize the distinction; however, several molecular studies have demonstrated that they are two distinct genera, with clear morphological differences. The genus Xerocomus has been further divided into Xerocomellus and Hemileccinum by Šutara (2008).[1] The members of the Xerocomellus genus are more closely related to Boletus than true Xerocomus is, which is relatively distantly related to Boletus and more closely related to Phylloporus.

Most members of Xerocomus are edible.

Ladurner and Simonini published a monograph on Xerocomus in 2003.[2] In 2008, Hills included 18 species found in Britain, not including some species sometimes treated as Xerocomus, including Boletus pulverulentus and Boletus impolitus.[3]

Molecular phylogenetic studies strongly imply that Xerocomus is a heterogeneous genus of polyphyletic origin.[4]

Species[edit]

Description[edit]

Morphological features of xerocomoid boletes[8][9][1]

Boletus s.str. Hemileccinum Xerocomellus Xerocomus s.str.
Spore Surface Smooth Smooth Longitudinally striated or smooth, never bacilate Bacilate
Hymenophoral trama Boletoid type with gelatinous lateral strata Boletoid type with gelatinous lateral strata Intermediate between boletoid and phylloporoid when fully developed with distinct but weakly gelatinous lateral strata Phylloporoid type with nongelatinous lateral strata
Pileipellis Trichoderm, sometimes collapsing, rarely ixotrichoderm or other Initially trichoderm but collapses with age Initially palisadoderm, typically encrusted Initially a trichoderm, never encrusted
Lateral stipe stratum Frequently gelatinous, 60-90 μM thick, thicker than that of Xerocomellus Similar to that of Leccinum species, ornamented with stipe scabrousities up to 400-640 μM thick Frequently not present, reduced to no more than 30-40 μM thick, not gelatinous Lateral stipe stratum never gelatinous and 80-200 μM thick

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Šutara J. (2008). "Xerocomus s.l. in the light of the present state of knowledge". Czech Mycology 60 (1): 29–62. 
  2. ^ Ladurner H, Simonini G. (2003). Xerocomus s.l. Fungi Europaei 8. Alassio: Edizioni Candusso. ISBN 978-88-901057-2-2. 
  3. ^ Hills AE. (2008). "The genus Xerocomus: A personal view, with a key to the British species". Field Mycology 9 (3): 77–96. doi:10.1016/S1468-1641(10)60416-1. 
  4. ^ Nuhn ME, Binder M, Taylor AFS, Halling RE, Hibbett DS. (2013). "Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae". Fungal Biology 117 (7–8): 479–511. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2013.04.008. PMID 23931115. 
  5. ^ a b c Husbands DR, Henkel TW, Bonito G, Vilgalys R, Smith ME. (2013). "New species of Xerocomus (Boletales) from the Guiana Shield, with notes on their mycorrhizal status and fruiting occurrence". Mycologia 105 (2): 422–35. doi:10.3852/12-146. 
  6. ^ Yan W-J, Li T-H, Zhang M, Li T. (2013). "Xerocomus porophyllus sp. nov., morphologically intermediate between Phylloporus and Xerocomus". Mycotaxon 124: 255–62. doi:10.5248/124.255. 
  7. ^ http://www.species.asu.edu/2008_species07.php
  8. ^ Šutara, J. (1989). "The delimitation of the genus Leccinum". Ceská Mykologie 43: 1–12. 
  9. ^ Šutara J. (1991). "Pseudoboletus, a new genus of Boletales". Ceská Mykologie 45 (1-2): 1–9. 

External links[edit]