Xhem Hasa

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Xhem Hasa
Xhem and Brothers.jpg
Xhem Hasa(centre) with his brothers, Musli Hasa(left) and Abdullah Hasa(right)
Born 1908
Simnica, Gostivar, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died May 6, 1945 (aged 37)
Unknown
Allegiance Albania (under Fascist Italy & Nazi Germany)
Service/branch Royal Albanian Army
Balli Kombëtar
Years of service 1941-1945
Rank Commander
Commands held Balli Kombëtar
Battles/wars National Liberation War of Macedonia

Xhemail Hasani (1908, Simnica, Gostivar - May 6, 1945), aka Xhemë "Xhemo" Hasa–Gostivari, was an Albanian nationalist, in charge of the Balli Kombëtar's activities in the eastern regions of Albania under Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Xhem Hasa grew up in a poor family with many children. During his childhood, up until his early stages of adulthood, Xhem worked as a farmer on his family's farm. The Hasa family experienced at first hand the cruelty of the Serbian regime. It was through this experience which led to Xhem leaving the life of a farmer and becoming a soldier.

Royal Albanian Army[edit]

Xhem left his home in Simnica and went to Albania to join the Albanian army. In the Albanian Army, Xhem was sent to the south of Albania to fight in the front line. His involvement helped Albania retain its borders and stop the advancement of the Greeks.[citation needed] For his success and brilliance in the army, King Zog promoted him to Army Officer of Albania.

World War II[edit]

The Albanian National Meeting in the city of Tetovo(center left, Xhem Hasa and center right, Mefail Shehu).

When the Axis powers invaded Yugoslavia in April 1941, Xhem returned to Gostivar. In Gostivar, Xhem gathered local Albanians to form a group of fighters. With his fighters, Xhem Hasa took control of Gostivar. In the autumn of 1943, Germany occupied all of Albania after Italy was defeated. The Balli Kombëtar made a deal with the Germans and formed a collaborationist government in Tirana which continued its war with the LNC and Yugoslav Partisans.[1][2][3][4] Xhem Hasa and his battalion was incorporated into the Balli Kombëtar. Hasa's victories in battles led him to being the Commander of the Balli Kombëtar in Macedonia. Xhem's Ballists, as well as the other Balli Kombëtar units from other Albanians, liberated the rest of the Albanian-populated lands.[citation needed] This resulted in the unification of the Albanians and forming a greater Albanian state.[citation needed]

However, both Yugoslav and Albanian partisans casually harassed the Ballist forces. When Maqellarë, midway between Debar and Peshkopi, was recaptured by the Fifth Partisan Brigade, the Germans with the assistance of the Ballist forces of Xhem Hasa launched an attack from Debar, defeating the partisans.[5] Fiqri Dine, Xhem Hasa and Hysni Dema as well as three German Majors directed military campaigns against the Albanian and Yugoslav partisans.[6] Hasa was a close acquaintance of Mefail Shehu and would often send troops from Gostivar and Tetovo to aid him.

Death[edit]

The Yugoslav partisans faced difficulty when fighting with Xhem Hasa. This resulted in the Yugoslav partisans in bribing a close associate of Xhem to assassinate him. On May 6, 1945, Xhem Hasa was killed by a close associate. It has been rumored that the associate was his brother in-law.[citation needed]

Legacy[edit]

Xhem Hasa was one of the most well known Ballists in World War II. Enver Hoxha, Communist leader of Albania, had a great dislike of Xhem Hasa and the Ballists of Gostivar and Tetovo.[7][need quotation to verify] In 2010, the Macedonian Albanians political party New Democracy proposed for a monument of Xhem Hasa to be built in Gostivar. A monument of Hasa has already been built in his birthplace, village Simnica, in 2006.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Morrock The Psychology of Genocide and Violent Oppression: A Study of Mass Cruelty
  2. ^ Philip J. Cohen,David Riesman. Serbia's Secret War: Propaganda and the Deceit of History. Texas A&M University Press, 1996 ISBN 978-0-89096-760-7, p. 100.
  3. ^ Nigel Thomas,Peter Abbott. Partisan warfare 1941-45. Osprey Publishing, 1983, ISBN 978-0-85045-513-7, p. 27: "Balli Kombetar, however, preferred German rule to Italian and, believing that only the Germans would allow Kosovo to remain Albanian after the war, began to collaborate.".
  4. ^ Tom Winnifrith. Badlands, borderlands: a history of Northern Epirus/Southern Albania "Balle Kombetar, strongly Albanian nationalist, Muslim and at times pro-German". Duckworth, 2002, ISBN 978-0-7156-3201-7, p. 26:
  5. ^ Owen Pearson. Albania in the twentieth century: a history, Volume 2. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Owen Pearson. Albania as dictatorship and democracy: from isolation to the Kosovo War. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  7. ^ Enver Hoxha. The artful Albanian:memoirs of Enver Hoxha. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "И фашистот Џемо влезе во ред за биста" [Bust of fascist Dzemo in line]. Нова Македонија (in Macedonian). 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2012. "Партијата на Имер Селмани бара да му се изгради споменик на Џемо Балистот во Гостивар, кој во Втората светска војна беше крвник на македонскиот народ и соработник со италијанскиот и германскиот фашистички окупатор...Споменик на Џемо Хаса веќе има во неговото родно село Симница." 

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